मृत्यु उपरान्त संस्कारिक क्रियाएँ

mrityu uprant sanskarik kriyaen  

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mrityu uprant sanskarik kriyaen prashnah ghar men kisi vyakti ki mrityu ke uprant kya-kya sanskarik kriyaen ki jani chahie tatha kin-kin baton ka vishesh dhyan rakha jana chahie? ki jane vali kriyaon ke piche chipe tathya, karan v prabhav kya hai? terhvin kitne din bad honi chahie? mrityu pashchat sanskar jab bhi ghar men kisi vyakti ki mrityu hoti hai tab hindu manyata ke anusar mukhyatah char prakar ke sanskar karm karae jate hain - mrityu ke turat bad, chita jalate samay, terhvin ke samay v barsi (mrityu ke ek varsh bad) ke samay. hindu dharm men manyata hai ki mrityu ke pashchat vyakti svarg chala jata hai athva apna sharir tyag kar dusre sharir (yoni) men pravesh kar jata hai. mrityu samay sanskar mrit vyakti ke sharir ko jamin par lita diya jata hai v sir ki taraf ek dipak jala diya jata hai tatha nau gharon men pani v ek ghare men ret rakhi jati hai. sanskar hetu bade ya chote putra ko (pita hetu bara v mata hetu chota) kriya par bithaya jata hai. mritak ka koi putra n ho, to putri, damad ya fir patni bhi kriya men baith sakti hai. mritak ko uske rishtedar v sage sanbandhi sir par shisham ka tel lagakar nau gharane ke pani se nahlate hain. fir safed vastra pahnakar chandan tilak lagate hain. patni thode se pake chaval ko mritak ke munh men lagati hai. fir mangal sutra uski chati par dal deti hai. tatpashchat use kafan pahnakar ful ityadi se arthi banai jati hai. tin katoriyon men jau ka ata rakha jata hai. in katoriyon men se ek mritak ke sir ke pas, dusra raste men uski chati par tatha tisra shmashan men pet par rakha jata hai. sath men jalta hua diya bhi rakha jata hai. mukhya vyakti (use karta bhi kaha jata hai) arthi ko shmashan men rakhne ke bad uske tin chakkar lagata hai v pani ka ghara (jo kandhe par rakha hota hai) tor diya jata hai. ghare ka torna sharir se pran ke jane ka suchak hai. kafan hatakar keval purush mritak sharir ko chita men rakhte hain. putra (karta) chita ke tin chakkar lagakar chita ki lakri par ghi dalte hue lanbe dande se agni deta hai. is dauran brahman mantron ka uchcharan karta rahta hai. adhi chita jalne ke pashchat putra mritak ke sir ko tin prahar kar forta hai. is kriya ko kapal kriya kaha jata hai. iske piche manyata hai ki pita ne putra ko janm dekar jo brahmacharya bhang kiya tha uske rin se putra ne unhen mukt kar diya. ghar lautakar sabhi snan kar shuddh hote hain. jahan mritak ko ant samay rakha gaya tha vahan dipak jalakar uski tasvir rakhakar shok manaya jata hai. dusre v tisre din shmashan se asthiyan lakar pavitra nadiyon men visarjit ki jati hain. dasven din ghar ki shuddhi ki jati hai. parivar ke purush sadasya sir mundva lete hain. fir dipak bujhakar havan adi kar garur puran ka path karaya jata hai. in dason din ghar vale kisi bhi sansarik karyakram men, mandir men v khushi ke mahaul men hissa nahin lete v bhojan bhi satvik grahan karte hain. manyata hai ki mritak ki atma barah dinon ka safar tay kar vibhinn yoniyon ko par karti hui apne gantavya (prabhudham) tak pahunchti hai. isilie 13vin karne ka vidhan bana hai. parantu kahin-kahin samyabhav v anya karnon se 13vin tisre ya 12ven din bhi ki jati hai jismen mritak ke pasandida khadya padarth banakar brahm bhoj ayojit kar brahmanon ko dan dakshina dekar mritak ki atma ki shanti ki prarthana ki jati hai v garibon ko mritak ke vastra adi dan kie jate hain. har mah