मत्स्य जयंती एवं मत्स्य व्रत

matsya jayanti evan matsya vrat  

Ank ke aur Lekh | Sambandhit Lekh | Views : 2756 |  
matsya jayanti evan matsya vrat (6-4-2011) pan. brajkishor sharma brajvasi matsya jayanti v matsya vrat chaitra shukla paksh tritiya ko manane ka vidhan hai. is din bhagvan narayan ne madhyahnottar bela men pushpabhadra tat par matsyavtar dharan kar jagat kalyan kiya tha. vyakti is pavan tithi par pratahkalin bela men nitya naimittik krityon ko purnakar bhagvan matsya ke vrat ke hetu sankalpadi krityon ko purn karta hua purush sukt ya vedokt mantron se matsya bhagvan ka shade shape char paju n kar unke prakatya ki lila kathaon ka shravan v mantron ka jap karta hai, to nishchay hi us bhagavad bhakt ka jivan alokit v sanpurn gyan-vigyan se sanyaku t ho jata h.ai bhartiya sasnkriti men avtarvad ke ek vishisht siddhant ne samagra manav jati ko ek vishisht jivanashakti tatha ashavadita bhi pradan ki hai jiske karan ve vibhinn sankton tatha vipattiyon ko yah vishvas rakhte hue jhel saken ki vartaman vipatti ki ghari kuch hi samay ke lie hai. aur upyukt samay par koi daivi-satta utpann hone vali hai, yah atal vishvas jan-jan men samaya hua hai ki desh-kal ki visham paristhitiyon men lake kalyanarth, sadhu-sajjanon aur rishiyon muniyon ke paritran hetu, gauvansh raksharth tatha dharm ke samutthan ke lie bhagvan vishnu vibhinn rupon men avtrit hote rahte hain. bhagvan ke avtaron ke svarup chote-bare nahin hote. prabhu ka pratyek avtar vandniya v pujniya hai. jis prakar bhagvan ka pratyek avtar manglkari hai, jan-jan ka rakshak hai; thik usi prakar bhartiya sanskriti ka pratyek vrat bhagavad bhakt ke kalyan v mangal ka pratik hai. matsya vrat manav ko jal jantuon v jalatatva se hone vale sabhi anishton ko dur karne vala hai. yah vrat sukh, saubhagya, arogya, prem, aishvarya pradata to hai hi apitu adhyatmik, adhibhautik, adhidaivik tapon se mukt karne vala bhi hai. pratyek vrat bhakt ke lie ek kalpavriksh hai. is prakar kalpavriksh ke niche sthit hokar uske jaise bhav prakat hote hain, kalpavriksh ki kripa se un bhavon ki parnuata prapt ho jati hai; athart mahu magani ya manchahi abhilshit vastu tatkshan prapt ho jati hai, thik usi prakar kisi bhi vrat ke niyamanusar palan karne se bhakt ki manovanchit ichchayen bhi purn ho jati hain. is vrat men sanpurn din nirahar rahakar madhyahnottar samay men matsya bhagvan ka pujan kar falahar grahan kar ratri man e jagaran v bhagavat sankirtan m en lin rahakar pratahkal daii nak krityon ka sanpadan kar dan punyadi, brahman bhojnadi karake svayan bhi purn bhojan karen. matsya bhagvan ke nimn charitron ka path v mantra jap karen. vishn u ke chaubis avtaron men matsyavtar ka vishesh mahattva hai. matsyaka sanbandh ek prachin jal plavan ki katha se hai, jo bhartiya hi nahin, lagabhag sabhi prachin arya tatha sametik deshon ke sahitya (baibil adi) men prapt hatei hai. sanbhvtah yahi ek aisi katha hai, jo arya tatha sametik - donon deshon ki katha- paranpraon men prayah saman hai. kuch vidvan is katha ka sametik udgam manne ke paksh men hain. unka kahna hai ki aryon ne is katha ko badmen aryate r jatiya en se grahan kiya, kintu is dharna ka sashakt shabdon men khandan hua hai ki baibiloniya tatha ijrail men milne vale vivaran bhartiya sahitya men prapya prachinatam vivaran (shatapathabrahman 1!8!1-99) se paravarti hain aur donon deshon ki kathaon ki vibhinn prakriti yah siddh karti hai ki donon svatantra rup se apne apne desh ki tatkalik bhaugolik sthiti tatha paranpraon ke adhar par viksit hui hain. shatapathabrahman men mattyavtar katha is prakar hai- ek din vivasvan ke putra vaivasvat manuke pas uske sevan achaman karne ke liye jal laye. jab manune achaman ke liye anjli man e jal liya to ek chota sa matsya unke hath men a gaya. usne kaha- 'mera poshan karo, main tumhari raksha karunga.' 