1. Rajju Yoga: If all the planets are situated in moveable signs (1, 4, 7 and 10), they cause Rajju Yoga.
Effects: The native born in this Yoga will be found of wandering, will be charming, remain in good health, fortunate in distance places (away from home) and will be of a cruel and wicked disposition (This means- hard task master).
Parasara has given six natural characteristics or traits of the native when born with Rajju yoga. These significations will act as catalyzing agents, whenever any other Yoga will operate. In this manner, the over riding effects of Nabhasa Yogas may be considered.
2. Musala Yoga: If all the planets are situated in fixed signs (2, 5, 8 and 11), they cause Musala Yoga.
Effects: The native born in this Yoga are endowed with honour, wisdom, knowledge and wealth, will be dear to the king (i.e. persons of authority), will be famous, will have money, sons and be of a firm disposition.
Parasara indicated 8 (eight) out standing characteristics for a native born in this Yoga. All these good qualities are basically on account of firm disposition. This is based on the trait of the fixed signs, as against the moveable signs, which makes the native restless and of a wondering nature.
3. Nala Yoga: If all the planets are situated in dual signs (3, 6, 9, and 12), they cause Nala Yoga.
Effects: The native of Nala Yoga will have some kind of deformity in body parts (a limb may be less or superfluous), will be very skillful in accumulating money, be helpful to relatives and friends and be of a charming disposition.
The natives of Nala Yoga have a lot of flexibility, attraction and delicacy; whereas moveable and fixed signs indicate clear-cut traits in disposition. The natives of this yoga are not blessed with the sound body. Their fondness for amusements and multiplicity in their behavior create considerable conflict in their minds.
(1) There are divergent views on the meaning of the word 'Ashraya' and also on the formation of Ashraya Yoga. As a matter of fact, these three Ashraya Yogas are the backbone of most of the Nabhasa Yogas.
(2) The word Ashraya means to depend on some thing .The first view therefore is that these yogas are dependent on the nature of signs i.e. moveable, fixed and dual and are thus called Ashraya Yoga. The other view is that other yogas depend on Ashraya yogas. Both views have their own merits. The nature of the sign is bound to affect the characteristics of a planet which is placed in it.
(3) The signs of the same nature always occupy houses in an angle from each other. Most of the Nabhasa Yogas are formed on account of the placement of planets in angular houses e.g. Gada, Shakata, Vihaga, Vajra, Yava, and Kamal. All these Yogas will take the basic traits from one of the three Ashraya Yogas. Let us take the example of Kamal Yoga. This Yoga is formed when all the planets are in kendras to the Ascendant. Naturally, the results are bound to vary depending upon whether angular signs are moveable, fixed or dual. Accordingly the effect of Kamal Yoga will dependent on the Ashraya Yogas.Same comments are applicable to other yogas, in which all seven planets are placed in angular houses to each other.
(4) These Yogas will be indicative of the most powerful results when formed in the angular houses from the Ascendant. Parasara teaches five Ascendants namely - Ascendant (rising sign), Moon, Sun, Paaka Lagna (the house in which Lagna lord is placed) and Pad Lagna. When an Ashraya Yoga is formed with the Ascendant as Kendra, all the other four ascending signs will also fall in angular houses. Naturally, such a yoga is bound to generate very powerful effects. These comments would also be applicable to Gada, Shakata, Vihaga, Vajra, Yava and Kamal Yogas in which all the planets are placed in angular houses from rising sign.
(5) Pure Ashraya Yoga will be formed if all the seven planets occupy three angular houses from each other. If all the planets occupy any one sign, Gola (Sankhya) Yoga will be formed. If all the planets are placed in two angular signs, either of the Yogas - Gada, Shakata or Vihaga will be formed. If all the planets are placed in all the four Kendra houses, Vajra, Yava or Kamal Yogas are formed.
(6) It is important to note that whenever any Nabhasa Yoga is formed involving angular houses (signs) from each other, the results of such Yogas will certainly be affected by one of the three Ashraya Yogas depending upon the signs (moveable, dual, or fixed).
(7) Ashraya Yogas can be formed when all the seven planets are placed in Kendra (angular), Panaphara (Succedent) or Apoklima (Cadent) houses. When the planets are placed in Panaphara or Apoklima houses, the results will be mild and may be felt in the later part of the life.
