पुंसवन व्रत

punsavan vrat  

Ank ke aur Lekh | Sambandhit Lekh | Views : 1967 |  
punsavan vrat pan. braj kishor brajvasi pas v n v ra t m a rg sh a i shar a shukla pratipda se praranbh hokar margashirsh ki amavasya ko purn hota hai. shri shukdev ji ne raja parikshit ko is vrat ka varnan sunate hue kaha tha ki yah vrat samast kamnaon ko purn karne vala hai. stri ko chahie ki vah apne pati ki agya lekar yah vrat praranbh kare. pahle marudgan ke janm ki katha sunakar brahmanon se agya le, fir pratidin pratah kal dantun kar ke snan kare, do safed vastra dharan kare aur abhushan bhi pahan le. bina khaye-piye hi pratahkal men bhagvan lakshminarayan ki puja kare. is prakar prarthana kare- ‘prabho! ap purn kam hain, ataev apko kisi se bhi kuch lena-dena nahin hai. ap samast vibhutiyon ke svami aur sakal siddhi svarup hain. main apko bar-bar namas¬kar karti hun. mata lakshmi ji! ap bhagvan ki adrdhangini aur mahamaya svarupini hain. bhagvan ke sare gun kripa, vibhuti, tej, mahima aur virya ap men nivas karte hain. mahabhagyavti jaganmata! ap mujh par prasann hon. main apko bar-bar namaskar karti hun.’ is prakar stuti karke ekagrachiÿa se- ‘¬ namo bhagvte mahapurushay mahanubhavay mahavibhutiptye sah mahavibhutibhirbalimuphrani’ mantra ke dvara pratidin vishnu bhagvan ka avahan, aghrya, padya, achaman, snan, vastra, yagyaopvit, abhushan, gandh, pushp, dhup, dip aur naivedya adi nivedan karke pujan kare. jo naivedya bacha rah jae usse- ‘¬ namo bhagvte mahapurushay mahavibhutiptye svaha’ mantra bolakar agni men barah ahutiyan de. is prakar param vardani bhagvan lakshminarayan ki stuti karke vahan se naivedya hata de aur achaman karke puja kare. tadnantar bhaktibhav se bhagvan ki stuti kare aur yagyavshesh ko sunghakar fir bhagvan ki puja kare. bhagvan ki puja ke bad apne pati ko sakshat bhagvan samajhakar param prem se uski priya vastuen seva men upasthit kare. pati ka bhi yah kartavya hai ki vah antrik prem se apni patni ke priya padarth la-lakar use de aur uske chote-bare sab prakar ke kam karta rahe. pati-patni men se ek bhi koi kam karta hai, to uska fal donon ko hota hai. islie yadi patni (rajodharm adi ke samy) yah vrat karne ke ayogya ho jae to pati ko hi puri ekagrata aur savdhani se iska anushthan karna chahie. yah bhagvan vishnu ka vrat hai. iska sankalp lekar bich men kabhi nahin chorna chahie. jo bhi yah niyam grahan kare, vah pratidin mala, chandan, naivedya aur abhushan adi se bhaktipurvak brahmanon aur suhaginon ka pujan kare tatha bhagvan vishnu ki bhi puja kare. iske bad bhagvan ko unke dham men padhra de, visarjan kar de. tadnantar atmashuddhi aur samast abhilashaon ki purti ke lie pahle se hi unhen nivedit kiya hua prasad grahan kare. sadhvi stri is vidhi se pure sal bhar is vrat ka palan karke margashirsh ki amavasya ko udyapan sanbandhi upvas aur pujan adi kare. us din pratah kal hi snan karke purvavat vishnu bhagvan ka pujan kare aur uska pati pakayagya ki vidhi se ghrit mishrit khir ki agni men barah bar ahuti de. iske bad jab brahman prasann hokar use ashirvad de, to bare adar se sir jhukakar use svikar kare. bhaktibhav se matha tekakar unke charnon men pranam kare. pahle acharya ko bhojan karae, fir brahman v acharya ki agya lekar maun hokar bhai-bandhuon ke sath svayan bhojan kare. iske bad havan se bachi hui ghritmishrit khir apni patni ko de. vah prasad stri ko satputra aur saubhagyavan karne vala hota