कहाँ पर कैसे मनाते हैं दीपावली

kahan par kaise manate hain dipavli  

Ank ke aur Lekh | Sambandhit Lekh | Views : 3955 |  
kahan par kaise manate hain dipavli? hidi bhashi kshetron men sabhyata aur sanskritik samya hone ke karan dipavli manane ke tarike men fark nahi hai lekin uttar bharat evan dakshin bharat men dipavli mahaparva manane ke taur tarikon men kuch fark a jata hai kyonki dakshin bharat men dravir jati ki sanskriti se mili-juli sabhyata hai jabki uttar bharat men aisi bat nahin hai. madhyapradesh, jharkhand, asam, meghalay, manipur, tripura ityadi rajyon men adivasiyon ki sankhya adhik hai. islie adivasi bahul kshetron men dipdan to kiya jata hai lekin adivasi log- striyan evan purush donon - milakar mandir par nritya karte hain. dhanteras ke samay yam ke nimitt jo diya jalaya jata hai, vah ghar ke mukhya dvar par rakha jata hai. kamna ki jati hai ki vah dip akal mrityu ke pravesh ko rok sake. aisa vivek jagae jo svasthya, shakti aur shanti de. yam ki bahan yamuna nadi jin kshetron men bahti hai, un kshetron men yah vishesh puja ka din bhi hai. us din shraddhalu yamuna men yam ko manane ki bhavna se snan karte hain. dipavli mahaparva ka pahla dip jalakar shuru hue mahotsav ka ek ang naye baratan kharidna bhi hai taki lakshmi pujan ke lie bhog, prasad apne ghar men hi naye baratan men ban saken. hindi bhashi kshetron men dipavli ke din gharaunda banane ki bhi paranpra hai. usmen kai prakar ke anaj mitti ke bartnon men rakhe jate hain. iske piche yahi bhavna hai ki pratyek vyakti ka apna ghar ho aur vah anaj se bhara rah jab varsha kal bitta hai aur dharti hari bhari hoti hai, nai fasal ki shuruat sare dukh daridray ko dur fatkarne lagti hai. log isi khushi men bare hi anandpurvak dipavli manate hain. panjab pradesh, hariyana, rajasthan, gujrat ityadi rajyon men dipavli dhumdham se manai jati hai. in rajyon men dipavli ke avasar par log dip to jalate hi hain, sath hi sath samuhik rup se nritya bhi karte hain- rajasthan men rajasthani nritya hota hai to gujrat men gujrati nritya. bihar, jharkhand, uttarapradesh, uttaranchal, gujrat, rajasthan, panjab, hariyana, kashmir, himachal pradesh ityadi rajyon men dipavli mahaparva ke din madhya ratri men, prayah sinh lagn men lakshmi ki puja archana karte hain. in rajyon men gharon men gharaunda banane ke atirikt rangoli banate hain jo vyakti vishesh ki kalakriti ka bodh karate hain. uttaranchal men to vishesh rup se pure ghar-angan men mahilaen geru ka lep kar uske upar besvar (chaval ka ata) se lakshmi ke charan chihn banati hain aur unke upar mitti ke diye jalati hain. log gharon evan apni-apni dukanon ke samne kele ke vriksh kat kar garte hain aur unmen bans ke fatthe ityadi lagakar dip jalate hain. kuch log akashdip, (kandil) banate hain aur uske bich men bijli ka balb laga dete hain. bachche fuljhriyan patakhe adi bajaron se kharidte hain. pratyek ghar men mithaiyan banti hain. jo ganesh ji ko evan lakshmi ji ko prasad ke rup men mithai charhai jati hain. pratyek ghar ki safai evan putai bhi hoti hai. khirkiyon, darvajon ki rang, evan varnish ityadi se putai hoti hai jisse purane bhavan bhi naye pratit hote hain. makanon ki umra barh jati hai. dipavli ki ratri men log apne gharon men puri rat prakash jalakar rakhte hain, kuch log ratri jagaran bhi karte hain. aisi manyata hai ki dipavli ki ratri men lakshmi ji bhraman karti hain aur gharon ke darvaje ko khula rakhne se lakshmi ka agaman hoga. hindi bhashi kshetra men jahan lakshmi ki puja ki jati hai, dipavli ke din chandi ka sikka kharidte hain. amir log gahna ityadi kharidte hain. pashchim bangal men dipavli ki madhyaratri men log kali ki puja archana karte hain. asam, manipur, nagalaind tripura ityadi purvi rajyon men bhi kali ki puja ki jati hai. dipavli ki madhya ratri tantra sadhna ke lie sabse upyukt mani jati hai. islie asam men sthit kamakhya devi ke mandir men kafi sankhya men log dipavli ki madhya ratri men tantra sadhna karte hain. dipavli mahaparva karmathata evan jagrukta ka sandesh deta hai. rat bhar jagakar pratiksha karne ka arth hai jagruk rahte hue purusharth karna. udyami, prayatnashil aur purusharthi vyakti par hi lakshmi prasann hoti hain. dipavli mahaparva ki ratri shobha dekhne par parilok ki kalpana sakar ho uthti hai. lakshmi aur kali ek dusre ki paryay hanai. kamakhya men sati ka kamakshetra girne se kamakhya shakti pith bana. paranpragat bhasha men asam ko kamrup pradesh ke rup men jana jata hai. yahan dipavli mahaparva ke avasar par tantrik log ratri ke samay vishesh rup s e shakti sadhna m ne