(8) The Sun, Mercury and Venus will always be together in one sign whenever Ashraya yogas are formed. This is true for all the Nabhasa Yogas when formed by placement of planets in angular or trinal houses from each after. In such cases, the Sun will act as benefic.
DALA YOGA : When only benefics or malefics occupy angular houses, then two kinds of Dala Yogas are formed. In Nabhasa Yogas, when the Sun is placed with benefic planets, it acts as a benefic. The Sun placed with malefics or not conjoined with any planet will act as mild malefic in Nabhasa Yogas. The Moon will always be considered as a benefic. As such Saturn, Mars and Sun (when not with benefics) are considered malefics. Moon, Mercury, Venus and Jupiter and also Sun (When with Benefics) will act as benefics. The necessary explanations are already given in this article
Dala Yoga basically means that benefic and malefic planets are segregated from each other. The effect of these Yogas will be most effective when formed in Kendras from the Lagna.
(i) Maala Yoga: If all the benefics occupy three angular houses, and the malefic are placed in houses other than the Kendras, Maala Yoga is formed.
Effects: Maala Yoga will make the native always happy, endowed with conveyance, robes, food and other articles to enjoy life; such natives will prove to be good husbands and will be endowed with the company of females of good character.
Parasara has brought out two points in this Yoga:
(a) Any reference house will be strengthened and endowed with good qualities if the remaining three angular houses are occupied by benefices, whether it be the ascendant, Moon, Sun, Paaka Lagna, Lagna Pada or any other reference point or house.
(b) Benefics in angular houses generate a righteous and splendorous life, free from passion and greed.
Some authorities believe that the Moon is not included among the benefic planets in this Yoga. This is an erroneous view. However, the Moon may also be considered as an ascendant for this Yoga. Venus and Mercury will always be together in this Yoga. If the Moon and Jupiter occupy two angular houses, the auspiciousness of the Yoga can be judged by the readers themselves. This Yoga will be operative if the Moon is also in an angular house with benefics, otherwise the Maala Yoga may not be fully effective. The Maala Yoga will be even more effective if a benefic planet owns the sign rising in the ascendant.
(ii) Bhujang (Sarpa) Yoga: If all the malefics occupy three angular houses and the benefics are placed in houses other than the angular ones, Bhujang (Sarpa) Yoga is formed.
Effects: The native born in Sarpa Yoga will be a crook, cruel, endowed with self-inflicted poverty, always surrounded with miseries of all kinds, and always looking to enjoy others' food and drink.
Such Yogas are rarely formed. There are only two malefics Saturn and Mars. When Saturn and Mars are in an angular position and the third angle is joined by Sun (not conjunct with Mercury or Venus), only then this yoga is formed.
( This Yoga is of a common occurrence in horoscopes and yields to adverse results if Rahu and Ketu are placed in 4th and 10th houses, though it may not fall in the category of Nabhas yoga ).
The Sarpa yoga generates extreme passion and greed. The other features are already discussed under Maala Yoga.
COMPARISONS BETWEEN ASHRAYA AND DALA YOGAS : As explained above Ashraya Yogas are formed and operate in their purest form if all the seven planets occupy three angular houses. If all planets are in one, two or four angular houses, then other kinds of Akriti Yogas become more effective.
In the two Dala Yogas, the benefics or malefics should occupy three angular houses. This means that Dala Yogas are an extension of Ashraya Yogas. In Maala Yoga, if benefics occupy moveable, fixed or dual signs, three different kinds of Yogas are formed. The best results will be seen when all the benefic planets are place in fixed signs in angular houses. Similarly, Bhujang Yoga can be divided into three different categories.
As such, Dala Yogas are a different version of Ashraya Yogas.
AKRITI YOGAS : Parasara discussed 20 main Akriti Yogas in BPHS. The names of the Yogas are given according to the figure that is formed due to the placement of planets in the nativity.
1. Gada Yoga: This Yoga is formed when all the seven planets occupy two successive angles.
Gyan Mukta says:
एवं चतुर्ध कथितो गदारव्यः शुभाशुभैः खेचरकैस्तु सर्वैः।।
According to Muktavali, four kinds of Gada Yogas are formed when all the seven planets occupy successive angular houses. This means that all the planets should occupy the 1st and 4th houses, 4th and 7th houses, 7th and 10th houses or 10th and 1st house from Lagna.
