GRAHA MAALIKA YOGAS
When planets occupy five or more than five consecutive houses, such Yogas are called Graha Maalika Yogas. In Nabhasa Yogas Rahu and Ketu are not considered. Parasara indicated only four Yogas of this category, namely Nauka, Koota, Chhatra and Chaapa Yogas. Yavan Jataka and Bhavartha Ratnakar by Shri Ramanujacharya includes other Graha Maalika Yogas. I am including all these Yogas for the benefit of the readers.
14. Nauka Yoga: If all the seven planets occupy the seven houses commencing from the Ascendant, Nauka Yoga is formed.
This Yoga will give full effects if all the houses from the Ascendant to the seventh house are occupied. However, it is essential that the ascendant and seventh house should be occupied for Nauka Yoga to be operative.
Effects: The persons born in this Yoga will depend for their livelihood on water-born minerals, pearls, creatures etc., (these days fishing and dealing in pearls and coral etc. is a big industry), they will be wealthy, over-ambitions, famous and renowned. On the negative side, the native will be cruel, miserly, greedy and avaricious.
In this Yoga all the planets are placed in the invisible half of the horoscope. Jataka Bharana says that such natives also have thievish tendencies. All the planets placed in five consecutive houses are a common occurance. However, it is rare find a configuration when all the seven planets are placed in seven consecutive houses. This is the reason that Kalasarpa Yoga (i.e. when all the seven planet are on one side of Rahu-Ketu axis) is found commonly in many horoscopes.
15. Koota Yoga: When all the seven planets occupy houses from the 4th to the 10th house this Yoga is formed.
Effects: The person of Koota Yoga will be unreliable in speech, will be head of a prison or one who will be in-charge of bonded labour, may encounter liquidity problems, be crafty, cruel, and will live on hills and in fortresses (meaning large villas).
These persons are generally honoured, reputed, employ lot of bonded labour, but do not hesitate to earn money by questionable means.
16. Chhatra Yoga: This Yoga is formed when all the planets are placed from the 7th to the Ascendant, i.e. in the visible half of the nativity.
Effects: The person born in this yoga will provide protection to his family members and associates, be kind, will be very dear to the influential people in society (i.e. kings, ministers or persons of high statuts), will have excellent intelligence, be happy in the beginning and end of the life and be long lived.
As the planets are placed in the visible half of the nativity, such persons will be of great excellence, good fortune in profession, obtaining favors from government and other organizations etc. If the 10th house is occupied by benefics, they will also enjoy a good life even in their middle age.
17. Chaapa Yoga: When all the planets occupy houses from the 10th to the 4th house, Chaapa Yoga is formed. Saravali and Yavan Jataka also call it “Varnuka Yoga”.
Effects: The natives of Chaapa Yoga will not speak the truth, will provide protection to thieves and criminals (in modern teerminology they may resemble underworld dons), they themselves will indulge in criminal activities, will wander in forests, be devoid of fortune, be happy in the middle part of their lives. However, Varaha Mihira and other Jataka Granthas say that they will happy at the end and in the beginning of their lives.
The planets placed in angular houses will control the fortunes of the native.
GRAHA MAALIKA YOGAS FROM YAVAN JATAKA
(1). Shayani Yoga: This Yoga is formed if all the planets are placed in five houses commencing from the Ascendant. (In Yupa yoga, all planets are placed in four houses from the Ascendant)
Effects: The natives of Shayani Yoga will get lot of honor on account of the fame and prominence of their families and they will be endowed with lasting happiness,
(2) Jangal Yoga: This Yoga is formed if all the planets are placed in five houses from the 4th house.
Effects: The natives of this Yoga are generally adept in serving others.
Such a Yoga is prominent in housewives, in well-to-do families. They try to look after their families well. Such persons enjoy helping their kith and kin.
(3) Nishrayani Yoga: If all the planets occupy five houses from the 7th house, Nishrayani Yoga is formed.
Effects: These persons are very clever, act as ambassadors and traverse a lonely path. They sometimes get trapped or deceived by others.
This is a very powerful Yoga as its name suggests. Nishrayani means leader. Such persons rise in life due to their intellectual abilities and persuasive skills. They always rise if they work in groups.
(4) Kunta Yoga: If all planets occupy five houses from the 10th house, Kunta Yoga is formed.
Effects: If this Yoga starts from the Sun in the 10th house, the person is full of fighting sprit and shines like the Sun. Otherwise a person of this yoga will be of fiery disposition and be able to overcome all adversities.
Kunta means a spear with a pointed sharp edge. Such persons therefore fix their eyes on a specific goal in life and are able to win over all adversities
(5) Pankti Yoga: When all the planets occupy six consecutive houses commencing from the Lagna, 4th , 7th or 10th house, Pankti Yoga is formed. These Yogas are called Nagar Yogas.