jatu e rahat e han.ai yah jagrat shakti pith hai. kalka puran ke anusar kamakhya ka mandir narkasur dvara nirmit hai. dipavli, vaise to pure bharatavarsh men saman rup se manai jati hai, fir bhi sthanbhed se kuch anchlik visheshtaen dekhne ko milti hain. lakshmipuja, dip jalana, mithaiyan bantna, khil-batase ban. tana, patakhe, fuljhriyan, kandil adi to dipavli men samanya rup se shamil hote hi hain parantu kuch anchlik sandarbhon men vishesh rup se dipavli ke manae jane ka ullekh karna uchit hoga. panjab: duniya men sabse alishan dipavli panjab ke amritasar gurudvare men manai jati hai. duniya ki sabse mashhur dipavli amritasar ki dipavli hai. gurudva are ko aise sajaya jata hai, mano akash se sare tare utar kar usmen a sama gae hon. atishbaji men bhi amritasar avval hai. panjab evan anya rajyon men bhi din men log khariddari karte hain. makanon ki putai ki jati hai. dipmala sajai jati hai. lakshmi puja ki jati hai. ghar men sabhi log baithakar lakshmi ki puja karte hain. log bajaron se tarh-tarah ki mithaiyan v patakhe kharidte hain. dipavli ke parva ko bachche, bare, burhe sabhi mil kar manate hain. is din log ek dusre ke ghar mithaiyan bantte hain. log nae-nae kapre pahnte hain. rat ke samay charon or sirf patakhon ki hi ganuj sunai deti hai. akash bhi dikhai nahin deta. charon taraf rang birangi roshniyan dekhne ko milti hain. bajar men kai-kai tarah ke patakhe dekhne ko milte hain. ganvon ke log bhi dipavli dhum dham se manate hain. is din kai lage dua bhi karat e h.ain hariyana: hariyana ke ganv men log dipavli kuch alag hi dhang se manate hain. dipavli ke kuch din pahle log apni gharon ki putai karvate hain. dipavli ke din ghar ki ek divar par ahoi mata ki pratima banai jati hai, jis par ghar ke pratyek admi ka nam likha jata hai. pujan se pahle lakshmi mata ka chitra rakha jata hai. uske age khil, batase, khilaune rakhe jate hain v unke upar ghi dala jata hai. uske bad use jalaya jata hai taki lakshmi prasann hon. tatpashchat sare angan men momabattiyon v dipkon ki roshni ki jati hai. pratyek ghar se char dipak harek chairahe par rakhe jate hain, jise tona mana jata hai. fir ek dusre ke ghar mithaiyan banti jati hain v uske bad patakhe chalae jate hain. hariyana ke shahron ki dipavli men ek anokha rivaj aj bhi prachlit hai. us din aurten kisi bhi chote akele bachche ko dekhakar uski guddi se bal ukhar leti hain. yah bhi jadu-tone ka ek rup hai. kolkata: yahi ek matra aisi jagah hai jahan dipavli ke din lakshmi pujan nahin hota. yahan durga pujan se do din bad lakshmipuja hoti hai v dipavli ki ratri men kali puja hoti hai. ghar ki sajavat, v putai ki jati hai. dipavli to anya rajyon ke saman hi manai jati hai, parantu lakshmi puja nahin hoti. ghar ke angan men vishesh rangoli banai jati hai. angan men hi tulsi ki puja bhi ki jati hai. shesh sabhi karya ek jaise hi hote hanai. bihar: bihar ki dipavli bhi ek saman hi hai. yahan lakshmi puja ka khas mahatva hai. sabhi ghar ke log ikðe baithakar karte hain. ghar ki sajavat v mithaiyan banti jati hain, dipak jalaen jate hain aur patakhe chalae jate hain sath hi nae kapre pahnne ka rivaj bhi hai. is din ghar ka bara apne se chote ko koi chij dhan svarup deta hai jaise gay, bhains, bachra adi. angan men rangoli bhi hoti hai. nepal: nepal ki dipavli apne ap men ek anokhi dipavli hai. pahle ghar men safedi ki putai ki jati hai, fir use sajaya jata hai. angan men rangoli banai jati hai. sabhi parivar ke log nae kapre pahnte hain. ve apne rishtedaron ko bhojan par bulate hain. ghar men vishesh prakar ke bhojan banae jate hain. pujan men lakshmi, kaue, kutte v anya devi devtaon ki puja hoti hai. ghar men charon taraf dipmala jalai jati hai. aisa pratit hota hai jaise pure akash ke tare dharti par utar ae hon. vishesh: uttar pradesh ke jila lakhnpur men dipavli ke din lakshmi pujan havan karke kiya jata hai jimsen lakshmi ji ke mantron ka uchcharan kiya jata hai. ise lakshmi havan kaha jata hai. kuch anchlik vibhinnataon ke bavjud dipavli pure desh men harshollas ke sath manai jati hai. bachchon ka to yah vishesh priya parva hai kyonki bachchon ko patakhe aur mithaiyan bahut pasand hoti hain.
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tantra, mantra evan mahalakshmi visheshank  November 2007

tantra mantra ka apsi sambandh, mahalakshmi ji ki upasna evan dipavli pujan, tantra mantra dvara dhan prapti, shri prapti men sahayak shri yantra, dipavli par ki jane vali tantrik siddhiyan, shri sukt, lakshmi sukt adi mantron ka mahatva

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