However, if all the planets occupy other successive angular houses, like the 2nd and 5th houses, 3rd and 6th houses and so on, then Gada Yoga also will be operative but the effects will be different.
Effects: The natives of Gada Yoga will put in concerted efforts to earn wealth, will perform sacrificial rites, will be skilful and efficient in the knowledge of Shastras and will be endowed with wealth, gold and precious stones.
Such results are powerful if all planets are placed in houses in angles from the ascendant. I have already explained the reasons in my notes on Ashraya Yogas that the planets generate very powerful Yogas if placed in Kendra houses. Gada yoga natives earn wealth by fair means and by using their skill and putting in persistent hard work. The results will be modified according to whether the planets are placed in moveable, fixed or dual signs. This means that the results of Ashraya Yogas are to be correlated with the above effects. The placement of planets in auspicious or powerful houses will not over-ride the signification of the signs. Yogas give effects with the help of the planets, houses and signs, all put together.
Gada Yoga have another interesting feature. Whenever all planets are placed in the adjacent angular houses from the ascendant, these planets will influence and aspect the remaining to angular houses. For an example, if planets occupies fourth house, the native will try to strengthen his physical existence and search for situation and people who can offer material and moral security out of his role in the outside world (which symbolises the 10th house). On the other hand, if planets are occupying the 10th house, the native will not only draw away from the concern of the family and home, but he will find solace and fulfillment in enhancing social status, career, profession and may seek honour from people of authority.
Except in the case of Gada Yoga, when all the seven plants occupy two houses (signs), Parasara and other Jataka Granthas have mostly indicated mixed or bad results. Such yogas are the four Akriti Yogas namely Shakata, Vihaga, Sringataka and Hala and one sankhya-yoga namely Yupa.
2. Shakata Yoga: This Yoga is formed when all the seven planets occupy the ascendant and the seventh houses jointly.
Effects: Shakata means some kind of vehicle. The persons born in Shakata Yoga will be afflicted by diseases, will have ugly or diseased nails, will be foolish, will earn living by pulling (or driving) vehicles/carts, will be poor (able to meet both ends with difficulty), devoid of friends and relatives (as he will be always on move). Varaha Mihira says such a person will have a mean wife. Lagna Chandrika adds that he will be clever in money matters, and in spite of other problems, he will have a happy disposition and will have stable sources of finance.
Shakata Yoga involves the Ascendant and the seventh house, which represent the self and partners. These houses are complementary to each other. Malefic influence indicates a mean wife and a profession involving travel. Parasara says that the seventh house represents wife, journey and even absence from home without any prior information. This Yoga yields better results if malefic planets own the ascendant and benefics are placed therein. In such an event, Lagna Pada will fall in the tenth house and the planets in the Ascendant will provide Subha Argala on it.
3. Vihaga Yoga: This Yoga is formed when all the seven planets occupy the 4th and 10th houses from the Ascendant.
Effects: Vihaga means bird, which always flies from one place to another. The persons born in Vihaga Yoga will be fond of roaming, earn with the help of subordinate jobs, act as a messenger (or tale bearer), act as a pimp i.e. sustain himself on professions which depend on prostitution or trading in women, be shameless and always ready to pick quarrels. Lagna Chandrika says that the native enjoys and feels happy in roaming around, in picking quarrels and acting as a pimp for prostitutes.
The fourth house represents Mana - mind and as such controls the inclinations and character of the individual. On the other hand the 10th house represents profession (some authorities say livelihood of an unstable nature). When all the planets are in the 4th and 10th houses, all the important Lagnas (except the Ascendant) will also fall in this axis i.e. Moon, Sun, Paaka Lagna and Pada Lagna. This Yoga generates defects in character because malefics occupy the 4th/10th axis. In the present day context, this Yoga generates an inclination for professions like salesmanship, marketing jobs, modelling, and prostitution, indulgence in sex activities etc. The above results shall accrue if malefics and benefics are mixed in two houses. If malefics will be placed in 4th house and benefics are in 10th house, the person will earn money by fair means but indulge in notorious activities. However in the reverse case, the person may be a dacoit, swindler etc, but will be of a charitable disposition. Ashraya Yogas will modify the effect according to the nature of the signs placed in angular houses.
