टैरो कार्ड का इतिहास एवं परिचय

tairo kard ka itihas evan parichy  

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tairo ka itihas tairo ka udgam sahi rup men to kisi ko bhi pata nahin hai yadyapi amtaur par yahi mana jata hai ki iska prachar v prasar jipsiyon dvara hi hua tha. satya yahi hai ki jipsiyon dvara yah yurop pahunche. jahan in par kafi karya hua. 13vin shatabdi men pahunchne vale in kardon par tin-char shatabdi adhyayn-manan chalu raha aur inka rup parivartit hota gaya. kaha jata hai ki tairo kard ke maujuda rup par muslim jagat ke ‘makluk’ kardon ka kafi prabhav para tha. ‘makluk’ kardon men bhi sut, kaps, sikke, talvaren tatha polo-stiks (svodars tatha stiksa kramshah) ke pratik hote the. tairo ka shuruati prayog itli ke prachlit ek prachin khel ‘tarochchi’ ke lie hi hota tha. tarochchi ek prakar se adhunik tash ke khel brij ka milta-julta rup hai. ‘tarochchi’ abhi bhi duniya ke katipay hisson men khela jata hai yadyapi uske kardon ki maujuda sankhya v banavat tairo kardon se kafi bhinn hai. ek jamane men itli ke rajvaron men tarochchi ek lokapriya khel tha. aj ke prachlit rkai t aira e karda en ka svarup unas e milta-julta hai. is prakar kai kardon ka vikas hua. lekin tairo ka ‘di ful’ kard aur sadharan tash ke jokar men bilkul samya nahin hai. jabki 15vin shatabdi ke as-pas tairo kard men iska prayog praranbh ho gaya tha, ja ekar namak kard ka chalan to unnisvin shatabdi ke praranbh men yukar namak kshetra men hua tha, jahan tairo ka bilkul prachalan nahin tha. in tairo kardon ke irda-gird sabse prathm rahasyamyta ya gurhta ka tana-bana entoini kort di geveliyan ne buna tha. 1781 men peris ke is rajmistri ne sabse pratham inka ullekh kiya tha. usne tairo kardon se juri hui kai kahaniyan prachlit ki thin. aisi manyata hai ki mejar arkana ke karda to kabala se lie gae hain. in karda e n ka e sarva p ratham la ekpi ray banaya tha etila ne jo gebelin ka samkalin tha. usan e ek nib ndh likha tha ‘rivaind end karekted kard d ek’ dvara bhavishya kathan. iski lokapriyata men elifas levi, osvald varth, papus ityadi ka bhi kafi hath raha. frans se in kardon ki lokapriyata inglaind pahunchi. es. el. maithars, e.i., vet tatha e. kaele ka nam is sandarbh men ullekhniya hai. in logon ke samay yurop men in kardon ka prayog aur mahatta kafi barh gai. in logon ka vichar tha ki in kardon ka bhavishyakathan men prayog inke stara ko ‘nicha’ karna hai. adarsh rup se, in logon ke anusar, kai shashvat anubhav men in kardon ka prayog kiya jana chahie. halanki bhavishya kathn men hi in kardon ki upyogita va lokapriyata aj tak kayam hai aur nirantar barh rahi hai. adhyatmik aur darshanik adhar jyotish ko chor kar bhavishya kathn karne vali kisi bhi paddhati ka adhar vaigyanik nahin hai. isi tarah tairo paddhati ka bhi koi vaigyanik adhar nahin hai. han iska adhar adhyatmik a air darsh nik jarur h ai. jisan e bhi is paddhati ka avishkar kiya hoga, us vyakti ka adhyatmik star bahut uncha raha hoga kyonki kardon par jo chitra ankit kie gae hain, unka adhyatmik aur darshanik arth bahut gahra hai. tairo kard n sirfa bhavishya kathan men saksham rahte hain varan apke hriday men gurh rahasyon ki thah lekar apko chamatkrit kar sakte hain. bhartiya jyotish, pashchatya ank shastra ki sahayta se viksit hue yah tairo kard ashcharya janak rup se satik bhavishyavani karte hain. gurh rahasyon ke parkhi logon ke anusar agyat ka purva gyan dene vali is paddhati ki lokapriyata vishva bhar men barh rahi hai to vah koi tukka nahin hai ap bhi dekhie ki yah tir kaise nishane par lagta hai. kai samachar patra isi