जैन धर्म के 12 पवित्र तीर्थ स्थल

jain dharm ke 12 pavitra tirth sthal  

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1. shri sammed shikhrji (giridih, jharkhand) jain dharm men sammed shikhrji ko sabse bara tirth sthal mana jata hai. yah bhartiya rajya jharkhand men giridih jile men chotanagpur pathar par sthit ek pahar par sthit hai. is pahar ko pashrvanath parvat kaha jata hai. shri sammed shikhrji ke rup men charchit is punya sthal par jain dharm ke 24 men se 20 tirthankron (sarvochch jain guruon) ne moksh prapt kiya tha. yahin par 23ven tirthankar bhagvan pashrvanath ne bhi nirvan prapt kiya tha. jain dharm ke 24 tirthankron men se prathm jain dharm ke 12 pavitra tirth sthala tirthankar bhagvan ‘adinath’ arthat bhagvan rishbhdev ne kailash parvat par, 12ven tirthankar bhagvan vasupujya ne chanpapuri, 22ven tirthankar bhagvan neminath ne girnar parvat aur 24ven aur antim tirthankar bhagvan mahavir ne pavapuri men moksh prapt kiya. 2. ayodhya kulkron ki kramshah kul paranpra ke satven kulakar nabhiraj aur unki patni marudevi se rishbhdev ka janma chaitra krishn navmi ko ayodhya men hua tha islie ayodhya bhi jain dharma ke lie tirth sthal hai. ayodhya men adinath ke alava ajitnath, abhinandnnath, sumitnath aur anantnath ka bhi janm hua tha islie yah jain dharm ke lie bahut hi pavitra hai. ayodhya ke raja nabhiraj ke putra rishabh apne pita ki mrityu ke bad raj sinhasan par baithe aur unhonne krishi, shilp, asi (sainya shakti), fyuchar paeint ke saujanya se masi (parishram), vanijya aur vidya in 6 ajivika ke sadhnon ki vishesh rup se vyavastha ki tatha desh v nagron evan varn v jatiyon adi ka suvibhajan kiya. inke do putra bharat aur bahubli tatha do putriyan brahmi aur sundri thin jinhen unhonne samast kakshaen v vidyaen sikhain. inke putra bharat ke nam par hi is desh ka nam bharat rakha gaya tha. 3. kailash parvat rishbhdev ko hindu vrishbhdev kahte hain. vaise unka bhav chihn bhi vrishabh hi hai. vrishabh ka arth hota hai bail. bhagvan shiv ko adinath bhi kaha jata hai aur rishbhdev ko bhi. kailash parvat par hi rishbhdev ko kaivalya gyan prapt hua tha. nath kahne se ve nathon ke nath hain. ve jainiyon ke hi nahin, hindu aur sabhi dharmon ke tirthankar hain, kyonki ve parm prachin adinath hanai. rishbhdev svayanbhu manu se panchvin pirhi men is kram men hue- svayanbhu manu, priyavrat, agnighra, nabhi aur fir rishabh. kulakar nabhiraj se hi ikshvaku kul ki shuruat mani jati hai. 4. bhagvan pashrvanath ki janmabhumi varansi bhagvan pashrvanath jain dharm ke 23ven tirthakar hain. unse purva shraman dharm ki dhara ko am janta men pahchana nahin jata tha. pashrvanath se hi shramnon ko pahchan mili. pashrvanath ne char gunon ya sanghon ki sthapna ki. pratyek gan ek ganadhar ke antargata karya karta tha. aisa mana jata hai ki mahatma buddh ke adhikansh purvaj bhi pashrvanath dharm ke anuyayi the. pashrvanath ka janm paush krishn dashmi ya ekadshi ke din varansi men hua tha. unke pita ashvasen varansi ke raja the. inki mata ka nam ‘vama’ tha. bhagvan pashrvanath 30 varsh ki ayu men hi grih tyagkr sannyasi ho gae. chaitra krishn paksh ki chaturthi ko apne diksha grahan ki. 83 din tak kathor tapasya karne ke bad 84 ven din unhen chaitra krishna paksh ki chaturthi ko sammed shikhar par hi kaivalya gyan ki prapti hui. vahin shravan shukla ki ashtami ko sammed shikhar par nirvan prapt hua. kaivalya gyan ke pashchat chaturyam (satya, ahinsa, astey, aprigrah) ki shiksha di. gyan prapti ke uprant 70 varsh tak apne apne mat aur vicharon ka prachar-prasar kiya tatha 100 varsh ki ayu men deh tyag di. 5. tirtharaj kundlpur isa se 599 varsh pahle vaishali gantantra ke kshatriya kundlpur men pita siddharth aur mata trishla ke yahan tisri santan ke rup men chaitra shukla teras ko vardhaman ka janma hua. yahi vardhaman bad men svami mahavir bane. vardhaman ke bare bhai ka nam tha