pind dan karte hue mritak ko chaval pani ka arpan kiya jata hai. sal bhar bad barsi manai jati hai, jismen brahm bhoj karaya jata hai v mritak ka shraddh kiya jata hai taki mritak pitri banakar sadaiv us parivar ki sahayta karte rahen. in sabhi kriyaon ko karvane v karne ka mukhya uddeshya mritak ki atma ko shanti pahunchana v use apne lie kie gae galat karmon hetu maf karna hai kyonki jab bhi koi vyakti achcha ya bura karm karta hai uska prabhav parivar ke sabhi vyaktiyon par hota hai. inse har parivar ko jivan chakra ka gyan v karmon ke falon ka abhas karaya jata hai. varshabhar tak kisi bhi manglik ka ayojan, tyohar adi nahin karne chahie taki divangat atma ko koi kasht nahin pahunche. dahakarta ke lie palniya niyam 1. pratham din kharidakar athva kisi nikat sanbandhi se bhojya samagri prapt karke kutunb sahit bhojan karna chahie. brahmacharya ke niyamon ka palan karna chahie. bhumi par shayan karna chahie. kisi ka sparsh nahin karna chahie. suryast se purva ek samay bhojan banakar karna chahie. bhojan namak rahit karna chahie. bhojan mitti ke patra athva pattal men karna chahie. pahle pret ke nimitt bhojan ghar se bahar rakhakar tab svayan bhojan karna chahie. kisi ko n to pranam karen, n hi ashirvad den. devtaon ki puja n karen. mrityu ke uprant hone vali sarvapratham kriyaen sarvapratham yathasanbhav mritatma ko gomutra, gobar tatha tirth ke jal se, kush v gangajal se snan kara den athva gile vastra se badan ponchakar shuddh kar den. samyabhav ho to kush ke jal se dhar den. nai dhoti ya dhule hue shuddh vastra pahna den. tulsi ki jar ki mitti aur iske kashth ka chandan ghisakar sanpurn sharir men laga den. gobar se lipi bhumi par jau aur kale til bikherakar kushon ko dakshinagra bichakar marnasann ko uÿar ya purva ki or lita den. ghi ka dipak prajvalit kar den. ‘‘sarpidipan prajvalyet’’ (garur pu. 32-88) bhagvan ke nam ka nirantar udghosh karen. sanbhav ho to jivatma ki antyeshti ganga tat par hi karen. marnasann vyakti ko akashatal men, upar ke tal par athva khat adi par nahin sulana chahie. antim samay men polrhit niche ki bhumi par hi sulana chahie. mritatma ke hitaishiyon ko bhulakar bhi rona nahin chahie kyonki is avasar par rona prani ko ghor yantrana pahanuchata hai. rone se kaf aur ansu niklte hain inhen us mritaprani ko vivash hokar pina parta hai, kyonki marne ke bad uski svatantrata chin jati hai. shleshmashru badharvermuktan preto bhud.kte yatovshah. ato n roditatyan hi kriya karyaah svashaktitah.. (yagyavalkya smriti, pra.1/11, g. pu., pretakhand 14/88) mritatma ke mukh men gangajal v tulsidal dena chahie. mukh men shaligram ka jal bhi dalna chahie. mritatma ke kan, nak adi 7 chidron men sone ke tukre rakhne chahie. isse mritatma ko anya bhatkti pretatmaen yatna nahin detin. sona n ho to ghrit ki do-do bunden dalen. antim samay men das mahadan, asht mahadan tatha panchdhenu dan karna chahie. ye sab upalabdh n hon to apni ke shakti anusar nishkriya dravya ka un vastuon ke nimiÿa sankalp kar brahman ko de den. panchdhenu mritatma ko anekanek yatnaon se bhaymukt karti hain. panchdhenu nimn hain- rindhenu: mritatma ne kisi ka udhar liya ho aur chukaya n ho, usse mukti hetu. papapno'dhenu: sabhi papon ke prayashchitarth . utkranti dhenu: char mahapapon ke nivarnarth. vaitrni dhenu: vaitrni nadi ko par karne hetu. moksh dhenu: sabhi doshon ke nivarnarth v moksharth. shmashan le jate samay shav ko shudra, sutika, rajasvala ke sparsh se bachana chahie. (dharm sindhu- uÿararddha) yadi