उपरत्न : गुण एवं पहचान

uparatn : gun evan pahchan  

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uparatna: gun evan pahchan gopal raju ratn n keval abhushnon ki hi shobha barhate hain balki inmen daivik shakti bhi vidyaman hoti hai. ratnon ki sankhya kafi bari hai. parantu 84 ratnon ko hi manyata prapt hai. 9 mukhya ratn kramshah, manikya, moti, munga, panna, pukhraj, hira, nilam, gomed aur lahsuniya navaratn ki shreni men pratishthit hain. in navaratnon ke alava jo ratn hain unhen uparatn kaha jata hai. kathorta, tikaupan, chamak damak, paradarshita men ye uparatn piche nahin hain. vibhinn uparatnon ki pahchan is prakar hai.

1. sunhla: sunhre rang vala yah ratn paradarshi hota hai.

2. kataila: yah paradarshi aur halke baingni rang ka hota hai.

3. sfatik: safed billaur hi sfatik kahlata hai.

4. dana-e-firang: yah hare rang ka ratn hai.

5. firoja: yah aparadarshi ratn asmani rang ka hota hai.

6. jabrjd: abhayukt yah ratn hare rang ka hota hai.

7. turmuli: yah vibhinn rangon men milta hai.

8 opl: yah prayah shvet varn ka hota hai aur ismen rang -birange chakatte hote hain.

9. sang sitara: gehuen rang ka yah aparadarshi ratn sunhre rangon se yukt hota hai.

10. jirkaen: yah prayah shvet varn ka hota hai. yah anya rangon men bhi upalabdh hota hai.

11. mah -e-mariyam: yah matmaile se rang ka hota hai. is par pile rang ki ari-tirchi rekhaon ka jal sa hota hai.

12. gan metl: yah kale rang ka chamkdar ratn hai. yah shani ka uparatn hai.

13. lajavarta: yah nil varn ka hota hai. iski satah par chandi aur svarn ke rang ke dhabbe spasht dekhe ja sakte hain. yah shani ka uparatn hai.

14. tamra: yah gahre lal rang ka tatha kalapan lie hota hai. yah manikya ka uparatn hai.

15. chandrakant mani: godanti nam se prachlit yah mani moti ka uparatn hai.

16. maknatis: yah kale rang ka chamkdar patthar hai, ise chunbak bhi kahte hain. yah shani ka uparatn hai.

17. kala star: kale rang ke is patthar ki satah par chamkila sa tara spasht dikhai deta hai. yah shani ka uparatn hai.

18 taigr: is ratn ki satah par sher ki khal ki tarah pili tatha kali dhariyan hoti hain.

19. margj: yah hare tatha nile rang ka ratn hota hai. ise budh tatha shani ka uparatn mana jata hai.

20. aeneksa: yah hare tatha nile rang men milta hai. yah bhi shani tatha budh ka uparatn hai.

21. akik: yah vibhinn rangon men milta hai. ranganusar yah vibhinn rashiyon par uparatn ke rup men dharan karvaya jata hai.

22. sulemani: kale rang ke is uparatn par safed rang ki dhariyan hoti hain. yah shani ke uparatn ke rup men prayog kiya jata hai.

23. yamni: lal aeneks ko bhi yamni akik kaha jata hain yah lal rang ka hota hai. mangal ke uparatn ke rup men yah dharan karvaya jata hai.

24. beruj: yah halke rang ka hota hai. yah panne ka uparatn hai.

25. dhunaila: yah sunhre tatha dhuen ke mishrit rang ka hota hai. yah pukhraj ka uparatn hai.

26. sajri athva shajar : yah bhi akik ki shreni ka uparatn hai tatha vibhinn rangon men milta hai. ranganusar rashi dvara iska upyog kiya jata hai.

27. haldili athva halan : yah safed tatha hare rang ke mishrit rangon ka uparatn hai. yah dil ko pusht banata hai.

28 alekjaindr: yah jamuni rang ka uparatn hai tatha nilam ke uparatn ke rup men prayog kiya jata hai.

29. lalri: gulabi rang ka yah ratn surya ka uparatn hai.