nandivardhan v bahan ka nam tha sudarshana. mahavir svami ke mata-pita jain dharm ke 23vane tirthankr pashrvanath ke anuyayi the. kundlpur bihar ke nalanda jile men sthit hai. yah sthan patna se 100 kilomitar aur bihar sharif se matra 15 kilomitar dur hai. is sthan ko jain dharm men kalyanak kshetra mana jata hai. 6. pavapuri pavapuri vah sthan hai, jahan jain dharma ke 24ven tirthankar bhagvan mahavir svami ne 72 varsh ki umra men 527 isa purva men nirvan prapt kiya tha. yah sthan bihar men nalanda jile men sthit hai. iske samip hi rajgir aur bodhgya hai. mahavir ke nirvan ka suchak ek stup abhi tak yahan khandahar ke rup men sthit hai. stup se prapta inten rajgir ke khandhron ki inton se milti-julti hain jisse donon sthanon ki samkalinta siddh hoti hai. yahan ek sarovar hai jiske jal ke andar jal mandir bana hua hai. mana jata hai ki bhagvan mahavir ka antim sanskar isi kamal sarovar ke madhya kiya gaya tha. yahan kai nae aur prachin jain mandir hain. yahin par ek samavasharan jain mandir hai. mana jata hai ki mahavir svami ji ne yahan apna antim pravachan diya tha. 7. girnar parvat girnar parvat par 22ven tirthankr bhagvan neminath ne kaivalya gyan (moksha) prapt kiya tha. yah siddha kshetra mana jata hai. yahan se neminath svami ke alava 72 karor 700 muni moksh gae hain. kathiyavar men junagarh steshan se 4-5 mil ki duri par girnar parvat ki talhti hai. pahar par 7,000 sirhiyan charhne ke bad prabhu ke darshan hote hain. mul mana aur use saiddhantik rup diya. 8. chanpapuri 12ven tirthankar bhagvan vasupujya ne chanpapuri men moksh prapt kiya tha. vasupujya svami ka janm chanpapuri ke 3137 isvi purva men hue 22ven tirthankr neminath ka ullekh hindu aur jain puranon men spasht rup se milta hai. neminath mathura ke yadvvanshi raja andhkvrishni ke jyeshth putra samudravijy ke putra the. andhkvrishni ke sabse chote putra vasudev ke putra bhagvan shrikrishna the. is prakar tirthankar neminath aur bhagvan shrikrishn donon chachere bhai the. neminath ki mata ka nam shiva tha. neminath ka vivah junagarh ke raja ugrasen ki putri rajulmti se tay hua tha. vivah ke dauran hi ek hinsatmak ghatna se unke man men virakti a gai aur ve tatkshana hi vivah chorakar girnar parvat par tapasya ke lie chale gae. kathin tap ke bad vahan unhonne kaivalya gyan prapt kar shraman paranpra ko pushta kiya. ahinsa ko dharmik vritti ka ikshvaku vansh men falgun mas ke krishna paksh ko shatbhisha nakshatra men hua tha. inki mata ka nam jayadevi aur pita ka nam raja vasupujya tha. diksha prapti ke pashchat ek mah tak kathin tap karne ke bad chanpapuri men hi ‘patl’ vriksh ke niche vasupujya ko magh ki duj ko ‘‘kaivalya gyan’’ ki prapti hui thi. asharh mas ke shukla paksh ki chaturdashi ko chanpapuri men hi apko nirvan prapt hua. 9. shravnbelgola yah prachin tirthasthal bhartiya rajya karnatak ke bhaiya jile men shravnbelgola ke gommateshvar sthan par sthit hai. yahan par bhagvan bahubli ki vishalkay pratima sthapit hai, jo purnatah ek hi patthara se nirmit hai. is murti ko banane men murtikar ko lagabhag 12 varsh lage. bahubli ko gomteshvar bhi kaha jata tha. shravlbelgola men gommateshvar dvar ke bain or ek pashan par shak pradesh van kukkuton tatha sarpon se vyapt ho gaya jisse log bahubli ko hi kukkuteshvar kahne lage. bhayanak jangal hone ke karan yahan koi pahunch nahin pata islie yah murti logon ki smriti se lupt ho gai. gang vanshiya rayamalla ke mantri chamunda ray ne is murti ka vrittant sunkr iske darshan karne chahe, kintu podnpur ki yatra kathin samjhkr shravnbelgola men unhonne podnpur ki murti ke anurup hi gommateshvar ki murti ka nirman karvaya. gommateshvar ki murti sansar ki vishalatam murtiyon men se ek mani jati hai. shravnbelgola men chandragiri aur vindhyagiri nam ki do pahariyan pas-pas hain. pahar par 57 fut unchi bahubli ki pratima virajman hai. har 12 varsh bad mahamastakabhishek