क्यों मनाते है।  शिवरात्रि ?

kyon manate hai. shivratri ?  

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kyon manate hain shivratri? pan. brajkishor ‘brajvasi’ mahashiv ratri vrat prativarsh bhutbhavan sadashiv mahakaleshvar bhagvan shankar ke prasannarth aur svalabharth falgun, krishn paksh chaturdashi ko kiya jata hai. isko prativarsh ‘nitya’ aur kamna se karne se yah ‘kamya’ hota hai. falgun krishn chaturdashi ko, ardharatri ke samay, shivlingtyodbhutah kotisuryasamaprabhah. is din shiv ling ka pradurbhav hua tha. is karan yah mahashiv ratri mani jati hai. is vrat ko varn aur varnetar sabhi saman rup se kar sakte hain. nahin karne vala dosh ka bhagidar hota hai. is varsh mahashiv ratri ka pavan parva 6.3.2008 guruvar ko nishchit hai. mahashiv ratri vrat nirnay shiv ling ke prakat hone ke samyanusar falgun krishn chaturdashi ki ratri mahashiv ratri ke nam se jani jati hai tatha anya mason ki krishn chaturdashi shiv ratri ke nam se. siddhant rup men suryoday se suryoday paryant rahne vali chaturdashi shuddha nishith (ardharatri) vyapini grahya hoti hai. yadi yah shiv ratri trisprisha (trayodshi-chaturdashi- amavasya ke sparsh ki) ho, to parmottam mani gayi h.ai masik shiv ratri m,ne kachu vidvanane ke matanusar, trayodshi viddha bahut rat tak rahne vali chaturdashi li jati hai. ismen jaya trayodshi ka yog adhik faldayi hota hai. smrityantre'pi pradoshavyapini grahya shivratriah chaturdashi. ratrau jagrnan yasmantasmantan samuposhyet.. atra pradosho ratriah . uttarardh e tasya n hate tu vake tahe . smatri yatan r mane bhi kaha gaya hai, ki shiv ratri men chatdu shar ai padra ashe avyapini gahra n kar.ne ratri men jagaran karen. atah usmen upvas karen. yahan par pradosh shabd se matalab ratri ka grahan hai. uttarardh men uska karan bataya gaya hai: kamke'pi- adityastamaye kale asti chedya chaturdashi. tadratriah shivratriah syatsa bhavedanutmottama.. kamik men bhi kaha gaya hai ki surya ke ast samay men yadi chaturdashi ho, to us ratri ko shiv ratri kahte hain. vah uttamottam hoti hai. adhi rat ke pahle aur adhi rat ke bad jahan chaturdashi yukt ho, usi tithi men hi vrati shiv ratri vrat karen. adhi rat ke pahle aur adhi rat ke bad yadi chaturdashi yukt n ho, to vrat ko n karen, kyonki vrat karne se ayu, aishvarya ki hani hoti hai. madhav mat se ishan sanhita men kaha gaya hai, ki jis tithi men adhi rat ko prapt kar chaturdashi ki prapti hoti hai, usi tithi men hi meri prasannata se manushya apni kamnaon ke lie vrat karen. adhi rat ke bad chaturdashi ko sada vatra karan e val e vrat kar.ne nishith ke pahle din aur pradosh men dusre din ekdesh ki vyapti men to purva hi grahan karen, kyonki jaya yog ki prashansa hai. anyanya vidvanon ka bhi yahi mat prashansniya hai. shiv pujan vidhan kyonki yah vrat sabhi varnon (brahman, kshatriya,vaishya,shudra) aur achut samuday ke stri-purush aur bal, yuva, vriddh ke lie manya hai, atah avashyak nahin ki pratyek vyakti mantron aur puja vidhi ka gyan rakhta ho. atah apne bhakti bhav aur shraddha ke anusar hi shiv pujan karen. dhan ka samathrya ho, to vidvan brahmanon se vidhi-vidhan se pujan sanpann karaen. rudrabhishek, rudri path, panchakshar mantra ka jap adi karaen. sadharntya vrati ko chahie ki vrat ke din pratah snanadi ke bad din bhar shiv smaran karen aur sany kal men fir snan kar ke bhasm ka tripundra tilak aur rudraksh ki mala dharan kar ke, gandh pushpadi sabhi prakar ki pujan samagri sahit, shiv ke samip purva ya uttar mukh baith kar shiv ji ka yathavidhi pujan karen. ratri ke pratham prahar men sankalp kar ke dudh se snan tatha ‘¬ hraun ishanay namah’ ka jap karen. dvitiya prahar men dadhi snan kar ne ev n matran ‘¬ hara nai aghare ay namah’ ka jap karen. tritiya prahar men ghrit snan evan mantra ‘¬ hraun vamdevay namah’ tatha chaturth prahar men madhu snan evan ‘¬n hraun sadyojatay namah’ mantra se pujan aur jap karen. un namah shivay evan shivay namah mantra se bhi sanpurn puja vidhi tatha dhyan, asan, padya, aghrya, achaman, snan, payah snan, dadhi snan, ghrit snan, madhu snan, sharkara snan, panchamrit snan, gandhodak snan, shuddhodak snan, abhishek, vastra, yagyaopvit, upavastra, gandh, sugandhit