bhul se sparsh ho jae to kush aur jal se shuddhi karni chahie. shraddh men darbh (kush) ka prayog karne se adhura shraddh bhi purn mana jata hai aur jivatma ki sadgati nishchat hoti hai, kyonki darbh v til bhagvan ke sharir se utpann hue hain. ‘‘vishnurdehsmudbhutaah kushaah krishnasvilastatha.. (garur puran, shraddh prakash) shraddh men gopi chandan v gorochan ki vishesh mahima hai. shraddh men matra shvet pushpon ka hi prayog karna chahie, lal pushpon ka nahin. ‘‘pushpani varjaniyani raktavarnani yani cha’.. (brahmand puran, shraddh prakash) shraddh men krishn til ka prayog karna chahie, kyaneki ye bhagvan nrisinh ke pasine se utpann hue hain jisse prahlad ke pita ko bhi mukti mili thi. darbh nrisinh bhagvan ki ruhon se utpann hue the. dev karya men yagyaopvit savya (dayin) ho, pitri karya men apasavya (bayin) ho aur rishi-muniyon ke tarpanadi men gale men mala ki tarah ho. shraddh men gangajal v tulsidal ka bar-bar prayog karen. shraddh men mundan karne ke bad hi snan kar pind dan karen. jau ke ate, til, madhu aur ghrit se bane pind ka hi dan karna chahie. das din ke bhitar ganga men asthiyan pravahit karne se mritak ko vahi fal prapt hota hai jo ganga tat par marne se prapt hota hai. jab tak asthiyan ganga ji men rahti hain tab tak mritatma devlok men hi vas karti hai. tulsikashth se agnidah karne se mritak ki punravritti nahin hoti. tulsikashth dagdhasya n tasya punravriÿiaah. (skand puran, pujapra) karta ko svayan karpur athva ghi ki baÿai se agni taiyar karni chahie, kisi anya se agni nahin leni chahie. dah ke samay sarvapratham sir ki or agni deni chahie. shirah sthane pradapyet. (varah puran) shavdah se purva shav ka sirhana uÿar athva purva ki or karne ka vidhan hai. vato nitva shmashaneshe sthapyeduÿaramuravam. (garur puran) kunbh adi rashi ke 5 nakshatron men maran hua ho to use panchak maran kahte hain. nakshatrantare mritasya panchke dahaprapto. puttalavidhiah.. yadi mrityu panchak ke purva hui ho aur dah panchak men hona ho, to putlon ka vidhan karen - aisa karne se shanti ki avashyakta nahin rahti. iske viprit kahin mrityu panchak men hui ho aur dah panchak ke bad hua ho to shanti karm karen. yadi mrityu bhi panchak mane hui ho aur dah bhi panchak men ho to putal dah tatha shanti donon karm karen. dahakarta tatha shraddh karta ko bhumi shayan aur brahmacharya ka palan karna chahie. bhojan namak rahit aur paÿal par suryoday se purva (ek samy) karna chahie. pret ke kalyan ke lie til ke tel ka akhand dipak 10 din tak dakshinabhimukh jalana chahie. mrityu ke din se 10 din tak kisi yogya brahman se garur puran sunna chahie. brahman bhojan ka vishesh mahatva hai- yasyasyen sadashnanti havyani tridivaukakshah. kavyani chaiv pitrah kin bhutmdhikan tatah.. arthat brahman ke mukh se devta dravya ko aur pitar kavya kavya ko khate hain. (manu smriti) shraddh karm men sadhan sanpann vyakti ko viÿashathya (kanjusi) nahin karni chahie. ‘‘viÿashathyan n samachret’’.. pita ka shraddh karne ka adhikar mukhya rup se putra ko hi hai. yadi putra n ho to shastron men shraddhadhikari ke lie vibhinn vidhan die gae h.nai smrii t sagan hra tatha shraddhakalpalata ke anusar shraddh ka adhikar, putra, pautra, prapautra, dauhitra (putri ka putra), patni, bhai, bhatija, pita, mata, putravdhu, bahan, bhanja, sapind athva odak ko kramik rup se hai. parivar athva kutunb men koi n shesh bacha ho to mritak ke sathi athva us desh ke raja ko bhi mritak ke dhan se shraddh karne ka adhikar hai. (markandey