If all the planets are placed in opposite houses, say 2nd and 8th, 3rd and 9th, 5th and 11th, or 6th and 12th, the results will be worse than in Shakata and Vihaga Yogas.
It may be pointed out that in these Yogas, the Sun, Venus and Mercury will always occupy one house, and the placement of the Moon, Jupiter, Mars and Saturn will generate different kinds of effects. As in Kendra houses, the Moon and Jupiter will form a Gajakesri Yoga, a stable source of income is foreseen in both the Yogas, inspite of poverty and other defects. Such persons will not cheat others unless influenced by Rahu/Ketu or by other adverse Yogas.
Parasara has indicated four different kinds of Yogas, when all the seven planets occupy all the four angular houses. These Yogas are Vajra, Yava, Kamal and Vaapi. Horasara indicates three Yogas namely Mangala, Madhya and Kleeba. Kamal and Mangala Yogas are the same. Yavana Jataka makes two additional divisions of Vaapi Yoga, namely Madhya Yoga (when all planets are in Panphara houses) and Kleeba Yoga (when all planets are in Apoklima houses).
4. Vajara Yoga: If all the benefics occupy the Ascendant and 7th house and malefics occupy the 4th and 10th houses, Vajra Yoga is formed.
5. Yava Yoga: If all the malefics occupy the ascendant and 7th house and benefics occupy the 4th and 10th houses, Yava Yoga is formed.
These are very important Yogas and have far-reaching implications. Varaha Mihira in Chapter 12, Sloka 6 says:
पूर्वशास्त्रानुसारेण मा ज्रादः कृताः।
चतुर्थभवने सूर्याज्ज्ञसितो भवतः कथम्।।
I have described the Vajra and other Yogas adopting the view of former writers. How can Mercury and Venus occupy the 4th sign from the Sun?
I wish to make following observations on these Yogas:
(1) The objection of Varaha Mihira is valid. Some authorities tried to prove the validity of the Yoga in a round about manner. Such explanations do not have much worth when Varaha Mihira raises the finger of doubt based on some specific principle. It appears that Varaha Mihira objects on two specific grounds; number one, Mercury and Venus cannot fall in angular houses from Sun and number two, that the Sun is a malefic and falls in same category as Saturn and Mars. The first objection is based on an astronomical reality which cannot be wished away by giving any argument.
(2) With regard to the validity of second objection, the following observations are to be examined. Parasara originally narrated these Yogas around 1800 B.C. Satyacharya and other authorities had adopted them. Sage Parasara was surely aware about such objections. I have already given reasons in the Introduction of this article, that the Sun will act as a Kurura (not malefic) when placed alone or with malefics. The Sun will act as benefic when placed with benefics. Mars and Saturn will always act as Malefics .The Moon, Mercury, Venus and Jupiter will always act as benefics. Under the circumstances, Vajra and Yava Yogas are fully operable and their formation is not affected by the presence of the Sun with benefics i.e. with Venus and Mercury. Jaimini Updesh Sutras also accepts the Sun as a benefic and considers it a malefic only in special circumstances.
3. There are some other interesting and special features In Vajra and Yava Yogas. Malefics and benefics are segregated in these Yogas like in the two Dala Yogas. In Vajra Yoga, benefics occupy the 1st and 7th house axis and in Yava Yoga the 4th and 10th house axis. Parasara has given a very specific condition for Kamal Yoga that no angular house should be vacant and malefics and benefics should be placed mixed together and not in segregated form. In Gada Yoga the planets occupy adjacent angular houses but there is no such condition that malefics and benefics should he placed either in a mixed or segregated condition, whereas for Vajra and Yava Yogas there is no specific condition that all the four houses should be occupied. This gives the following interesting possibilities:
(a) If either Ascendant or seventh house is occupied by all benefic planets and similarly either the 4th or 10th house is occupied with all malefic planets, the effects of Gada Yoga will be operative duly modified by Vajra Yoga. (This means that the malefics and benefics are placed in a segregated condition but also forming Gada yoga.)
