दीपदान का महत्व

dipdan ka mahatva  

Ank ke aur Lekh | Sambandhit Lekh | Views : 10606 |  
panchaparva dipavli evan dipdan ka mahatva rashmi chaidhri bhartiya parvon men dipavli hi ek matra eaisa parva hai jiske pahle aur bad men bhi anek mahatvapurn parva ate hain. un sabka mahattva bhi kisi bhi mayne men dipavli se kam nahin hai. pratyek ki mahatta aur unke piche ke purva itihas evan anyantar kathaon ke bare men bataya gaya hai is lekh men. ‘‘tamso ma jyotirgamaya’’: ‘‘he ishvar! hamen andhkar se prakash ki or le jao.’’ vastutah dipavli parva par dipdan evan dip prajjvalit karne ka mukhya prayojan yahi bhavna hai. hamare dharmik granthon men bhi dipdan ki atyant mahima batai gai hai. ‘‘dipdan’’ ek aisa dan hai jiske karne se manushya ko is lok men atyant tejomay sharir ki prapti hoti hai tatha mrityu ke bad surya lok ki prapti hoti hai. kartik mas men pure mas evan visheshakar dipavli par dhan trayodshi se lekar yam dvitiya tak dipdan karna purnataya faldayak hota hai. panchaparva dipavli par dipdan ki mahÿaa: dipavli parva ke pratham divas ko ‘dhanters’ ke nam se jana jata hai. kartik mas krishn paksh trayodshi ko ‘dhanvantri jayanti’ evan ‘dhan trayodshi’ donon hi parva manane ka vidhan hai. aisa kaha jata hai ki is din bhagvan suryadev ne ‘kali’ ke dvara nirmit rogon se pirit sansar ke praniyon ko rogon se mukt karne evan devtaon ka karya siddh karne ke lie (kaliyug men) kashi nagri men ‘kalpadant’ namak brahman ke putra rup men janm liya tha. age chalakar ve hi ‘dhanvantri’ ke nam se prasiddh hue jinhonne rajputra sushrut ko apna shishya banaya evan ‘chikitsa shastra’ (ayurved) ki rachna ki. is din naye ganesh lakshmi, naye bartan, mithai evan khil-khilone bajar se kharidne ki paranpra prachlit hai. is din ‘vaidyaraj dhanvantri’ evan yamraj ke nimiÿa ghar ke mukhyadvar par dip prajjvalit kar arogya evan dirghayu ki kamna karni chahie. aisa karne se kisi bhi prakar ke rog evan akal mrityu ka bhay nahin rahta hai. ‘narak chaturdashi’ ko dipdan ka mahattva: dipavli ke dusre din (kartik krishn paksh chaturdashi) ko ‘narak chaturdashi’ ya ‘rup chaturdashi’ ke rup men manaya jata hai. is din sandhyakal men dhan ke devta ‘kuber’ ke nimiÿa dipdan karne se narak ka bhay nahin rahta tatha ghar parivar men khushhali evan dhan-samriddhi tatha rup ki nirantar vriddhi hoti hai. dipavli par dipdan ka mahatva: kartik mas ki ‘amavasya’ ko dipavli ka parva bare harshollas ke sath manaya jata hai. is din ratri men vighn vinashak ganesh evan lakshmi ji ki puja ki jati hai. is din ratri men shubh muhurt men snanadi se nivriÿa hokar ganesh ji, vishnu ji, mahalakshmi bhartiya parvon men dipavli hi ek matra eaisa parva hai jiske pahle aur bad men bhi anek mahatvapurn parva ate hain. un sabka mahattva bhi kisi bhi mayne men dipavli se kam nahin hai. pratyek ki mahatta aur unke piche ke purva itihas evan anyantar kathaon ke bare men bataya gaya hai is lekh men. ji evan kuber adi ke prati apni purn shraddha samarpit karte hue in sabhi devtaon ke nimiÿa apni samathryanusar adhikadhik dipon ka dan karna chahie. dipavli ki ratri ko ‘mahanishiya kal, ‘mahakalratri’ adi bhi kaha jata hai. is din lakshmi puja ke sath-sath tantra-puja evan ‘mantrochchar’ ka bhi bara mahattva hai. atah jo vyakti tantra-mantra ki siddhi chahte hain unhen mahalakshmi pujan ke bad til ke tel ka dipak lal baÿai dalakar kali ji ya bhairav ji ke nimiÿa prajjvalit karna chahie. tatpashchat uske samne kisi shuddh asan par baithakar pure manoyog (man, vani evan karma) se abhipsit mantrochchar karna chahie. isse mantra avashya siddh hota hai evan vanchit fal ki prapti hoti hai. ‘govardhana-puja’ par dipdan ka mahatva: kartik shukla paksh ki pratipda ko ‘govardhan puja’ evan annakut ka parva manaya jata hai. is din pashu dhan ki puja tatha ‘govardhan parvat’ ki puja karne ka vidhan hai. ‘jivan men sthayitva’ evan sukh samriddhi prapt karna hi is puja ka uddeshya hai. is din vishvakarma ji ke nimiÿa dipdan karne se ghar men tut-fut hone ka bhay nahin rahta. chitragupt ji ki puja bhi is din ki jati hai. dip jalakar vidhipurvak chitragupt ji ki puja karne se ay, vividh dhan ki prapti hoti hai. bhaiduj par dipdan ka mahatva: dipavli ke antim din ko ‘bhai duj’ ke rup men manate hain. kartik shukla-paksh dvitiya ko bhai-duj athva ‘yam- dvitiya’ bhi kahte hain. is din yamuna nadi ke tat par dipdan karne ka vishesh mahattva bataya gaya hai. yam aur yamuna-surya dev ki santanen kahi gai hain. is din yamuna ne apne bhai yam ko apne ghar par bhojan karaya tha tab yamlok men bahut bara utsav manaya gaya tha. tabhi se is tithi ko yam dvitiya athva bhai duj ke rup men manane ki paranpra chali a rahi hai. is din jo bahnen apne bhaiyon ke dirghajivan ke lie yam devta ke nimiÿa dipdan karti hain, unhen apne bhaiyon ka sukh dirghakal tak prapt hota rahta hai. is din (yadi ho sake to) bhai-bahan ko sath-sath yamuna nadi men snan, pujan evan dipdan avashya karna chahie. pujnoprant bhai paramabrahm parmeshvar bhagvan bhaskar ki puja avashya karni chahie. aisa karne se suryadev ke tej ke saman hi tejomay evan kantiman sharir ki prapti hoti hai. bhagvan suryadev ki is prakar aradhna karne se prajaon ke svami bhagvan surya shighra hi prasann hokar sanpurn manorath siddh karte hain. kaha bhi gaya hai- ‘‘toshite'asmin prajanathe naraah purn manorthaah’’.. jo manushya bhakti purvak is prakar dipavli parva par panchon din evan saptami tithi ko suryadev ke nimiÿa dipdan karta hai, vah sanpurn manorthon ko prapt karke ant men surya lok ko jata hai. dipdan karne ki vidhi: vrati ko chahie ki jis kisi bhi din dipdan karna ho, us din sarvapratham snanadi se shuddh hokar, nimn mantra bolte hue apne ghar ke madhya bhag men ek ghrit kunbh evan jalta hua dipak bhumidev ko arpit karen. mantra: shubham karoti kalyanan arogyan dhanasampadam. shatru buddhi vinashay dipah jyotiah namo'stute.. yah mantra bolakar, dipak ki vidhivat jal, ful, akshat, roli, mauli tatha mishthan adi ke dvara puja karen. tatpashchat vishisht devta evan nau grahon ke lie vishisht rup se taiyar kiya gaya dip apne ishtadev ko samarpit karen. nau grahon ke anusar dipon ke vividh rup: surya: suryadev ko prasann karne ke lie ate ka diya prajjvalit karna chahie. ata ganudhakar uska dipak banakar uske charon taraf mauli lapet deni chahie. tadantar usmen ghi, baÿai dalakar dipdan karna chahie. surya grah ki shanti ke lie tanbe ka dipak bhi banaya jata hai. ko apne ghar