puran) shraddh men lohe ka patra dekhakar pitrigan turant laut jate hain atah lohe ka upyog varjit hai. shraddh men 7 baten varjit hain - tailamardan, upvas, stri prasang, aushadh prayog, parann bhojan. shraddhakarta tin baten jaruri hain - pavitrata, akrodh aur achapalya (jaldabaji n karna). samanyatah shraddh ghar men, gaushala men, devalay men athva ganga, yamuna, narmada ya kisi anya pavitra nadi ke tat par karne ka sarvadhik mahatva hai. mritatma ki sadgati ke lie pind ke ath ang is prakar hai- ann, til, jal, dugdh, ghi, madhu, dhup, dip. marnashauch ke sanbandh mane shastron men ullekh hai ki brahman ko das din ka, kshatriya ko barah din ka, vaishya ko pandrah din ka aur shudra ko ek mahine ka ashauch lagta hai. parantu vahin yah bhi kaha gaya hai ki charane varnon ki shuddhi 10 din men ho jati hai. iske anantar asprishyata ka dosh nahin rahta. anadi prayukt purn shuddhi 12 ven din apindikaran ke bad hi hoti hai. devarchana adi iske anantar hi hote hain. pratham pinddan jin dravyon se kiya ho unhin dravyon ke anya pinddan se shraddh purn karen. arthi bans ki banani chahie aur use munj ki dori se bandha hona chahie. arthi par bichane ke lie kushasan ka prayog karen. shav ko dhakne ke lie ramnami chadar athva safed chadar hi len. shav ko bandhne ke lie munj ki rassi aur kachcha sut hi prayog men len. saubhagyavti ke lie mauli ka prayog karen aur dhakne ke lie sinduri chunar menhdi, churiyan adi len. shraddh ki sabhi kriyaen gotra tatha nam ke uchcharan v janeu ke kram se hi honi chahie. ekadshah se hi samantrokt karm karne ka vidhan hai. dan lene v dene ke bad ‘svasti’ bolen, anyatha lena dena sab nishfal ho jata hai. adana´ch nishfalan ch yatha bina.. (shrimadvevi bhag. 9/2/100 pinddanon se purva darbh ka chat banakar unhin namon se avahan kar pujan kiya jata hai. mritatma ki samast ichchaon ki purti ke nimiÿa vrishotsarg avashya karen lekin yadi pati tatha putra vali saubhagyavti stri pati se purva mrityu ko prapt ho jae to uske nimiÿa vrishotsarg n karen, balki dudh dene vali gay ka dan karna chahie. pati putravti nari martugre mrita yadi. vrishotsargan n kurvanti gan tu dadyat payasvinim shraddh men nivi bandhan vishesh rup se karen, isse shraddh ki peraton se raksha hoti hai. shraddh men darbh ki viti dharan karna avashyak hai. pitron ko arpit kie jane vale gandh, dhup tatha pavitri, til adi padarth apasavya tatha apradakshin (vamavarta) kram se dene chahie. (g. pu. 99/12-13) malin shodshi mrityu sthan se lekar asthi sanchayan tak chah pind tatha dashgatra ke 10 pindon ko milakar ‘malin shadshi’ kahlata hai. til aur ghi ko jau ke ate men milakar chah pind banaen. samast pind dakshinabhimukh kar rakhen. pratham pind: mritasthan men shav ke nam se pinddan se yumyadhishthit devta santusht hote hain. mritasthane shavo nam ten namna pradiyate. dvitiya pind: dvardesh men pinddan se grih vastvadhishthit devta prasann hote hain. dvardeshe bhavet panthasten namna pradiyate. tritiya pind: chairahe par pinddan se mritak ke sharir par koi upadrav nahin hota. ‘chatvare khechro nam tamridirishya pradiyate’. chaturth pind: vishram sthan nimitt shmashan se purva rakhen. ‘‘vishrame bhutsangyaoiyan.. pancham pind: chita bhumi ke sanskar nimiÿa den. kasht chayan rupi is pinddan se rakshas, pishach adi mritak ke sharir ko apvitra nahin karte. tasya hotavya dehasya naivayogyatvakark:.. shashth pind: asthisanchay ke nimiÿa pinddan se dahajanya pira shant ho jati hai. ‘‘chintayan sadhkan nam