(b) Similarly, if either the Ascendant or seventh house is occupied by malefics and either the 4th or 10th house is occupied by benefics, the effects of Gada Yoga will be operative, duly modified by Yava Yoga.
(c) The further modification of these results will be necessary according to Ashraya Yoga, depending on whether moveable, fixed or dual signs are placed in the angular houses.
(d) Vajra and Yava Yogas will operate fully if all the angular houses are occupied.
(e) If only three angular houses are occupied, the effect of Asharya Yogas will be more prominent.
(f) Similarly, in Dala Yogas, the condition is that three angular houses are occupied by either benefics or malefics, but then the planets should be placed in a segregated manner. Parasara has not put specific emphasis that all the three angles should be occupied (unlike Kamal yoga where all angular houses must be occupied). Let us take the example of Maala yoga. From the Ascendant or any other house, if the other three angular houses (it may be either one or two or all the three) are occupied by benefics and these houses are not occupied by malefics, Maala Yoga will be operative. Of course, it would be more effective if all three angles are occupied. Let us suppose that if all the three angular houses from a malefic plant are occupied by all the benefics, then the Dasa of the malefic planet will not be adverse. In the case of Vajra yoga, if all the malefics are placed in the 4th or 10th house (either one of the two houses) and benefics occupy both the 1st and 10th houses, a partial effect of Maala Yoga will be operative and the adverse results will be considerably reduced. Similarly, if benefics are placed in one house and malefics occupy both the other houses, the adverse results will grossly increase on account of the partial effects of Sarpa Yoga. At the same time, Ashraya Yogas will be operative in full as only three angular houses are occupied.
Ashraya, Dala, Gada, Sakata, Vihaga, Vajra, and Yava Yoga are formed based on angular houses; as such these Yogas are inter-dependent on each other and should not be viewed in isolation.
Effects of Vajra Yoga: The native born in this Yoga will be happy, valorous and charming in the beginning and at the end of his life. In the middle position of his life and during his young age, he will be devoid of desires and fortunes and will be villainous and inimical to people.
All Jataka Granthas have followed Parasara and narrated almost similar results for Vajra Yoga. The affliction to the 4th and 10th houses makes existence difficult in middle age and generates bad character.
Effects of Yava Yoga: The native of this Yoga is happy in the middle portion of his life, is endowed with wealth and progeny, is of a charitable disposition and has firmness of mind. Due to the auspicious influence on the 4th and 10th houses, the native will observe fasts and religious rites and has Satvika feelings. Such a native suffers grief and sorrow in the beginning (childhood) and at the end of life i.e. in old age.
Auspicious influences on the 4th and 10th houses brings peace of mind and the native enjoys excellent mental and physical health. Malefic influences on the ascendant and seventh house bring disease, miseries and sorrow in childhood and in old age particularly after the age of 54 years. This Yoga is more beneficial in middle age if ascending sign is owned by benefics. If the ascending sign is of dual nature, the native will suffer from some kind of permanent disability in the body.
6. Kamal Yoga: Kamal Yoga (Yavan Jataka calls it Mangla Yoga) is formed when all the seven planets occupy all the four angular houses from the ascendant. No angular house should be vacant. Further, malefics and benefics should be mixed with each other.
Effects: This is a rare but very powerful Yoga. All Jataka Granthas accept the view of Parasara. In Indian mythology the lotus is a symbol of purity, beauty and elegance. Parasara says that a native born in Kamal (lotus) Yoga will be endowed with grandeur and be virtuous, long-lived, free from untimely death, very famous and pure, will perform hundreds of auspicious deeds and be ruler of the earth. Yavanacharya says that such a native will do auspicious acts during his whole lifetime and will be an able and powerful orator. He will have beautiful and auspicious progeny, be long-lived and intelligent.
In fact, Kamal Yoga has the capability to purify the person and take away all the evils generated by other Yogas. God incarnate, Lord Rama had 5 planets in the Kendra houses. (I have not come across any horoscope so far having all the seven planets in all the four angular houses.)
7. Vapi Yoga: This Yoga is formed when all the seven planets occupy houses other than the angular houses. (In Vapi Yoga, all the planets should not be confined either to Panphara or Apoklima houses only).