'kaise meri raksha karoge? manuke aisa puchne par matsya bola - ''thore hi dinon men ek bhayankar jal - plavan hoga, jo prajavarg ko nasht kar dega, usse main tumhari raksha karugan.' manune punah usse pucha- 'tumhari raksha kaise ho sakti hai?' usne kaha - 'jab tak ham chote rahte hain, tab hamare anek vinashak hote hain - bara matsya hi chote matsya ko kha jata hai. abhi tum mujhe ek ghare men rakh do, jab usse barh jaun to ek gaddhe men rakh dena aur uske bad mujhe samudra men chor dena, tab mera koi vinash nahin kar sakega.'' manu ne aisa hi kiya aur ant men samudra men chore jane par vah matsya manuko jal plavan ka samay batakar tatha unko us din ek nav lekar taiyar rahne ka adesh dekar jal men vilin ho gaya. jal -plavan hone par manu nav men charh gaye. vah matsya ek singvale vishalkay mahamatsya ke rup men prakat hua. manune nav ki rassi uske sigan men bandh di. nav lekar vah mahamatsya uttaraparvat (himaly) ki or gaya. usne vahan nav ko ek vriksh se bandhne ka adesh diya aur kaha ki jal ke utrne par niche a jana. jal-plavan se sanpurn praja nasht ho gayi, keval manu bache rahe. jal ghatne par manu niche aye aur unhonne ghrit, dadhi adi se jal men hi havan kiya. ek varsh bad jal se ira namak ek kanya utpann hui. usne manuse kaha-'tum mujhse yagya karo, isse tumhen dhan, pashu tatha anya abhisht vastuen prapt hogi.' manune aisa hi kiya aur uske dvara yah sari praja utpann ki. matsyavtar katha ka yahi ansh sabse prachin tatha mukhay he. manu katha men kisi bhi devtavishesh ki koi bhumika nahin hai. shatapathabrahman ke is akhyan ko hindi sahitya ke kavivar prasad ne apne advitiya mahakavya kamayni dvrara amar kar diya hai. shatapathabrahman ke bad yah katha vividh puranon tatha mahabharat (vanaparva a. 185) men prapt hoti hai. mahabharat men spasht kaha gaya hai ki yah matsya prajapti ya brahma ka rup tha. thik bhi hai, pralykalin jal se manav jati ke adi parvuj manuki raksha karke srishti ke ankuron ko surakshit rakhne ka prayas prajapti ke atirikt aur kaun kar sakta hai? aur jal-plavan ka purvagyan, atulit vistar se vivardhan tatha samudra men nauvahan adi atimanushik karya bhi savacharech davaiishakti pajra apti ke dvara hi sabhanv hain mahabharat men is katha ka jo rup hai, uske ansu ar chirini nadi ke tat par snan karte hue vaivasvat manuke hathon men ek chota-sa matsya a jata hai aur dintapurvak manu se apni raksha karne ki prarthana karta hai - bhagavan ! main ek chota sa matsya hun. mujhe (apni jati ke) balvan matsyon se barabar bhay bana rahta hai. atah uttam vrat ka palan karne vale maharshi, ! ap usse meri raksha karen. matsya punah bola- main bhayke mahan samudra me dub raha 12 ap vishshe prayatn karke mujhe bachane ka kasht kare apke is upkar ke badle main pratyupkar karunga. matsya ki yah bat sunakar vaivasvat manuko bari daya ayi aur unhonne chandrama ki kirnon ke saman shvet rangvale us matsya ko utha liya. tadanantar pani se bahar lakar use matke men dal diya. vah matsya itni teji se barhne laga ki kramshah ghat, talab tatha nadi adi bhi uske liye chote par gaye. ant men manune use samudra men chor diya. vah mahamatsya apni lila se unke vahan karne yogya ho gaya. us samay us muskarat e haeu mahamatsyane muin se kaha- bhagavan hi krita raksha tvaya sarva visheshtah. para ptakalan tu yat karya tvaya tat shrayu tan mam॥ achirad bhagavan bhaummidan sthavrjangamam. sarvamev mahabhag pralyan vai gamishyati॥ trasanan sthavranan ch yachchedang yachch nengati. tasya sav rsya sampra aptah kalah parmdarunah॥ bhagavan ! apne vishesh manoyog ke sath sab prakar se meri raksha ki hai, ab apke lie jis karya ka avasar prapt hua hai, vah batata hun, suniye- bhagvan ! yah sara ka sara charachar parthiv jagat shighra hi nasht hone vala hai. mahabhag ! sanpurn jagat ka pralay ho jayega. sanpurn jangam tatha sthavar padarthon men jo hil-dul sakte hai aur jo hilne-dulne vale nahin hain, un sabke liye atyant bhayankar samay a pahuncha hai. yah suchna dene ke pashchat us matsya ne manu se ek drirh nav banvane ke liye kaha aur bataya ki usmen majbut rassi lagi ho, ap sanpurn aushdhiyon ev n annon ke bijon ko lekar saptarshiyon ke sath us nav men baith jana. main ek singvale mahamatsya ke rup men aunga arai tamuhen sarukshit sthan par le jaunga. naushch karyitavya te drirha yuktavatarka. tatra saptarshibhiah sardhamaruhathe aa mahamune॥ agmishyamyahan shrringi vigyaeyasten taps॥ kalantar men aisa hi hua. us din sagar apni maryada bhang karke prithvi-mandal ko dubane laga. manuki nav praly-jal men tairne lagi. manu bhagvan matsya ka smaran karne lage. smaran karte hi shangri dhari bhagvan matsya vahan a pahunche. manune nav ki rassi unke sing men bandh di aur bhagvan matsya nav khinchne lage. ve navko himalay tak le gaye aur unhonne un rishiyon se parvatshikhar men nav ki rassi bandhne ke liye kaha - 'asmin himvtah shringeah navan badhint ma chiram.' iske pashchat bhagvan matsyane apna parichay dete un rishiyon se kaha- main prajapti brahma hun. mujhse shreshth aur koi nahin hai. matsyarup men mainne manu tatha aplogon (saptarshign) ki raksha ki hai. kyonki manu hi (is pralay ke uprant) devta, asur tatha manvon ki srishti kargen. tapasya ke bal se manuki pratibha atyant viksit ho jayegi aur praja ki srishti karte samay inki buddhi moh ko prapt nahin hogi, sada jagruk rahegi- ahan prajaptirbrahma matparan nadhigamyate. matsyarupen yuyan ch mayasmanmokshita bhayat॥ manuna ch prajaah sarvaah sadve asurmanushaah. srashtavyaah sarvalokashch yachchengan yachch nengati॥ tapsa chapi tivanro pritbhasya bhavishyati. matprasadat prajasarge n ch mohan gamishyati॥ aisa kahakar bhagvan matsya kshanabhar men adrishya ho gaye aur manuji bhi tapasya karke srishtikarya men pravritt ho gaye. matsyapuran men yah katha sanpurn puran ki adhar-bhumi hai. matsyarupdhari bhagvan praly-kal men manuko jis puran ka updesh dete hain, vahi 'matsyapuran' nam se prasiddh hai. shrimadbhagavat men yah katha aur adhik kramabaddharup men ayi hai. katha ka praranbh shrimadbhagvtmhapuran ke mukhay shrate a raja parikshitk e prashn s e hate a hai ki bhagvan vishnune matsya-jaise tuchch evan vigarhit prani ka rup kyon dharan kiya? shrishukdevji uttar date hai nki rajan ! yon to bhagvan sabke ekmatra prabhu hain, fir bhi go, brahman, devta, sadhu, ved, dharm tatha arth ki raksha ke lie ve sharir dharan kiya karte hain. goviprasursadhunan chandasampi cheshvarah. rakshamichchasn tanurdhatte dharmasyarth tathaiv hi॥ (shrimdbhagavat 8/24/5) mahabharat men prajapti ke matsyarup ka karan keval manu adi ki raksha hai, kintu shrimadbhagvtmhapuran men hayagriv daitya se vedon ke udvarka mahatvapurn karya bhi is avtar ke sath jura hai.
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hast rekhaen aur jyotish  April 2011

jo jyotish men hai vahi hath ki rekhaon men hai donon ek dusre ke purak hai. hath ki vibhinn rekhaen kya falit kathan karti hai iski jankari is visheshank men di gai hai.

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