bhojan n karke apni bahan ke ghar par hi uske hath se bana hua svadisht bhojan karna chahie. aisa karne se use yam ke bhay se mukti milti hai. kartik mas men suryadev ke prati dipdan ka mahatva: kartik mas men dipavli parva ke atirikt saptami tithi ko ‘surya dev’ ke nimiÿa dipdan karna atyant shreyaskar mana gaya hai. is din tanbe ke patra men dip prajjvalit karke ‘chitrabhanu priyatam’ is mantra ke dvara un sukshm atindriya, sarvabhutamay, ‘he ichandra: chandra grah ki puja ke lie chandi ka dipak sarvadhik upyukt mana gaya hai. mangl: mangal grah ko majbut karne ke lie tanbe ka dipak jalana chahie. iske atirikt chukandar ko dipak ke akar men banakar usmen ghi, baÿai dalakar jalane se mangal grah shant hota hai. budh: budh grah pujan ke lie mitti ka dipak jalana chahie. guru: guru grah ko prasann karne ke lie pital ka dipak jalana chahie. (sone ka dipak bhi jala sakte hain.) shukra: shukra grah ko prasann karne ke lie chaval ke ate ka dipak tatha nariyal ke sakht chilke men shuddh ghi v baÿai dalakar dip jalana atyant kalyankari hota hai. isse shukra grah ki purn kripa prapt hoti hai. shani: shani grah ki shanti ke lie lohe ka dipak prajjvalit kiya jata hai. rahu-ketu: rahu grah shani ki tarah tatha ketu mangal ki tarah acharan karta hai. atah rahu ke lie lohe tatha ketu ke lie mishrit dhatu ka diya jalana chahie. mitti ka diya prayah sabhi devtaon evan navadi grahon ke lie purnataya upyukt mana gaya hai. kisi vishesh anushthan men nib ka dipak tatha patton ke dipkon ko jalane ka bhi vidhan hai. pan ka paÿaa: pan ke paÿo par ghi men duboi gai gol baÿai jalane se vighnon ka nash hota hai. pipal ka paÿaa: pipal ke paÿo par jyot jalane se sabhi rogon ka shaman hota hai. jamun ka paÿaa: aisa mana jata hai ki yadi ‘madhumeh’ ke rogi jamun ke paÿo par baÿai rakhakar jalaen tatha ganesh ji ki niyamit puja karen to daybitij rog men labh hota hai. dipavli parva par lakshmi-prapti ke lie vishesh rup se chandi ka dipak til ka tel evan lal baÿai dalakar prajjvalit karna chahie. jyoti: jalane ke lie hanuman ji evan lakshmi ji ke lie chameli ka tel, shri ganesh, kuber adi ke lie shuddh ghi, tatha surya, chandra, mangal, budh, guru, shukra, shani evan rahu-ketu ke lie kramshah shuddh ghi, chameli ka tel, gay ka ghi, sarson ka tel dalakar dip prajjvalit karna chahier.shvar! dipak ki baÿai: lakshmi, ganesh evan hanuman ji ki kripa prapt karne ke lie lal rang ke vastra se bani ..... ghi dalakar, grahon ke lie kapas se bani baÿai ka prayog karna chahie. yam dvitiya tak uparyukt vidhi se niyamit dipdan evan mahalakshmi pujan karne se shri ganesh evan mahalakshmi tath sabhi grahon ki purn kripa avashya hi prapt hoti hai. unke prasad se hamare ghar men sadaiv dhan samriddhi, khushhali tatha aishvarya adi ki kabhi bhi koi kami nahin rahti hai. jao.’’ vastutah dipavli parva par dipdan evan dip prajjvalit karne ka mukhya prayojan yahi bhavna hai.
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dipavli visheshank  October 2011

dipavli parva ki prachinta, itihas v dharm, vibhinn deshon dipavli jaise anya prakash parva, dipavli ritu parva dharmik parva ke rup men, dipavli pujn: kab aur kaise?

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