Effects: The person born in Vapi Yoga will be skilful in accumulating wealth and also skilful in earning wealth, will be endowed with enduring wealth and happiness, be blessed with progeny, will enjoy art, dancing and surroundings which are pleasing to the eyes and will live like a king. Varaha Mihira says that such persons will live in moderate comfort over a long period, will be able to invest his savings in secured investments, and be a miser. Jataka Bharana says that such persons are skilful in earning wealth, are famous in their community, happy, proficient in some skills, beautiful but enjoy happiness at a moderate level.
This is a common Yoga found in many nativities when seven planets fall in eight houses other than the angular houses. The results will vary to a great extent from native to native. For example, if the Ascendant lord occupies the 6th, 8th or 12th house, the miseries in life may increase, whereas placement of the Ascendant lord in a trine, the 2nd or 11th house will be beneficial. This is the reason, why the Jataka Granthas have given different results. On the other hand, if most of the malefics occupy the 3rd and 6th houses and the benefics occupy the 2nd, 5th, 9th and 11th houses, this Yoga will yield better results.
Horasara gives the following two Yogas (as an additional version of Kamal and Vapi yogas):
7(a) Madhya Yoga: When all the planets occupy panaphar (2nd, 5th, 8th and 11th) houses, Madhya yoga is formed.
EFFECTS: The native of this Yoga will live in other countries, be troubled by relatives and be timid in nature. He will not have lasting wealth, will have few issues and will be in a bad state at the time of death.
7(b) Kleeba Yoga: When all the planets occupy Apoklima (3rd, 6th, 9th and 12th) houses, Kleeba Yoga will be formed.
Effects: The native born in this Yoga will be grieved, will live away from his birthplace, be in the company of mean women and be fond of disputes. He will have a short life and his death may occur in a distant place away from home.
Kamal, Madhya and Kleeba Yogas are generally not found in horoscopes. I feel that even if 5 or 6 planets are in angular houses from each other, these Yogas will be operative to a great extent. The results of these Yogas should be read along with Ashraya Yogas, because angular houses will have signs of a similar nature. Jupiter and Saturn occupy angular houses at an interval of about five (5) years, when the formation of such Yogas are possible.
YOGAS BASED ON PLACEMENT IN TRINAL HOUSES
8. Shringataka Yoga: Shrinagataka Yoga is formed when all the seven planets occupy trines from Ascendant (1st, 5th and 9th). (The placement of planets in even two trinal houses from the Ascendant will make this Yoga operative, because shringataka means horns.)
Effects: The native born in Shringataka Yoga will be fond of quarrels, study in battles, be of happy disposition, dear to the king (i.e. influential persons in society), endowed with an auspicious wife, otherwise he may have an inimical disposition towards women. Varaha Mihira says that such persons will be slaves to their wives.
In general this Yoga generates auspicious, prosperous and happy results. This is basically on account of the presence of Jupiter in a trine, from where it also aspects the other two trine houses. Mercury, Venus and Sun will always be together in this Yoga. This Yoga is possible when Saturn and Jupiter are trine to each other. Such a combination occurs at an interval of about seven (7) years.
9. Hal Yoga: This Yoga is formed when all the planets are placed in trines to each other, except the trines from the Lagna, i.e. when all the planets occupy the 2 nd, 6 th and 10th houses, or the 3 rd, 7 th, and 11th houses or the 4 th, 8 th and 12th houses.
Effects: Such persons earn money after putting in a lot of physical labour, have a big appetite (gluttonous), are penurious, lead a miserable life, earn their livelihood by agriculture and upbringing of animals (like cow, horses, sheep etc.), work like a servant. As a matter of fact, such persons earn their livelihood after putting in a lot of hard work and labour.
This is a combination of trade and commerce with the help of relatives and friends. Each trinal placement, of course will give different effects. However, Jataka Granthas give only general results for this Yoga.