hota hai. 10. bavngja (chulgiri) madhya pradesh ke barvani shahar se 8 kimi. dur sthit is pavitra sthala men jain dharm ke pratham tirthankr rishbhdevji (adinath) ki 84 fut unchi uttung pratima hai. satpura ke manoram pahariyon mane sthit yah pratima bhure rang ki hai aur ek hi patthar ko tarashakar banai gai hai. san 1166 se 1288 ke bich arkakirti dvara pratishthapit satpura ki chotiyon se ghiri hui chulgiri (malvdesh-barvani) men adinath ki khadgasan pratima hai. ek shilalekh ke anusar sanvat 1516 men bhattarak ratnkirti ne bavnganja mandir ka jirnonddhar karaya aur bare mandir ke pas 10 jinalay banvae the. madhyakal men yah pratima upeksha ka shikar rahi tatha garmi, barsat aur tej havaon ke thaperon se kafi jarjar ho gai. jab diganbar jain samuday ka dhyan is or tha to unhonne bhartiya puratatva vibhag ke adhikariyon aur injiniyaron ke sath milakar pratima ke jirnoddhar ki yojna banai. vikram sanvat 1979 men pratima ka jornoddhar hua. iske falasvarup pratima ke donon or gailri bana di gai aur ise dhup aur barsat se bachane ke lie is par 40 fut lanbe aur 15 fut chaire gardar dalkr upar tanbe ki parten dalakar chat bana di gai. malvdev men aur gopgiri (gvaliyar) ki adinath ki pratima gvaliyar men hai. ek narmada nadi ke kinare to dusri svarn rekha nadi ke kinare hai. donon hi siddhakshetra hain. chulgiri se indrajit aur kunbhakarn mukt hue tatha gopachal se supratishthit kevli moksh gae hain. 11. chandkheri kota ke nikat khanpur nam ka ek prachin nagar hai. khanpur se 2 farlang ki duri par chandkheri nam ki purani basti hai. yahan bhugarbh men ek ativishal jain mandir hai evan anek vishal jain pratimaen hain. dakshin-purvi rajasthan kota jankshana (kota) se 8 ki.mi. dakshin men sthit jhalvar jile ke khanpur kasbe ke nikat chandkheri rupali nadi ke kinare sthit hai. yahan sthit mandir ke mul garbhagrih men ek vishal tal-prakoshth hai jismen bhagvan adinath ki lal pashan ki padmasnavastha ki pratima pratishthit hai. shravnbelgola ke bahubli ki pratima ke uprant yah bharat ki dusri manogya pratima hai. darasal, yah mukhya pratima is kshetra se 6 mil dur barha pati parvatmala ke ek hisse men barson se dabi hui thi. 12. palitana jain tirtha palitana jain mandir gujrat ke bhavanagar se 51 kilomitar ki duri par shatrunjya pahar par sthit hai. palitana ke jain mandir uttara bhartiya vastushilp ke anusar banae gae hain. shatrunjya paharon ki shrinkhlaon par 900 se adhik mandir sthit hain. 11vin sadi men bane in mandiron ko do bhagane men banaya gaya hai. shatrunjya par sthit jain mandir pahle tirthankar rishbhdev ko samarpit hai. yahan par pramukh jain mandiron men adinath, vimlshah, sampratiraja kumarpal, chaimukh adi ke nam ka ullekh hai. palitana jain mandir jainiyon ke lie ek pramukh tirth ka darja rakhta hai atah jain dharm ko manne vale yahan avashya hi darshanartha ate hain.
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bhagvan mahavir visheshank  April 2016

fyuchar samachar ka is mah ka visheshank jain dharm ko samarpit hai. jain dharm ko prachin dharmon men se ek mana jata hai. is visheshank ke antargat jain dharm ke sabhi pakshon ko pesh karne ka prayas kiya gaya hai. is visheshank ke andar ati vishisht lekhon ko jagah di gai hai. in lekhon ke atirikt jyotish, vastu evan ankshastra adi ke lekh bhi purva ki bhanti hi sammilit kie gaye hain. jaise- bhukhandon ka shrenikaran, di san, vastu sammat plaet, sheyar bajar men mandi-teji, grah sthiti evan vyapar, kuch upyogi totke, ap aur apke prem sambandh, balidan ki pratimurti nirja bhanot adi. inke atirikt jain dharm par prakashit lekh is prakar hain- jain dharm itihas ki najar men, jain dharm ka karm siddhant, jain shiksha evan sandesh, ahinsa men sthirta ke prerak bhagvan mahavir, chaturmas - kya karen aur kya n karen, jain dharm ke pramukh parva adi.

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