दक्षिणावर्ती शंख

dakshinavarti shankh  

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bhartiya sanskriti men shankh ki apar mahima evan upyogita batai gai hai. samriddhi aur ayu ke vardhan aur daridrata ke shaman ke sath-sath devi-devtaon ke pujan men, jyotish aur tantrik sadhnaon men evan shubh karya ke praranbh men iski vishesh upyogita batai gai hai. shankh bhagvan vishnu ke chaturbhaj svarup men unke ek hath ka abhushan hai. mahabharat men bhagvan krishn ne panchajanya shankh bajakar yuddh ki shuruat ki thi. ayurved men shankh bhasm anek prakar ke rogon ko dur karne ke lie prayog men lai jati hai. yog mane bhi shankh mudra ka varnan hai. bauddh dharm men shankh asht mangal (shankh, shrivats, matsya, padm, chatra, kalash, chakra, dhvaj) padarthon men se ek hai. puranon ke anusar shankh ki utpaÿia samudra manthan se hui thi. shankh samudra men lagabhag sabhi jagah pae jate hain. maldiv, shri lanka, andman nikobar, hind mahasagar, arab sagar v prashant mahasagar men mukhya rup se pae jate hain. shankh ek samudri jiv ka bahri hissa hota hai. prakriti men pachas hajar se bhi adhik prakar ke shankh pae jate hain - kuch khare pani men to kuch mithe pani men. inke akar ek mili mitar se chalis inch tak ke hote hain. ye ek gram se kai kilo tak ke vajan men anek rangon men paen jate hain. shankhnad se anek prakar ke kitanuon ka nash hota hai. varah puran men kaha gaya hai ki mandir ke darvaje khulne v koi dharmik karya praranbh karne se pahle shankh avashya bajana chahie. shankh ke bajane se satvik spandan (vaibreshn) ka sanchar hota hai aur tamsik v rajsik spandan (vaibreshn) samapt ho jata hai. shankh ko bajane se vatavaran ki nakaratmak urja samapt aur sakaratmak urja utpann hoti hai. isse asha, atmabal, shakti v drirhta barhti hai tatha bhay dur hota hai. iske atirikt shraddha v vishvas jagrit hota hai tatha bhagya aur sukh-samriddhi men vriddhi hoti hai. aisa mana jata hai ki brahmand evan shankh ki akriti saman hai. shankh ke andar ka ghera brahmand ki kundli (spairl) ki tarah hota hai. shankh men gunjne vala svar brahmand ki gunj ke saman hai. ¬ shabd ki gunj bhi shankh ke dvara gunjayman dhvani jaisi hi hoti hai. rudrabhishek ya kisi devta ka jalabhishek karte samay shankh men jal ya dudh bharakar dala jae to pap nasht hote hain v sukh-samriddhi men vriddhi hoti hai. iske dhara mukh par ganga aur sarasvati, madhya men prajapti evan sir par surya, chandra tatha varun ka sthan mana gaya hai. adhikatar shankh vamavarti hote hain. dakshinavarti shankh das pratishat se bhi kam pae jate hain. yah janne ke lie ki shankh dakshinavarti hai ya vamavarti uske mastak ko apni or v dhara mukh ko bahar ki or rakhen. yadi dayan bhag khula ho to vah dakshinavarti aur yadi bayan bhag khula ho to vamvarti hoga. samanyatah dakshinavarti shankh ko baen hath se pakrne men aur vamavarti shankh ko daen hath se pakrne men suvidha hoti hai. vamavarti shankh ko daen hath se pakar kar bajaya ja sakta hai. dakshinavarti shankh ko daen hath se pakar kar bajane men asuvidha hoti hai. islie bajane vale shankh vamavarti hi hote hain. mukhyatah dakshinavarti shankh bharat ke dakshin men hind mahasagar men paya jata hai. jiv vigyan men ise tarbinela payaram kaha jata hai. dakshinavarti shankh mukhyatya jalabhishek evan tarpan adi men upyog men lae jate hain. lekin inki kuch kismen bajane vali bhi pai jati hain. inka upyog bajane men prachlit nahin hai, kyonki ye keval baen hath se pakarakar hi bajae ja sakte hain. shankh ki maulikta ki pahchan eksa-re dvara ki jati hai. kabhi-kabhi shankh ke doshon ko dur karne ke lie kritrim rup se uski paudar dvara filing kar di jati hai ya kone adi bana die jate hain. yah kathan satya nahin hai ki keval mahange shankh ya tarbinela payaram jati ke shankh hi dakshinavarti shankh hote hain. dakshinavarti shankh anek kismon men pae jate hain. kisi men rekhaen hoti hanai kisi men nahin. bina rekhaon vale shankh bhi nakli nahin hote- keval anya sadharan tatha prapt jati ke hote hanai aur inhen bhi dakshinavarti shankh ki tarah mana v puja gaya hai. inke fal kisi bhi prakar se mahange ya aprapt jati ke dakshinavarti shankh ke barabar hi hote hain. dakshinavarti shankh ke upyog: dakshinavarti shankh se lakshmi ji ki puja ki jati hai - iske bina lakshmi ji ki aradhna puja safal nahin mani jati. dakshinavarti shankh se pitri-tarpan karne par pitron ki shanti hoti hai. dakshinavarti shankh men jalabhar kar garbhavati stri ko sevan karane se santan svasth v rog mukt hoti hai. dakshinavarti shankh se shaligram v sfatik shri yantra ko snan karane se vaivahik jivan sukhamay aur lakshmi ka chir sthayi vas hota hai. chandra grah ki pratikulta se hone vale shvas v hriday rogon ki shanti ke lie dakshinavarti shankh ki nitya puja karen. dakshinavarti shankh ki sthapna se vastu doshon ka nivaran hota hai.
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shankh visheshank  August 2009

jyotish men shankh ka kya mahatva hai, vibhinn shankhon ki upyogita, shankh kahan-kahan pae jate hai, shankh kitne prakar ke hote hai tatha ghar men ya pujasthal par kaun sa shankh rakha jana chahie aur kyon? yah visheshank shankhon se apka purn parichay karane men madad karega.

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