vadantyeke khageshvarah.. fir ‘‘kravyad agnaye namah’’ bolakar agni ki puja karen. fir chita ki ek athva tin parikrama kar sir ki or ag prajvalit karen. jab shav ka adha bhag jal jae, tab kal kriya karen. shav ke adhe ya pure jal jane par uske mastak ka bhedan karen jise kapal kriya kahte hain. grihasthi ki bans se aur yatiyon ki shrifal se karen. dahakarta shav ki 7 pradakshina kar 7 samidhaen ek-ek kar ‘kravyaday namastubhyan’ kahakar chita men dalen. iske pashchat shavdah sanskar men ae log ghar jaen. dhyan rahe, ghar vapas jate samay piche murakar nahin dekhna hai. ghar pahunchne par nim ki paÿiayan chabakar aur bahar rakhe patthar par pahla pair rakhakar hi ghar men pravesh karen. pret ke kalyan ke lie das din tak dakshinabhimukh til ke tel ka akhand dipak ghar men jalana chahie. ‘‘kuryat pradipan tailen’’ (devyagyaik ka) shadpinddan ki sabhi uÿarakriyaen apasavya aur dakshinabhimukh hokar hi karni chahie. lokavyavhar ke anusar kahin-kahin matki men jal bharakar agnidah ka bhi vidhan hai. agnishant hone par snan kar gay ka dudh dalakar haddiyon ko abhisinchit kar den. maun hokar palash ki do lakriyon se koyla adi hatakar pahle sir ki haddiyon ko, ant men pair ki haddiyon ko chun kar sangrahit kar panchagavya se sinchakar svarn, madhu aur ghi dal den. fir sungdhit jal se sinchit kar matki men bandhakar 10 din ke bhitar kisi tirth men pravahit karen. dashah kritya garur puran ke anusar mrityoprant yam marg men yatra ke lie ativahik sharir ki prapti hoti hai. is ativahik sharir ke 10 angon ka nirman dashgatra ke 10 pindon se hota hai. jab tak dashgatra ke 10 pinddan nahin hote, tab tak bina sharir prapt kie vah atma vayurup men sthit rahti hai. islie dashgatra ke 10 pinddan avashya karne chahie. inhin pindon se alag alag ang bante hain. vaise to das dinon tak pratidin ek ek pind rakhne ka vidhan hai, lekin samyabhav ki sthiti men 10 ven din hi 10 pinddan karne ki shastragya hai. shaligram, dip, surya aur tirth ko namaskarpurvak sankalpasahit pinddan karen. pind pind se banne sankhya vale avayav pratham shiradidavayav nimiÿa dvitiya karn, netra, mukh, nasika tritiya giva, skandh, bhuja, vaksh chaturth nabhi, ling, yoni, guda pancham janu, jangha, pair shashth sarva marm sthan, pad, ungli saptam sarva nariyan ashtam dant, rom navam virya, raj dasham sampurna'vayav, kshudha, trishna pindon ke upar jal, chandan, sutar, jau, til, shankh adi se pujan kar sankalpasahit shraddh ko purn karen. sankalpa: kagvas gaugras shvanvas pipilika. tathya, karan v prabhav: is shraddh se mritatma ko nutan deh prapt hoti hai aur vah asadgati se sadgati ki yatra par arurh ho jati hai. dashgatra ke pinddan ki samapti ke bad mundan karane ka vidhan hai. sabhi bandhu bandhvon sahit mundan avashya karana chahie. tarpan ki mahima shraddh men jab tak sabhi purvajon ka tarpan n ho tab tak pretatma ki sadgati nahin hoti hai. atah 10, 11, 12, 13 adi ki kriyaon men shastron ke anusar tarpan karen. nadi ke tat par janeu dev, rishi, pitri ke anusar savya aur apasavya men kush hath men lekar hath ke bich, ungli v agunthe se sanpurn tarpan karen nadi tat ke abhav men tamra patra men jal, jau, til, panchamrit, chandan, tulsi, gangajal adi lekar tarpan karen. tarpan gotra evan pitri ka nam lekar hi nimn kram se karen - pita dada pardada mataû dadi pardadi sauteli man nana, parnana, vriddh parnana, nani, parnani, vriddh parnani, chachera bhai, chacha, chachi, stri, putra, putri, mama, mami, mamera bhai, apna