dravya, akshat, pushpamala, bilva patra, nana parimal dravya, dhup, dip, naivedya, karodvartan (chandan ka lep), ritufal, tanbul-pungifal, dakshina- ¬ bhurbhuvah svah shri narmadeshvar sanbsdashivay namah- uparyukt upcharon ka, jaise dhyanan nam le kar ‘samarpayami’ kah kar paju a sapan nn kar.ne panu: arti kapur adi se purn kar pradakshina, pushpajanli, shashtang pranam kar pujan karm shivarpan karen. charon prahar ka pujan karen. shiv ratri vrat parna vichar parna ke lie ‘vratante paranam’,‘tithyante paranam’ adi vakyon ke anusar vrat ki samapti men paran kiya jata hai. kintu shiv ratri ke vrat men yah visheshtahai, ki ‘tithi namev sarvasamupvasavratadishu. tithyante parnan kuryadvina shiv chaturdashim’.. (smrityantr) shiv ratri ke vrat ka paran chaturdashi men hi karna chahie aur yah purvaviddha (pradoshnishitho bhayavyapini) chaturdashi hone se hi ho sakta hai. mahashiv vrat saransh katha ek samay naimisharanya tirth men shaunkadi rishiyon ne sut ji ko pranam kar shiv ratri vrat ke sanbandh men prashn kiya ki he sut ji ! purva kal men kisne is uttam shiv ratri vrat ka palan kiya tha aur anjan men bhi is vrat ka palan kar ke kisne kaun sa fal prapt kiya tha ? iska uttar unhen aise mila: ek bar ek dhanvan manushya kusangavash shiv ratri ke din shiv mandir men gaya. ek saubhagyavti stri vahan bhaktipurvak pujan men lin thi. tab dhanik ne uske abhushan chura liye. vahan upasthit janon ne uske kritya se kshubdh ho kar use mar dala. kintu chori ke lie vah ath prahar bhukha-pyasa rah kar jagta raha tha, isi karan svatah vrat ho jane se shivji ne usko sadgati di. shiv ratri vrat ka labh anek vidvanon ne is vrat se hone vale labhon par prakash dala hai, yatha: ‘mam bhaktastu yo devi shivratri muposhkah. ganatvamakshayan divyamakshayan shivshasanam. sarvan bhuktva mahabhogan tato mokshamavapnuyat.. iti skand purane. skand puran men kaha hai ki he devi, jo mera bhakt shiv ratri men upvas karta hai, use kshay n hone vala divya gan banata hun. yah shiv ki shiksha hai. vah sab mahabhogon ko bhog kar ant men moksh ko prapt karta hai. ‘dvadsha dvikmetasmachchatu rvinshadvikan tu va. iti tatraiveshansanhita vachnat kamyata. ishan sanhita ka vachan hai ki yah barah varsh ya chaibis varsh ke papon ka nash karta h.ai isas e isam ne kamyata hai. ‘tatraiv- shivratri vratan nam sarvapap vinashanam. achandal manushyanan bhukti mukti pradayakam.’ shiv ratri nam vala vrat sab papon ka shaman karne vala hai. achandalant (chandal paryant) manushyon ko bhukti tatha mukti ko dene vala hai. ‘tatha akhandit vrato yo hi shivratri muposhyet. sarvan kamanvapnoti shiven sah modte.’ jo manushya akhandit vrat ko, vrati ho kar, shiv ratri men upvas karta hai, uski sari ichchaen purn hate i hai n tatha shiv ke sath vah andan karta hai. ‘kashchit punyavisheshen vrathino'pi yah puman. jagran kurute tatra s rudra samtan vrajet.. jo purush vrat se hin bhi kabhi punya vishesh se shiv ratri men jagaran karta hain, vah rudra ke barabar hota hai. ityadi skand puran ka vachan hai, vah anukul hone se, ashakt vishayak hai. sanpurn shastron tatha anek prakar ke dharmon ke vishay men bhali bhanti vichar kar ke is shiv ratri vrat ko sabse uttam bataya gaya hai. is lok men anekanek prakar ke vrat, vividh tirth, nana prakaren dan, anek prakar ke yagya, tarh-tarah ke tap tatha jap adi bhi is vrat ki samanta nahin kar sakte. atah apne hit sadhnarth sabhi ko is vrat ka avashya palan karna chahie. yah shiv ratri vrat param mangalamay aur divyatapurn hai. isse sada sarvada bhog aur moksh ki prapti hoti hai. yah shubh shiv ratri vrat vratraj ke nam se vikhyat hai evan charon purusharthon ko dene vala hai. ho sake to ukt vrat ko jivan paryant karen ; nahin to chaidah varsh ke bad, purn vidhi-vidhan ke sath, udyapan kar den.
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baglamukhi visheshank  March 2008

baglamukhi ka rahasya evan parichay, baglamukhi devi ka mahatmya, baglamukhi tantra mantra evan yantra ka mahatva evan upyog, baglamukhi ki upasna vidhi, baglamukhi upasna men samagriyon ka mahatva is visheshank se jana ja sakta hai.

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