Effects: If this Yoga commences from the Lagna, the person enjoys a status like a king, but if this Yoga commences from 4th, 7th or 10th house the person enjoys a status like a minister. These persons enjoy urban social life.
(5a) Pankti Yogas of different kinds are formed when all the planets occupy six houses in consecutive order. It commences from any house other than an angular house (1st, 4th, 7 th or 10th). Such Yogas are simply called Pankti Yogas (but these Yogas do not fall into the category of Nagar Yoga.)
Effects: These persons also enjoy life, but depend for their prosperity on agricultural proceeds and animals. They are able to fulfill all their desires and use their knowledge for productive work. On the negative side, they do not have any set goal in life i.e. they lead town or village life as it comes to them.
Note: Ramanujacharya says that Graha Masllika Yoga occupying five, six, seven, eight or nine houses will be fortunate provided the Yoga starts from the Lagna or the Sun. He suggests the presence of all nine planets including Rahu and Ketu. However, as we are discussing Nabhasa Yogas only, Rahu and Ketu are not being considered. The following points should be kept in view while considering Graha Maalika Yogas.
1. The commencing house is most important and controls the effects of the Yoga to a large extent.
2. If the Yoga starts from an angular house, or a powerful Sun, it yields auspicious and powerful results.
3. If the planet in commencing house is weak, the Yoga will not yield good results.
4. Dr. B. V. Raman gives a table in his translation of Bhavartha Ratnakar, which is reproduced below for ready reference:
Starting house of Results
Graha Maalika Yoga
(1) Lagna King, commander, wealthy,
(2) 2nd house Very wealthy, dutiful, resolute, unsympathetic
(3) 3rd house Ruler, rich, sickly, surrounded by brave men
(4) 4th house Charitable, liberal, wealthy
(5) 5th house Malicious and famous
(6) 6th house Greedy, somewhat poor
(7) 7th house Coveted by women and influential
(8) 8th house Poor and henpecked
(9) 9th house Religious, well-to-do, mighty and good
(10) 10th house Respected, virtuous
(11) 11th house Skilful and lord of lovely women
(12) 12th house honored, liberal and respected
Parasara also narrates the following yogas:
18. Ardha Chandra Yogas: Ardha Chandra Yogas occur when all the seven planets occupy seven houses commencing from any house other than the angles (i.e. the 2nd, 3rd, 5th, 6th, 8th, 9th, 11th or12th). Thus if we begin from the 2nd house, the first Ardha Chandra Yoga will be formed when all the planets occupy the 2nd to the 8th houses. These Yogas are eight in number.
Effects: The person born in Ardha Chandra Yoga will be fortunate, the general of an army (means that he will command over people), will have a splendorous body, be a favourite of the king, be strong and be endowed with gems, gold and armaments (according to Saravali).
Parasara is of the view that the seven planets should occupy all the seven houses. However, this Yoga will manifest even if five houses are occupied consecutively. In some cases, it is found that either Rahu or Ketu occupy the intervening house. Even though such a Yoga will not fall in the category of Nabhasa Yogas, but powerful effects of Graha maalika Yoga will be felt. As suggested by Ramanujacharya, Graha Maalika Yoga operates even if 5, 6, 7, 8 or 9 houses are occupied by eight planets. As Ardha Chandra Yogas commence from Panphara or Apoklima houses, it gives prominent results in young or old age respectively.
19.Chakra Yoga: If all the planets occupy six alternative houses commencing from the Ascendant, Chakra Yoga is formed.
Effects: The person of this Yoga will be either an emperor or a greatly honored saint whose feet even the kings, bearing crowns studded with bright stones, will bow their heads to. This Yoga is formed when all the planets are in odd houses (i.e. 1 st, 3 rd, 5 th, 7 th, 9 th and 11th houses). If odd signs occupy these houses, the emperor will be of widespread fame, will have a powerful disposition and be wealthy. This combination is more suited for emperors. If all the planets are in even signs, the person will be of gentle manners, have sweet speech and good intelligence. The latter combination is more suited to saints. Chakra Yoga basically gives a lot of power, authority and influence over others.
20. Samundra Yoga: If all the planets occupy six alternate houses commencing from the 2nd house, Samundra Yoga is formed.
Effects : The person born in Samundra Yoga will be endowed with many precious stones and much wealth and splendor, will enjoy all kinds of pleasures, be very popular among people, will have sons, a radiant personality and lasting wealth.
In fact, this is a combination of wealth and a splendorous life.