30. romni: yah lal tatha kuch-kuch kalapan lie hota hai. yah surya tatha mangal ka uparatn hai.

31. narm: yah lal men kuch-kuch pilapan lie hota hai. yah manikya ka uparatn hai.

32. ludhiya athva ludhna : yah lal rang ka uparatn hai.

33. sinduriya: yah gulabi rang men kuch-kuch safedi lie hota hai.

34. nili: nilam ka ham shakla yah ratn nilam ka uparatn hai.

35. pitauniya: hare se rang ke is patthar par lal rang ke dhabbe hote hain.

36. bansi: halke hare rang ka yah ratn panne ka uparatn hai.

37. drarvenak athva dur-e-najfah yah kachche dhan ke rang sa uparatn hota hai.

38. alemani: yah sulemani akik ki shreni ka uparatn hai. bhure rang par ismen kali dhariyan hoti hain.

39. jajemani: yah bhure se rang ka ratn hai. is par krim rang ki dhariyan hoti hain.

40. sivar: yah hare rang ka hota hai tatha ismen bhure rang ki dhariyan hoti hain.

41. tursava: yah gulabi tatha pila rang mishrit uparatn hai.

42. ahna: yah gulabi se rang ka hota hai.

43. abri: yah kale rang ka hota hai.

44. kudurt: yah kale rang ka safed aur pile dhabbedar hota hai.

45. kasauti: yah kale rang ka hota hai. isse asli sone ki parakh hoti hai.

46. kahruva arthat trinmni: yah lal athva pile rang ka hota hai.

47. sangsn: yah safed tatha anguri rang ka hota hai.

48. laru: yah makrane patthar ki shreni ka uparatn hai.

49. sangmrmr: yah vibhinn rangon men milta hai.

50. darechna: katthai rang ke is patthar men pile rang ke dhabbe hote hain.

51.hakik-kal -bahar: iska rang kuch pilapan lie hota hai.

52. haln: yah gulabi se rang ka patthar hai.

53. chitti: kale rang ke is uparatn par sunhri dhariyan hoti hain.

54. jharna: yah matmaile rang ka hota hai.

55. sang basri: isse surma bhi banaya jata hai.

56. dantla: yah safed tatha hare rang ka hota hai.

57. makra: halke kale rang ke is patthar par makri ka jala sa bana hota hai.

58. sangiya: yah selkhri se milte julte rang ka hota hai.

59. gudri: yah pile rang ka hota hai.

60. kansla: yah safed tatha hare ranga ka hota hai.

61. sifri: yah patthar nile tatha hare rang ke mishran sa hota hai.

62. harid: yah kala tatha bhurapan lie hota hai.

63. havas: yah kuch kuch sunhre se rang ka hota hai.

64. singli: yah lal tatha kuch-kuch kalapan lie hota hai.

65. dhedi: yah kale se rang ka patthar hota hai.

66. gauri: is patair men anek rangon ki dhariyan hoti hain.

67. siya: yah kale rang ka patthar hai.

68. simak: yah kuch pilapan lie hue kale rang ka patthar hai.

69. musa: yah safed tatha matmaile rang ka patthar hai.

70. panghn: yah harapan lie hue kale se rang ka patthar hai.

71. amliya: yah halka kalapan lie gulabi rang ka patthar hai.

72. dur: yah katthai rang ka hota hai.

73. tiliyar: yah kale rang ka hota hai tatha is par safed rang ke chinte se hote hain.

74. khara: yah hare se rang ka patthar hai.

75. parajahar athva payejhr: yah safed rang ka patthar hai.

76. muben jaf: safed rang ke is uparatn par kali si dhariyan hoti hain.

77. selkhri: yah safed se rang ka chikna patthar hota hai.

78. jahrmohra: yah safed-kale se rang ka patthar hai.

79. ravat: yah lal tatha

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ratn rahasya visheshank  October 2007

ratn kaise pahchane? kahan se ate hai ratna? kaise prabhav dalte hai ratna? kis ratn ke sath kaun sa ratn n pahnen, ratnon se chamatkar, ratnon se upchar, bharat amerika parmanu samjhauta, bhakton ko akarshit karta vaishnodevi mandir ka vastu, prem vivah ke kuch yog

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