पंचदिवसीय महापर्व दीपावली

panchdivsiya mahaparva dipavli  

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panchdivsiya mahaparva dipavli pan. kishor ghildiyal dipavli sanatan dharm sanskriti ka sarvadhik lokapriya parva hai. dhan-samriddhi, khushhali tatha ullas ka yah parva kartik krishnapaksh trayodshi ko shuru hota hai aur kartik shukla dvitiya tak chalta hai. isilie ise panchaparva ki sangya di gai hai. in panch dinon men alg-alag manokamnaon ki purti ke uddeshya se alg-alag parva manae jate hain aur alg-alag devi devtaon ki puja aradhna ki jati hai. dhanatrayodshi (dhanters) yah parva mukhyatah dhanvantari ki jayanti ke rup tatha akal mrityu se raksha hetu manaya jata hai. pauranik kathanusar samudra manthan ke dauran 14 ratnon men ek ayurved ke janak dhanvantari bhi the jo amritakalash lekar prakat hue the. dhanteras ke din rogmukt jivan aur dirghayu ki prapti hetu dhanvantari ke chitra ke samaksh unki puja aradhna karna chahie aur puja archana ke pashchat is shlok ka yathashakti path karna chahie. ek anya mat ke anusar yah parva akal mrityu se raksha ki kamna se bhi manaya jata hai. isi uddeshya se is din log ate ka chaimukhi diya banakar ghar ke bahar ann ki dheri par rakh kar dakshin disha ki or munh karke nimnalikhit shlok ka path karte hain. mrityuna dandapashabhyan kalen shyamya sahan. trayodashyan dipdanat suryajah priyata mam.. is din nae baratan kharidna shubh mana jata hai. manyata hai ki is din baratan kharidne se ghar men lakshmi ka vas hota hai. isilie samaj ke amir-garib sabhi vargon ke log is din ek n ek bartan jarur kharidte hain. narak chaturdashi (choti divali) is parva ko rup chatudarshi bhi kaha jata hai. yah parva narak ki yatna se bachne aur sanmarg par chalne ki kamna se manaya jata hai. is din suryoday se purva snan karne vale logon ke sabhi pap nasht ho jate hain aur narak ki yatna se unki raksha hoti hai. snan se purva apamarg (chirchiri) ki lakri ko 7 bar sir ke charon or ghumakar nimnalikhit shlok ka path kiya jata hai. sitaloshthasamayuktan sakantakalinvat. har papmpamarg bhragyamanah punah punah.. snan ke pashchat apamarg ki lakri ko dakshin disha men visarjit kar diya jata hai. sayankal purvabhimukh hokar chaimukhi dip ka dan kiya jata hai. dipdan karte samay nimnalikhit shlok ka path bhi kiya jatahai. datto dipanshchchatudarshaman narak priptayebhya. chaturvartismayuktah sarvapapanmuktaye.. hanuman ji ka avtar bhi isi din hua tha. islie shraddhalujan is din hanuman mandir men chola charhate hain aur hanuman chalisa v sundrkand ka path karte hain. dipavli dipon ka yah parva lakshmikripa ki prapti ka sabse bara din mana jata hai. dipavli se anek kathaen juri hain. ek katha ke anusar is din bhagvan vishnu ne vamnavtar lekar bare kaushal se daityaraj bali se lakshmi ko ajad karaya tha tatha daityaraj ko yah vardan diya govardhan puja is din bhagvan krishn ne govardhan parvat uthakar samast gokul vasiyon ko indra ke prakop se bachaya tha. tabhi se gavardhan puja ki shuruat hui. is din visheshakar gay, bail adi pashuon ki seva v puja archana ki jati hai tatha gobar se angan lipakar govardhan parvat v shrikrishn bhagvan ki murtiyan banakar unka pujan kar nimn mantra se prarthana ki jati hai aur bhog lagaya jata hai. parva bhai bahnon ke parva ke rup men manaya jata hai. is din pratyek vyakti ko pavitra nadi men snan avashya karna chahie tatha yam ke das namon ka is shlok se smaran karna chahie. yamo nihanta pitri dharmarajau, vaivastrato dandadharashchakalah. bhutadhiyo dantakritanusari, kritant etdshnammirjapet snan ke pashchat bahan ke ghar jakar bhojan karen v use yathashakti bhent ityadi den. yah parva vastutah bhai aur bahan ke prem ka pratik hai. isse donon ke bich prem pragarh hota hai aur bahan ka saubhagya tatha bhai ki ayu barhti hai. is prakar dipavli ke ye panch parva vidhipurvak manane se sabhi manokamnaen purn hoti hain. atah ye panchon parva harshollas se manane chahie. tha ki krishn paksh ki trayodshi, chaturdashi v amavasya ke din prithvi par uska rajya rahega aur in tin dinon men jo koi bhi dipdan kar lakshmi ka avahan karega, lakshmi us par avashya kripa karengi. dipavli parva ke avasar par kamla jayanti manai jati hai. iske atirikt is din ganesh, lakshmi, indra, kuber, sarasvati, bahi khata, tula aur dipmalika ka pujan v arti karne ka vidhan hai. isse lakshmi ki pure varsh bhar kripa bani rahe. ‘‘govardhan dharadhar gokulatrankarak.’’ bahubahukritachchay gavan kotippadobhvan.’’ prativarsh govardhan puja karne se ghar men dhan dhanya, pashudhan samriddhi, ghi dudh adi ki kami nahin hoti tatha akal nahin parta. ise annakut pujan bhi kaha jata hai. bhai duj is parva ko yam dvitiya bhi kaha jata hai. pauranik kathanusar is din yamraj apni bahan yamuna ke nimantran par unke ghar gae, unke hath se bana bhojan kiya tatha unse var mangne ko kaha. yamuna ne var manga ki jo bhai aj ke din apni bahan ke ghar jakar bhojan kare uski raksha ho arthat vah akal mrityu ko prapt nahin ho. yamraj ne unhen yah vardan diya aur chale gae.
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dipavli visheshank  October 2009

dipavli par kie jane vale mahatvapurn anushthan evan puja archanaen, dipavli ka dharmik, samajik evan pauranik mahatva, dipavli par panch parvon ka mahatva evan vidhi, dipavli ki pujan vidhi evan muhurt, dipavli par ganesh-lakshmi ji ki puja hi kyon tatha dipavli par prakash evan atishbaji ka mahatva.

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