paddhati k e adhar par rashifal v bhavishyavani ityadi dene lage hain. ajakal har mahattvapurn ghatna tatha koi bara kriket maich, tenis maich, chunav ityadi ke purva har tivi chainal ek tairo kard pathn-satra ka ayojan karta hai jiske dvara ghatna ka sanbhavit parinam ghoshit kiya jata hai. kai bhavishyavaniyan ashcharyajanak rup se sahi sabit hui hain. in chitron ki vyakhya karne vale ka bhi adhyatmik star yadi majbut ho, to vah ek achcha tairo ridar ban sakta hai. tairo kard dek tairo 78 kardon ka dek hota hai jismen 22 kardon ko mejar arkana aur shesh 56 kardon ko mainar arkana kahte hain. in kardon par chitra ankit hote hain jinke adhar par prashn ka uttar diya jata hai. tairo kard vastav men do bhagon men bante hote hain - mejar arkana aur mainr arkana. mejar arkana kardon ko tranp ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. in kardon ko sabse adhik mahatvapurna mana jata hai. in par ankit pratyek chitra apne ap men bahut hi gahre arthon se bhara hota hai. ye sabhi karda grahon, rashiyon, aur prakritik tatvon ka pratinidhitva karte hain. kardon ko kholne par yadi mejar arkana ke kard adhik hane, to yah sthiti bahut hi shubh mani jati hai. mainar arkana men 14-14 kardon ke char set hote hain, jinhen sut bhi kahte hain. in char suton ke nam hanai- vainds, kaps, sva ed r s a air p e ntak ls ja e kramshah agni, pani, hava aur prithvi tatvon ka pratinidhitva karte hain. jaisa ki upar kaha gaya hai, pratyek sut men 14 kard hote hain, jinmane 10 kardon par 1 se 10 (ank aur chitra sut ke nam se) ankit hote hain aur shesh char kard king, kvin, nait aur pej ke nam se jane jate hain. inhen korta kards ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. mainar arkana am jivan ki ghatnaon, gatividhiyon tatha bhavnaon ka pratinidhitva karte hain. ye kard har vyakti ke jivan ke prati hamare khas drishtikon ka parichayak hain. mainar kardon ke char sut mainar kardon ke char sut is prakar hain: 1. chariyan: yah agni tatva ka mana gaya h ai jiska s nb ndh utsah, sahas, gatishilta, srijnshilta aur purush vritti se hai. 2. pyale: yah jal tatva ka mana jata hai jiska sanbandh bhavna, adhyatmikta, parivart nashilta aur stri vritti se hai. 3. talvaren: iska sanbandh vayu tatva se hai jo buddhimatta, vichar aur tark ka pratinidhitva karta hai. yah adarshavadi, nyayapriya, naitik siddhantvadi evan mansik spashtata ka pratik hai. 4. sitare: yah prithvi tatva ka mana jata h ai, jiska s nb ndh vyavharikta, s uraksha a air bhautikta se hai jo samriddhi evan sanpannata ka pratinidhitva karta hai. kort karda char suton men char-char kard korta kard kahlate hain, jinke nam king, kvin, nait v pej hain jo kramshah raja, rani, yoddha aur pyada ke nam se bhi jane jate hain. in chara e n karda e n ki vish eshta is prakar hai: samuh tatva akar jyotishiya rashi chariyan agni karm mesh, sinh, dhanu pyale jal bhavnaen kark, vrishchik, min talvar vayu buddhi mithun, tula, kunbh sitara prithvi dhan vrish, kanya, makr 1. king (raja): king mardangi ka p ratik h ai. isas e s nbaddha vyakti srijnshil, prernadayak, shaktisanpann, karishmai vyaktitva ka, dhani aur bahadur hota hai. 2. kvin (rani): kvin naritva ka pratik hai. isse sanbaddh mahilaen akarshak, komal hriday, bhavuk, hansmukh aur sundar hoti hain. ve amod-pramod priya aur vishva ka har anand prapt karne ki ichchuk hoti hain. unka sanbandh bhavnaon aur atmabhivyakti se rahta hai. 3. nait (yoddha): nait yauvn ka pratik hai. isse sanbaddh vyakti unchi uran bharne vala, joshila, saflta ka ichchuk, apne karma ke prati nishthavan aur imandari se seva karne