पुण्यदायक है माघ मास

punyadayak hai magh mas  

Ank ke aur Lekh | Sambandhit Lekh | Views : 2611 |  
punyadayak hai magh mas (11 janvri se 09 farvri 2009 tak) pan. brajkishor bharadvaj 'brajvasi' kaha gaya hai ki vrat, dan aur tapasya se bhi bhagvan shri hari ko utni prasannata nahin hoti, jitni magh mahine men snan matra se hoti hai. islie svargalabh, sabhi papon se mukti aur bhagvan vasudev ki priti prapt karne ke lie maghasnan karna chahie. bha ratiya sanvatsar ka gyarhvan chandramas aur dasvan saurmas 'magh' mahlata hai. is mahine magha nakshatra ki purnima hone se iska nam magh para hai. dharmik-adhyatmik drishti se is mas ka vishesh mahatva hai. is mas men pratyek din pratahkal til, jal, pushp, kush aur dravya lekar is prakar sankalp karna chahie- kk tatsat adya maghe masi amukapakshe amuktithimarambh ravin yavat amuk gotraah amuk sharma ;varma/gupto'handdh vaikunth nivas purvak shri vishnuprityarthan pratah snanan karishye. ;amuk ke sthan par sanbandhit tathyon ka uchcharan karen.ddh iske bad nimn prarthana karni chahie- duahkh daridrya nashay shrivishno stoshnay ch. pratah snanan karomyadya maghe papvinashanam॥ makarasthe ravau maghe govindachyut madhav. snanenanen me dev yathoktafalado bhav॥ divakar jagannath prabhakar namo'stute. paripurnan kurushvedan maghasnanan mahavratam॥ maghmasmiman punyan snamyahan dev madhav. tirthasyasya jale nityan prasid bhagavan hare. jal kahin bhi ho, gangajal ke saman hota hai. fir bhi prayag, kashi, naimisharanya, haridvar, kurukshetra tatha anya pavitra tirthon aur nadiyon men snan ka bara hi mahatva hai. nityaprati snan danadi karne se anant fal ki prapti hoti hai. magh mas ke snan ka praranbh paush mas ki purnima se hota hai. yadi magh men malmas ho aur snan nishkam bhav se keval dharm drishti rakhakar kiya jae, to uska samapan 30 din men hi kar dena chahie aur yadi sakam bhav se kiya jae, to donon maghon ke 60 din tak snan karna chahie. snan ka samay suryoday se purva shreshth hota hai. uske bad jitna vilanb ho utna hi nishfal hota hai. pratah kal snan karne vale ke pas dusht (bhut-pret adi) nahin ate. isse sharir svachch hota hai aur punya ki prapti hoti hai. pratah kal snan karne valon ko sundar rup, tej, bal, dirghayu, arogya, medha adi ki prapti hoti hai, vah lobh se mukt ho jata hai aur use duahsvapn nahin ate hain- gun dash snanaparasya sadho. rupan ch tejashch balan ch shaucham. ayushyamarogyamlolupatvan duahsvapn nashashch tapashch medhaah ॥ (dakshasmriti a. 2/13) tirthon men snan ka suavasar prapt n ho sake to tirthon ka smaran karen athva ''pushkaradini tirthani gangadyah saritastatha. agachchantu pavitrani snankale sada mam॥ haridvare kushavarte bilvake nilaparvate. snatva kankhle tirthe punarjanm n vidyate॥'' ''ayodhya mathura maya kanchi avantika. puri dvaravti gyaeyaah saptaita mokshadayikaah॥'' ''gange ch yamune chaiv godavri sarasvati. narmade sindhu kaveri jale'smin sannidhin kuru॥'' adi mantron ka uchcharan karen. is mas men shital jal ke bhitar dubki lagane vale manushya papmukt ho kar svarg lok jate hain. hari kirtan ke mahatva ka varnan karte hue gosvami tulsidas ji ne shriramchritmanas men likha hai- magh makaragat ravi jab hoi. tirthptihin av sab koi॥ dev danuj kinnar nar shrenin. sadar majjahi sakal tribenin. pujhin madhav pad jaljata. parsi akhay batuhrphingata॥ padmapuran ke uttarakhand men maghmas ke mahatmya ka varnan karte hue kaha gaya hai ki vrat, dan aur tapasya se bhi bhagvan shri hari ko utni prasannata nahin hoti, jitni magh mahine men snan matra se hoti hai. islie svargalabh, sabhi papon se mukti aur bhagvan vasudev ki priti prapt karne ke lie maghasnan karna chahie- vratairdanaistapobhishch n tatha priyate hariah. maghamajjanamatren yatha prinati keshvah॥ pritye vasudevasya sarvapapapnuttaye. maghasnanan prakurvit svargalabhay manvah. is magh mas men purnima ko jo vyakti brahmavaivartapuran ka dan karta hai, use brahmalok ki prapti hoti hai. puranan brahmavaivart yo dadyanmaghmasi ch. paurnamasyan shubhdine brahmaloke mahiyate॥ (matsya puran 43/35) is mas men snan, dan, upvas aur bhagvan madhav ki puja atyant faldayi hai. mahabharat ke anushasan parva men ullekh hai- dashtirthasahasrani tisrah kotayastatha paraah॥ samagachchanti madhyan tu prayage bharatarshabh. maghmasan prayage tu niyatah sanshitavratah॥ snatva tu bharatashreshth nirmalah svargamapnuyat. (maha., anu. 25 . 36 -38) he bharat shreshth ! magh mas ki amavasya ko prayag raj men tin karor das hajar anya tirthon ka samagam hota hai. jo niyampurvak uttam vrat ka palan karte hue magh mas men prayag men snan karta hai, vah sab papon se mukt hokar svarg men jata hai. jo magh mas men brahmanon ko til dan karta hai, vah samast jantuon se bhare hue narak ka darshan nahin karta- magh mase tilan yastu brahmanebhyah prayachchati. sarvasatvasmkirnan narkan s n pashyati॥ (maha., anu. 66/8) jo magh mas men niyampurvak roj ek samay bhojan karta hai, vah dhanvan kul men janm lekar apne kutunbjnon men shreshth hota hai. magh tu niyato masmekabhakten yah kshipet. shrisatkute jatimadhye s mahatvan prapadyate॥ (maha. anu. 106/21) magh mas ki dvadshi tithi ko din-rat upvas karke bhagvan madhav ki puja karne se upasak ko rajsuya yagya ka fal prapt hota hai aur vah apne kul ka uddhar karta hai. ahoratren dvadashyan maghmase tu madhavam. rajsuyamvapnoti kulan chaiv samuddharet॥ (maha. anu. 109/5) jin logon ki chirkal tak svargalok men rahne ki kamna ho, unhen magh mas men surya ke makrrashi men sthit hone par snan avashya karna chahie. svargaloke chiran vaso yeshan mansi vartate. yatra kvap jale taistu snatavyan mrigbhaskare॥ is prasang men padmapuran men ek bari rochak katha ai hai, jo is prakar hai- prachin kal men narmada ke tat par, suvrat namak ek brahmanadevta nivas karte the. unhonne samast ved-vedangon, dharmashastron, gajvidya, ashvavidya, mantrashastra, sankhyshastra, yogshastra aur chaunsath kalaon ka adhyayan kiya tha. ve anek deshon ki bhashaen aur lipiyan bhi jante the. itne vigya hote hue bhi unhonne apne gyan ka prayog dharmakaryon men nahin kiya, apitu ajivan dhan kamane ke lobh men hi fanse rahe. lobhavash unhonne chandal se bhi dan lene men sankoch nahin kiya aur is prakar unhonne ek lakh svarn mudraen arjit kar lin. dhanoparjan men lage-lage hi unhen vriddhavastha ne a ghera. sara sharir jarjar ho gaya. kal ke prabhav se sari indriyan shithil ho gain aur ve kahin ane-jane men asamarth ho gae. sahsa unka vivek jaga. unhonne socha ki mainne sara jivan dhan kamane men nasht kar diya, apna parlok sudharne ki or kabhi dhyan hi nahin diya. ab mera uddhar kaise ho? mainne to koi satkarm kiya hi nahin. suvrat is prakar pashchatap ki agni men dagdh ho rahe the. udhar ratri men choron ne unka sara dhan chori kar liya. suvrat ko pashchatap to tha hi, dhan ke chori chale jane par uski nashvarta ka bhi bodh ho gaya. ab unhen chinta thi to keval apne parlok ki. vyakulchitt ho ve apne uddhar ka upay soch rahe the ki unhen yah adha shlok smaran ho aya. maghe nimagnaah salile sushite vibhuktapapastridivan prayanti॥ suvrat ko apne uddhar ka mul mantra mil mil gaya. unhonne magh-snan ka sankalp liya aur chal die narmada men snan karne. is prakar ve nau dinon tak pratah narmada ke jal men snan karte rahe. dasven din snan ke bad ve ashakt ho gae aur shit se pirit ho unhonne pran tyag die. yadyapi unhonne jivanabhar koi satkarm nahin kiya tha, pap karm se hi dhanarjan kiya tha, parantu magh mas men snan karke pashchatappurvak nirmal man ho pran tyagne ke falasvarup unke lie divya viman aya aur us par arurh ho ve svargalok chale gae. is prakar magh snan ki mahima apranpar hai. is mas ki pratyek tithi parva hai. yadi ashaktavash pure mas ka snan sanbhav n ho to shastron ne yah bhi vyavastha di hai ki tin athva ek din magh snan vrat ka palan avashya karna chahie- 'masaparyantan snanasambhave traymekahan va snayat.' magh snan charon varnon ke log kar sakte hain. vidvanon ke mat-matantar se paush shukla purnima se magh shukla purnima tak athva surya ke makar rashi men ane aur punah us rashi se nikal kar dusri rashi men jane ke din tak nitya magh snan aur uske anantar maunavrat dharan karna chahie. fir bhagvan ka pujanakar brahmanon ko nityaprati bhojan karaen. kanbal, mrigacharm, ratn, kapre, jute adi ka dan karen. snan purn hone par ek ya ekadhik 30 dvij dampati (brahmana-brahmani) ko shatras bhojan karvakar 'suryo me priyatan devo vishnumurti niranjnah' mantra se surya ki prarthana karen. fir unhen divya vastra, sapt dhanya, tis modak, abhushan, dravya dakshinadi dekar sasamman vida karen. svayan masaparyant nirahar, shakahar, falahar ya dugdhahar vrat athva ekbhukt vrat karen. is prakar kam, krodh, mad, moh, lobhadi tyagakar bhakti, shraddha, vinay aur niahsvarth bhav se snan karen, ashvamedhadi ke saman fal prapt hoga, sare pap, tap tatha duahkh dur honge aur charon purusharthon ki prapti hogi. magh mas men snan aur dan vrat karne vale ih lok v parlok ka sukh prapt kar lete hain. magh mas men tirthon par bhakton ke agaman se melon ka sa drishya upasthit ho jane ke karan parva aur utsav donon hi rupon men iski manyata siddh ho jati hai. magh snan arunoday se aranbh kar pratah kal tak karen. shastron men ullekh hai ki snan suryoday se purva ho to amrit tulya, suryoday ke samkal ho to jal tulya aur suryoday ke pashchat ho to rakt tulya hota hai. amrit, jal tatha rakt tinon drav padarthon ka fal bhi usi rup men vrati ko prapt hota hai. magh mas ki amavasya mauni amavasya ke nam se jani jati hai. is tithi par maun rahakar athva muniyon ke saman achrnpurvak snan-dan karne ka vishesh mahatva hai. magh mas ke snan-danadi vraton ka labhadi varnan to bare-bare gyani santmhapurush bhi karne men asamarth hain. barah varshon ke antral par tirtharaj prayag men kunbh ka mela bhi magh mas men hi lagta hai. atah jivan ka kalyan chahne vale sabhi janon ko magh mas ke snanadi vraton ka niyam-sanympurvak palan avashya karna chahie. iske palan se bhagavat dham ki prapti ka marg sahaj hi prapt ho jata hai aur 'punrpi janmam punrpi maranam' dosh se chutkara tatha shri vishnu ke charnarvindon ki aviram bhakti prapt ho jati hai.
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navavarsh visheshank  January 2009

jyotishiya drishti se 2009 desh aur deshvasiyon ke lie kaisa hoga, bajar ke utar-chadhav jismen sheyar bajar, sona, dalar, varsha adi ka sukshmata se vishleshan kiya gaya hai. iske atirikt is ank men vibhinn rashiyon ke lie rahu-ketu ke fal bhi die gae hai.

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