bhai, bhabhi, bhatija, fufa, bua, bhanja, shvasur, sas, sadguru, guru, patni, shishya, sarankshak, mitra, sevak adi. ye sabhi tarpan pitri tarpan men ate hain. sabhi namon se purva mritatma ka tarpan karen. not- jo pitri jis rup men jahan-jahan vicharan karte hain vahan-vahan kal ki prerna se unhen unhin ke anurup bhog samagri prapt ho jati hai. jaise yadi ve gay bane to unhen uÿam ghas prapt hoti hai. (garur puran pre. kh.) narayan bali pretonoptishthit tatsarvamantarikshe vinashyati. naraynblah karyo lokagarha miya khag.. naraynbli ke bina mritatma ke nimitt kiya gaya shraddh use prapt n hokar antriksh men nasht ho jata hai. atah naraynbli purva shraddh karne ka vidhan avashyakta purvak karna hi shreshth hai. ekadshah shraddh 11ven din shaligram pujan kar satyesh ka unki asht patraniyon sahit pujan karen. satyesh pujan shraddh karta ke sabhi papon ke prayashchit ke lie kiya jata hai. tatpashchat hemadri shravan karen- hamne janm se lekar abhi tak jo karm kiye hain unhen punya aur pap ke rup men prithk-prithak anubhav karna jismen bhagvan brahma ki utpaÿia se lekar varnon ke dharmon tak ka varnan hai. char mahapap: brahm hatya, surapan, svarn chori, parastri gaman. dashvidhi snan: gomutra, gomay, goraj, mriÿiaka, bhasm, kush jal, panchamrit, ghi, sarvaushdhi, suvarn tirthon ke jal in sabhi vastuon se snan karen. panch brahmanon se panchsukton ka path karvaen. bhagvan ke sabhi namon ka uchcharan karte hue vishnu tarpan karen. prayashchit hom: mritatma ki agnidah adi sabhi kriyaon men hone vali trutiyon ke nivaran ke nimitt prayashchit hom ka vidhan hai. shastrokt praman se havan kar snan karen. panch devta ki sthapna v pujn: brahma, vishnu, mahesh, yam, tatpurush in devtaon ka pujan karen. madhyamshodshi ke 16 pind dan pratham vishnu dvitiya shiv tritiya saprivar yam chaturth somraj pancham havyavahan shashth kavyavah saptam kal ashtam rudra navam purush dasham pret ekadash vishnu pratham brahma dvitiya vishnu tritiya mahesh chaturth yam pancham tatpurush not- ye sabhi pinddan savya janeu se kie jate hain. dan padartha: svarn, vastra, chandi, gud, ghi, namak, loha, til, anaj, bhains, pankha, jamin, gay, sone se shringarit bel. vrishotsarg vrishotsarg ke bina shraddh sanpann nahin hota hai. ishan kon men rudra ki sthapna karen, jismen rudradi devtaon ka avahan ho. sthapna jau, dhan, til, kangni, mung, chana, sanva adi sapt dhanya par karen. pretmatrika ki sthapna karen. fir vrishotsarg purvak agni adi devon ka hvan karen. yadi bachra ya bachiya upalabdh ho to shiv parvati ka avahan kar padya, aghryadi se pujan karen. fir vrishabh v gay dan ka sankalp karen. vivah ke shringar ka dan karen. ekadshah ko hone vala vrishotsag nityakarm hai. vrishotsarg kar vrish ko kisi aranya, gaushala, tirth, ekant sthan athva nirjan van men chor den. shiv mahimn stotra ka path bhi karaen. vrishotsarg pretatma ki adhuri ichchaen puri hon, islie karte hain. adyashraddha: adyashraddh ke dan padarth chatri, kamandal, thali, katori, gilas, chammach, kalash shayyadan. 