vala hota hai. 4. pej (pyada): yah ek bachche ka pratik hai jo apne khel khilaune men mast rahta hai. usmen masti, aram aur sfurti ka bhav bhara hota hai. yah sahas ka bhi pratik hai. prayog vidhi tairo kardon ke vibhinn samuh jivn ko prabhavit karne vale vibhinn tatvon ka pratinidhitva karte hain jo kardon par ankit chitron men chupe rahte hain. jatk ka sanbandh jin kardon se banega un kardon ke chitra hi jatak ke bhavishya men hone vali har ghatna ke suchak hote hanai. ye un sthitiyon ka varnan karte hain jo bhutkal men thin aur vartaman aur bhavishya men unka jatak par kya prabhav hoga. jaise jatak ap se kisi vishay par prashn karta hai, to sabse pahle tairo kardon ko vaise hi milaen jaise tash ke patton ko milaya jata hai taki kard achchi tarah mil jaen. fir jatak ko gaddi ko katne ko kahen, aur kate hue kardon ko ek tarf rakh den aur jo kard hath men hain, unhen ek-ek kar ke kholna shuru karen. is tarah se ap 13 kardon ko kholen aur tebal par bicha den. har ek karda ka sanbandh prashn se hoga. kard par ankit chitra ki vyakhya ke anusar ap prashn ka uttar jatak ko den. ar nbh m e n falit karat e samay 13 kardon ko hi liya jata tha, lekin ajakal ise aur asan kar diya gaya hai aur alg-alag sankhya men kardon ka prayog kiya jane laga hai. falit karne vale 3 kardon ka bhi prayog karte hain. iske atirikt 10 ya 12 kardon ko lekar bhi falit kar sakte hain. fir bhi 13 kard aur 10 kard ka seltik-kraes falit ke lie adhik saksham hain. tairo kardon se ek samay men ek hi prashn ka uttar sahi mil sakta hai, sabhi prashnon ke nahin. islie ek samay par ek hi prashn karen. prashna ka uttar bhavishya men hone vali ghatna ka sirf disha-suchak hi hota hai. tairo dvara paramarsha tairo ek prachin dhyanasth sadhna hai, jisse sadhna karne vala chetna ke upri sathon tak pahunch sakta hai. tairo ke patton ke rahasya men jyotish, ank jyotish, pratikvad tatha guhya vidya ka mishran h ai, jisas e bh ut, bhavishya tatha vartaman men gahri pahunch ki kshamata prapt hoti hai. tairo ke patton ka istemal bhavishya kathan, chikitsa, pratibinbit karne, paramarsh d en e k e lie kiya ja sakta hai. in patton se bhut, vartaman, bhavishyafal, karan tatha kaladi ka ganbhir gyan bhi hota hai aur inka upyog faladesh ke lie bhi kiya ja sakta hai. failav: tairo ke kai failav hain, jinmen se ek ka chayan kiya ja sakta hai. û ek hi patta: iska istemal vishesh kar aise prashnon ke lie kiya jata hai, jinka javab ‘han’ ya ‘nahin‘ men diya ja sakta hai. iske lie samuh men se ek patta liya jata hai, jisse ‘han ya nahin‘ men sidha javab prastut kiya ja sakta hai. û tin patton ka failav: is failav dvara adhikatar prashnakatrta par dhyan lagaya jata hai, jaise vah kya sochta hai aur uski paristhitiyan kaisi hain ? uske lie kaun-kaun se vikalpa upalabdh hanai ? ek khas samadhan chune jane par vah uske anurup svayan ko dhal sakega ya nahin ? û seltik kraes failav: iske lie 10 patta e n ka upya eg kiya jata h ai. is f ailav ka sabas e adhik istemal kiya jata hai. yah prashnakatrta ki paristhitiyon, avastha, vibhinn pakshon ke karan tatha prabhav, uska vyaktitva adi tatha anttah bhavishyafal ka vistrit vivaran prastut karta hai. û jyotishiya failav: yah 12 patton ka failav hai aur pratyek patta jyotish ke 12 bhavon ka pratinidhitva karta hai aur vyaktitva, dhan, samajik jivan, sanpatti, vidya, shatru, vaivahik jivan, ayu, bhagya, vyavsay, ay v vyay ke samast pakshon par vistrit vishleshn prapt kiya ja sakta hai. saral vidhi agar apke mastishk men koi prashna hai to uska uttar janne ke lie tairo kard ki gaddi men se tin patte nikalen. pahla