These are seven in number. I give below these Yogas in tabular form:
(1) Gola Yoga — all planets in one sign
(2) Yuga Yoga — in two signs
(3) Shoola Yoga — in three signs
(4) Kedara Yoga — in four signs
(5) Pushpa Yoga — in five signs
(6) Dama Yoga — in six signs
(7) Veena Yoga — in seven signs
Before discussing these Yogas, it would be advantageous to discuss their special features:
1. One or another Sankhya Yoga is always present in every horoscope. I may be permitted to say that Sankhya Yoga has its own effect on each nativity and acts as a catalyst. It may not be forgotten that Nabhasa Yogas are indicative of a combined Karakatva (signification) of the nativity. They do no give results directly but with help of other Yogas.
2. If any particular Sankhya Yoga is present, then the chart is to be carefully scanned to see which other Nabhasa Yogas are present and operating. Suppose any one of the Yogas like Kamal, Vajra, and Yava is present, then the effects of Kedara Yoga will be felt at some stage. For example, if Gada Yoga is operating, the effects of Yuga Yoga will definitely manifest at some stage.
3. Gola, Yuga and Shoola Yogas generate adversities in the native’s life, while the remaining four Yogas help in generating even Raja Yogas, if other conditions are favourable.
4. It may always be remembered that Nabhasa Yogas do not operate in isolation of each other, but try to be co-operative with each other. In all Yogas formed by the angular position of planets, Ashraya Yogas will be operative. Whenever the malefic and benefic planets are segregated from each other, the effects of Dala Yoga will be felt. Sankhya Yogas will modify the effects all other Yogas. There should not be any doubt about it.
EFFECTS OF SANKHYA YOGA
1. Gola Yoga (all planets in one house). Jataka Granthas have given diverse results: The person of Gola Yoga will be strong, be devoid of wealth, learning and intelligence, be dirty, be always sorrowful and miserable. Hora Sara says such persons will have a short life, have a defect in some limb, will be devoid of relatives, wife and sons. Hora Sara further says that if the above Yoga is formed in the Ascendant, 9th, 10th or 11th house, the above results will not apply.
Mythological literature indicates that Meghnath, the son of Ravana, had Gola Yoga in the 11th house.
2. Yuga Yoga: Such persons will be hypocrites, be devoid of wealth, right conduct, progeny and mother and be declared outcasts by society. Hora Sara says that such persons will be disabled, harsh in speech and shameless, will incur debts, be short lived, and have lack of ability.
The effects of this Yoga are generally bad. If Gada, Shakata and Vihaga Yogas are formed without involving angular houses, the effects of Yuga Yoga will be felt more prominently.
3. Shoola Yoga: Shoola means thorn. Such persons will be sharp but devoid of means to achieve success in life, violent in behavior, rejected and scorned by society, very brave and get fame in war (fights). Hora Sara says that such persons will be clever and will pursue many vocations to earn their livelihood, be sickly, earn by sale and purchase, and will be childless in spite of two marriages (meaning that they may not be happy or lucky with regard to progeny).
These persons are very crafty and are ruled by expediency only. Their wealth and profession is never steady. When any Ashraya Yoga is present involving three angular houses from the Ascendant, a cunning or crafty statesman is born, famous for his machinations. Their wealth and fame will always vary in sine waves and such persons are really very tough and difficult to deal with.
The above three Sankhya Yogas do not always yield good results. Even other good and auspicious Yogas are overshadowed by these Yogas. In case all the planets are placed in three houses in Kendras or trines from the Lagna, then the effects of Shoola Yoga will be neutralized to a great extent.
4. Kedara Yoga: Such a person will be a benefactor to others, will earn name and fame by his own efforts, agricultural products will be the mainstay of his livelihood, he will be truthful, happy, dutiful, will be sluggish in taking decisions (if other good Yogas are present, then he may act after giving due consideration to all aspects), will earn honors and wealth.
Most powerful Nabhasa Yogas are formed when all the planets are in four angular houses. In such a situation Kedara Yoga becomes operative automatically. This is one of the very auspicious Yogas. When the planets are placed in four consecutive houses, Kedara Yoga will again become operative.
Now the effects of three Yogas, when all the planets are placed in five, six or seven houses, will be explained. These Yogas will enhance the good results of Graha Maalika Yogas and help to generate Raj Yogas.
5. Paasha Yoga: Paasha is rope, which is used to tie, to bind together or to restrict. The person with Paasha Yoga will be burdened with many responsibilities and expenses, be skillful in work, will have a crafty disposition, and will have many servants and a large family to support. On the negative side he will be very talkative and be devoid of virtues and good manners.
This Yoga is a mixed bag. On account of their crafty nature, such persons land themselves into trouble with authorities. Girish Chandra Sharma says that if the Ascendant lord is placed in the 2nd Drekkana of Scorpio (Paasha Drekkana) in the 6th, 8th, and 12th house, it forms a Yoga for imprisonment.
In Graha Maalika Yogas when planets are placed in five houses and if the commencing sign is occupied by benefics and is strong, the native obtains good results, otherwise this Yoga can give a lot of problems as Paasha Yoga, which is also formed, starts showing its results.