14 prakar ke dan: shayya, gau, ghar, asan, dasi, ashva, rath, hathi, bhains, bhumi, til, svarn, tanbul, ayudh. til v ghi ka patra. stri ke mrityu par nimnalikhit padarthon ka dan karna chahie. anaj, pani matka, chappal, kamandal, chatri, kapra, lakri, lohe ki char, diya, tal, pan, chandan, pushp, sari. nimnalikhit vastuon ka dan ek varsh tak nitya karna chahie. ann kunbh dip rindhenu. dhanabhav men nishkriya dravya ka dan bhi kar sakte hain. shodshmasik shraddh shav ki vishuddhi ke lie adya shraddh ke nimiÿa urad ka ek pinddan apasavya hokar avashya karen. adya shraddh se sanpurn shraddh mritatma ko hi prapt hota hai. dusre shraddh se anya pretatma yah kriya nahin le saktin. apasavya hokar gotra nam bolakar karen. pratham unmasik shraddh nimiÿam dvitiya dvipakshik masik ‘‘ tritiya tripakshik masik ‘’ chaturth tritiya masik ‘‘ pancham chaturth masik ‘‘ shashth pancham masik ‘‘ saptam shanmasik ‘‘ ashtam unshnmasik ‘‘ navam saptam masik ‘‘ dasham ashtam masik ‘‘ ekadash navam masik ‘‘ dvadash dasham masik ‘‘ trayodash ekadash masik ‘‘ chaturdash dvadash masik ‘‘ panchadash unabdik masik ‘‘ shodshmasik men pratham adya shraddh ka pind bhi isi men shamil karte hain. dan sankalp kar nimnalikhit padarthon ka dan karen. vijna (pankha), lakri, chatri, chaval, aina, mukut, dahi, pan, agrchandan, kesar, kapur, svarn, ghi, ghara (ghi se bhara), kasturi adi. yadi dan dene men samarth n hon to tulsi ka pan rakh yathashakti dravya brahman ko de den. isse karm purn hota hai. yah adhik mas ho to 16 pind rakhe jate hain anyatha 15 pind rakhne ka vidhan hai. yah shraddh har mahine ek-ek pind rakh kar karna parta hai lekin 16 mahinon ka pinddan ek sath ekadshah ke nimiÿa rakhakar kiya jata hai. isse mritatma ki age ki yatra ko sugam hoti hai. sapindikaran shraddh sapindikaran shraddh ke dvara pret shraddh ka melan karne se pitripankti ki prapti hoti hai. sapindikaran shraddh men pita, pitamah tatha prapitamah ki arthiyon ka sanyojan karna avashyak hai. is shraddh men vishnu pujan kar kal kam adi devon ka chat pujan kar pitron ka chat pujan pan par karen. pret ke prapitamah ka ardhapatra hath men uthakar usmen sthit til, pushp, pavitrak, jal adi pretpitamah ke ardhapatra men chor den. ye karm shastrokt vidhananusar karen. sapindikaran shraddh men sarvapratham gobar se lipi hui bhumi par sabse pahle nariyal ke akar ka pind pret ka nam bolakar rakhen. fir gol pind kramshah pita, dada v pardada ke nimitt rakhen. (yadi sidhe to sas ka vansh len) bhagavannam lekar svarn ya rajat ke tar se bare pind ka chedan karen. fir kramshah pita, dada aur pardada men sanyojan kar sabhi pindon ka pujan karen. ek pind kal-kam ke nimiÿa sakshi bhi rakhen. terhven ka shraddh dvadshah ka shraddh karne se pret ko pitriyoni prapt hoti hai. lekin trayodshah ka shraddh karne se purvakrit shraddhon ki sabhi trutiyon ka nivaran ho jata hai aur sabhi kriyaen purnata ko prapt hokar bhagvan narayan ko prapt hoti hanai. terhven ka shraddh ati avashyak hai. yah shraddh 13ven din hi karna chahie. lokavyavhar men yahi shraddh varnon ke hisab se alg-alag dinon ko kiya jata hai. lekin garur puran ke anusar terhvin terhven din hi karna chahie. is shraddh men anantadi chaturdash devon ka kush chat men avahan pujan karen. fir lalitadi 13 deviyon ka pujan tamra kalash men jal ke andar karen. sutar se kalash ko bandh den. fir kalash ke charon or kunkum ke terah tilak karen. in sabhi kriyaon ke uprant apasavya hokar chat ke upar pitri ka avhnadi kar pujan karen. lokachar ke anusar pagri sanskar karen.
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shani kashtanivarak hanuman visheshank  September 2009

shani kashtanivarak shri hanuman visheshank adharit hai- shani grah env hanuman ji ke apsi sanbandhon, hanuman ji ke janm evan jivan se sanbandhit kathaen, hanuman ji ke tirth sthan, yatra evan mahatva, hanuman ji se sanbandhit pujaen, puja vidhi evan mahatva.

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