It may be noted that when Jupiter and Saturn are conjunct, there arise possibilities of formation of many powerful yogas, which require the position of all the planets in angular or trinal houses. This is the reason why the conjunction of Jupiter and Saturn brings epochal and far-reaching changes in society. These conjunctions occur every 20 years with an advance of about 123 degrees from previous conjunction. This conjunction occurs in the same sign after about 60 years with a mean advance of about 9 degrees from the previous conjunction. In about 794 years, Jupiter and Saturn conjoin almost on the same degree (the difference may be one degree only). As such Saturn and Jupiter control Epochal events with a cycle of about 20 years, 60 years and a final cycle of 794 years. These conjunctions always bring far-reaching effects when they occur in the sign of Aries. In the last 120 years these conjunctions occurred on April 18, 1881 at the 10th degree, on October 20, 1940 at the 20th degree (when both the planets were retrograde), again on Febraury 15, 1941 at the 16th degree, and finally on May 28, 2000 at the 29th degree in the sign Aries . The twentieth century (52nd century of Kaliyuga era) has seen, without any iota of doubt, epoch-making changes in the field of scientific achievements and unprecedented changes in social order all over the world.
The importance of Kamal and Shringatak Yogas may be looked at from this point of view also, as these Yogas are controlled by the cycles of Saturn and Jupiter. Maharishi Parasara may have indicated powerful effects for these yogas on account of such considerations.
10. Yupa Yoga: This Yoga is formed when all the planets are placed in the first four houses from the Ascendant (i.e. in 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th houses). Parasara has not imposed the condition that all the four houses should be occupied, but the Yoga will be most effective if all the houses are occupied and no house in between is unoccupied. (If one house is vacant, Shoola Yoga, a Sankhya Yoga, will be more effective).
Effects: The persons born in Yupa Yoga will have spiritual knowledge, will be interested in doing sacrificial rites (Yajnas), be endowed with wife and valour, interested in keeping fasts and other religious observations and be distinguished.
All Jataka Granthas have given similar auspicious results for Yupa Yoga. There is a rule for Graha Maalika Yogas that the house from where Yoga commences, controls the good effects of the Yoga. In Yupa Yoga, the Lagna should be powerful. The above auspicious results will be felt in full measure if the Ascendant, 2nd and 4th houses are occupied by benefics and the 3rd house by malefics.
11. Shara (Arrow) Yoga: When all the seven planets occupy four houses from 4th house (i.e. 4th, 5th, 6th and 7th houses), Shara Yoga is formed. Varaha Mihira calls it Ishu or Vana Yoga.
Effects: The person born in this Yoga will be a maker of arrows, be the head of a prison, will earn money by hunting animals in forests, be a non-vegetarian (tamasic food), be of a violent disposition and a creator of low class and rough handicrafts. Varaha Mihira adds that such persons will indulge in torture.
The persons of such Yogas generally indulge in activities like manufacturing weapons for unlawful objectives. Their handiwork will lack refinement and fine skill. In case the 4th house is auspicious and powerfully disposed, this yoga will lead to favorable results.
12. Shakti Yoga: When all the planets occupy four houses from the 7th house (i.e. 7th, 8th, 9th and 10th), Shakti Yoga is formed.
Effects: This Yoga signifies denial of wealth, the native will be unsuccessful in undertakings, miserable, have a mean and lazy disposition, be cruel, well-versed in the art of war, in the modern context be adept in winning arguments or convincing others, be of a firm disposition and will ultimately obtain good results. Varaha Mihira says the person will not be skilled in work and will be without money and comfort.
Parasara's views are more balanced. According to him, such persons will ultimately win the day on account of their firm disposition and capability and determination to convince others.
13. Danda (Stick) Yoga: When all the planets occupy four houses from the 10th house (i.e. 10th, 11th, 12th and 1st), Danda Yoga is formed.
Effects: Such persons will be away from wife, children and their own wealth, may have to adopt cruel methods, live away from their relatives and friends, be miserable, and may even serve mean people. Varaha Mihira says that such persons will be separated from persons affectionate to them and will not hesitate to earn their livelihood by employing low class means.
In Sanskrit, Danda is indicative of persons who roam away from place of birth in the search of livelihood. In olden days this was a bad indication and the evils attached to such circumstances are mentioned in this Yoga. In the modern age such a Yoga may prove a boon for persons who try to settle or visit distant lands for their livelihood. In horoscopes in which the 10th, 11th, 12th and 1st houses are occupied, the native either settles down in a foreign country or may visit foreign countries frequently to earn money.