6. Daamini Yoga: Paasha may represent a rope, which is equivalent to a noose also. Dam or Daamini indicates money or a group of things. This is an auspicious Yoga. The persons born in Daamini Yoga will be thoroughly gentle, helpful to others, will have righteously earned wealth, be very affluent, famous, endowed with many sons and gems (or sons who will be like gems in society), will have fortitude and be learned. He will be devoted to public welfare and be a noted scholar.
7. Veena Yoga: Such a person will be a lover of songs, dances and musical instruments, be skilful and of happy and loving disposition. He will be the chief among his own family, wise and expert. He will love the right things and will be full of enthusiasm.
Some additional Nabhasa Yogas are given in Hora Sara, Yavan Jataka and Vridha Yavan Jataka. These Yogas are given below for the benefit of readers.
1. Safal Parvat Yoga: This is a kind of Maala Yoga. When all the benefic planets occupy the 1st, 7th and 10th houses, and malefics are placed in the other houses, Safal Parvat Yoga is formed.
Effects: The person of this Yoga is very powerful and influential like a king. This is a good Yoga for successful politicians.
2. Kalash Yoga: This Yoga is formed when all the malefics occupy the 1st, 7th and 10th houses and benefics are placed in the other houses.
Effects: The person of this Yoga will accumulate a lot of material wealth and will work for the upliftment of good people of saintly disposition. (Such results are possible if the Ascendant lord is powerfully disposed and the 4th house is under benefic influence.)
3. Dola Yoga: When four planets occupy the 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th houses and the other three planets occupy the remaining three Kendras, then Dola Yoga is formed. (Dola means roaming about here and there).
Effects: Such a person enjoys travelling and remains happy and prosperous.
4. Pipeelika Yoga: This Yoga is formed when benefics occupy the 6th and 12th houses and malefics are placed in the 3rd and 9th houses.
Effects: These persons are devoid of property and wealth. (This is a kind of Vajra Yoga.)
5. Garta Yoga: When malefics occupy the 6th and 12th houses and benefics occupy the 3rd and 9th houses, Garta Yogas formed (it is opposite to Pipeelika Yoga).
Effects: Such persons are always unhappy, worried about others and poor.
6. Nadi Yoga (River Yoga): When benefic planets occupy the 5th and 11th houses and all the malefics occupy the 2nd and 8th houses, Nadi Yoga is formed. (Nadi means small river.)
Effects: These persons are lucky, live like kings, and travel in auspicious Nakshatras (meaning that they enjoy travelling for good and auspicious undertakings).
7. Nad Yoga: When malefics occupy the 5th and 11th houses and benefics occupy the 6th and 8th houses, this Yoga is formed.
Effects: Such persons are very wise and blessed with sons (6th and 8th houses provide unobstructed and benefic Argala on the 5th house of wisdom and progeny).
8. Varaha Yoga: When all the planets occupy the 1st, 4th and 5th houses, Varaha Yoga will be formed.
Effects: Such natives will command land, wealth, happiness and wisdom.
9. Kantaka Yoga: When all planets occupy the 2nd, 3rd and 4th houses, Kantaka Yoga is formed.
Effects: Such natives will be wealthy and learned but short lived, and will have no issue.
Varaha and Kantaka Yogas fall in the category of Soola (Sankhya) Yogas. Varaha Yoga yields better results.
10. Sankha Yoga: This Yoga is formed when all the planets occupy the 1st, 4th, 9th and 11th houses. This is a kind of Kahala (Sankhya) Yoga.
Effects: Such persons will be a repository of virtues, brave and well versed in the Shastras.
Nabhasa Yogas indicate the natural significations of the nativity. As such the results are not felt directly or straightaway. This can be explained by an example. Saturn is the significator of grief, servants, hard work and foresight. If Saturn is placed in the Ascendant in sign Aries, the native will be required to put in a lot of hard work but he will get only grief in return. However if Saturn is placed in the seventh house in Libra, he will gain wealth and comfort in return for his efforts and labour. Similarly, the signification of Nabhasa Yogas will manifest and depend on the other Yogas in the nativity.
Dr. B. Suryanarian Rao, in his commentary on Brihat Jataka quotes Bhattotpala:
”Rich men may have external objects for enjoyment, but their minds may be greatly affected and they may feel themselves miserable, through various other causes. Poor men may have external marks of misery, but at heart they may feel quite happy and contented. Happiness and misery (wealth and poverty, health and disease) are relative terms and are made so by the bent of mind the man possesses and the view he takes of the presence of evil and good about him.
Thus, the overall signification of a nativity, indicated by Nabhasa Yogas, will manifest and amend itself according to other Yogas. These effects will be felt in directional periods and transits.
One has to cultivate art of prediction with the help of Nabhasa Yogas, because these Yogas indicate the personality of the astral body.