nikala gaya patta prashn puchte samay apki mansik sthiti ki jankari deta hai. d usra patta apki ichchap urti h et u vanchit sangharshon ki suchna deta hai. tisra aur antim patta apke prashna ka fal ghoshit karta hai. isliya e apan e p rashn ka parinam janne ke liye use man men dohraen ya use ek kagaz par likh len aur patte nikalen. kard riding ke lie kuch sujhav mul prashn ko kabhi ojhal n hone den vichardhara ke ya vichar-manthan ke madhya men prashn ka sandarbh kabhi nahin badlna chahie. yadi bich men kuch prem sanbandhi kard a gae to apka dhyan mul prashn (man lijie karya-bhavishya) se prem sanbandh par nahin ana chahie. mul vyakhya ek hi prashn ke sandarbha men honi chahie-yah nahin ki vahn s ukh ka vichar karat e h ue ap mausam ke bare men bhavishyavani kar den ya prem sanbandhon par vichar karte hue alu-gobhi ka bhav batane lagen. yadi vyakhya ke dauran ap kisi dusre prashn ki taraf akrisht hote hain to yatha samay usko bhi puchie parantu pahle prashn ke bad. do bar katai n puchen ek hi prashn ko ek din men dubara pucha jana varjit hai. yadi prashn ke uttar se ap santusht nahin hon to shant rahie. yah to jivan ka hissa hai. har samay hi apki har jigyasa puri tarh shant kahan ho pati hai. jaise apko kisi prashn ka pratyashit uttar nahin milta to yah bhi usi jivan ka hissa hai jo manchahi gati se ek nishchit disha men nahin jata. yad rakhie, uttar us vakt ki karyart urja hai, unki tivrata ya spashtata par nirbhar karta hai. bhavishya men parivartana ta e a hi sakta h ai. j ais e-j ais e apki urjaon men parivartan aega, bhavishya bhi usi ke anusar parivartit hota jaega. fir, yadi koi bat aj asantusht chorti hai to uske bare men kal ya dusre din pucha ja sakta hai. achche prashn hi puchen vastav men achche prashnon se hi uttama prashn paida hote hain. han /n jaise prashna puchne ke bajae aise prashn puchen jinmen spashtata jyada ho - jaise ajkl mere rishte kis disha ki or ja rahe hain ? ya yadi main yah naukri svikar kar lun to mera bhavishya kaisa hoga ? is prakar ke prashn se n sirfa prashnakarta ki mansik sthiti jyada ujagar hogi, anya sanlagn logon ka prabhav bhi spasht prakat ho jaega. han/n prashna ‘han/n’ ya ‘yah ki vah’ jaise prashnon ke lie 2 kardon vala spraid (ya bichav) sahi rahta hai. yah bichav in savalon ke lie bhi thik rahta hai jaise: nai vashing mashin kharidi jae ki purani ki marammat karva li jae? ityadi. pathan satra men patton ka ulta ana unke rinatmak paksh ko ingit karta hai.
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tairo visheshank  August 2015

fyuchar samachar ke tairo kard visheshank men falakathan ki lokapriya paddhati ke parichay, itihas, patton ki vyakhya adi vishyon par akarshak v saragarbhit lekhon ke atirikt samyik charcha ke antargat guru ke gochriya prabhav ko shamil kiya gaya hai. is ank men manbi bandopadhyay ke jivan par satya katha, bharat charitra, edolf hitalar ki jivni ka jyotishiya vishleshan, naitik dhang se vash men karne ke lie kya karen?, panchang dekhe bina tithi batana adi lekh bahut rochak hanai. vichar goshthi men prakritik apda ke jyotishiya karnon ki vyakhya ki gai hai. visheshakar mahilaon ke lie jyotish evan mahilaen namak shirshak ke antargat ap aur apke jivan sathi ke bare men apki rashi ke adhar par bataya gaya hai. anya sthayi stambhon men shravan mas men vishisht shiv sadhnaon ke bare men rochak jankari di gai hai. panch-pakshi, vastu paramarsh, aspatal ka vastu, grah gochar evan vyapar, muhurt evan pachang sambandhi jankari tatha hailth kaipsul drishtavya hain.

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