hai. shri shukdev ji kahte hain- ‘parikshit! bhagvan vishnu ke is punsavan vrat ka jo manushya vidhipurvak anushthan karta hai, use yahin uski manchahi vastu jae to pati ko hi puri ekagrata aur savdhani se iska anushthan karna chahie. yah bhagvan vishnu ka vrat hai. iska sankalp lekar bich men kabhi nahin chorna chahie. jo bhi yah niyam grahan kare, vah pratidin mala, chandan, naivedya aur abhushan adi se bhaktipurvak brahmanon aur suhaginon ka pujan kare tatha bhagvan vishnu ki bhi puja kare. iske bad bhagvan ko unke dham men padhra de, visarjan kar de. tadnantar atmashuddhi aur samast abhilashaon ki purti ke lie pahle se hi unhen nivedit kiya hua prasad grahan kare. sadhvi stri is vidhi se pure sal bhar is vrat ka palan karke margashirsh ki amavasya ko udyapan sanbandhi upvas aur pujan adi kare. us din pratah kal hi snan karke purvavat vishnu bhagvan ka pujan kare aur uska pati pakayagya ki vidhi se ghrit mishrit khir ki agni men barah bar ahuti de. iske bad jab brahman prasann hokar use ashirvad de, to bare adar se sir jhukakar use svikar kare. bhaktibhav se matha tekakar unke charnon men pranam kare. pahle acharya ko bhojan karae, fir brahman v acharya ki agya lekar maun hokar bhai-bandhuon ke sath svayan bhojan kare. iske bad havan se bachi hui ghritmishrit khir apni patni ko de. vah prasad stri ko satputra aur saubhagyavan karne vala hota hai. shri shukdev ji kahte hain- ‘parikshit! bhagvan vishnu ke is punsavan vrat ka jo manushya vidhipurvak anushthan karta hai, use yahin uski manchahi vastu prapt ho jati hai. stri is vrat ka palan karke saubhagya, santan, sanpÿia, yash aur man prapt karti hai tatha uska pati chirayu ho jata hai. is vrat ka anushthan karne vali kanya sanpurn shubh lakshanon se yukt pati prapt karti hai aur vidhva is vrat se nishpap hokar vaikunth men jati hai. jiske bachche mar jate hon, vah stri iske prabhav se chirayu putra prapt karti hai. dhanvti kintu abhagini stri ko saubhagya prapt hota hai aur kurupi ko sundar rup mil jata hai. rogi is vrat ke prabhav se rogmukt hokar balishth sharir aur shreshth indriyashakti prapt kar leta hai. jo manushya shraddh karmon men iska path karta hai, uske pitar aur devta anant tripti labh prapt karte hain. ve santusht hokar havan ke samapt hone par vrati ki sabhi kamnaen purn kar dete hain. ve sab to santusht hote hi hain, samast yagyaon ke ekmatra bhokta bhagvan lakshminarayan bhi santusht ho jate hain aur vrati ki sabhi abhilashaen puri kar dete hain. is divya vrat ka anushthan maharshi kashyap ji ne diti ko bataya tha, jiske karne se diti ko unchas marudgan ki prapti hui thi. marudagan utpaÿia ki katha is prakar hai. marudgan janm katha shri shukdev ji kahne lage- ‘parikshit! bhagvan vishnu ne indra ka paksh lekar diti ke donon putron hiranyaksh aur hiranyakshipu ko mar dala. atah diti shok v krodh se yukt hokar is prakar sochne lagi ‘sachmuch indra bara vishyi, krur aur nirdayi hai. ram! ram! usne apne bhaiyon ko hi marva dala! vah din kab aega, jab main bhi us papi ko marvakar aram se soungi. ab main vah upay karungi, jisse mujhe aisa putra prapt ho, jo indra ka ghamand chur-chur kar de. diti apne man men aisa vichar karke seva-shushrusha, vinay, prem aur jitendriyata adi ke dvara nirantar apne pati ke hriday ka ek-ek bhav janti rahti thi aur param prembhav, manohar evan madhur bhashan tatha muskan bhari tirchi chitavan se unka man apni or akarshit karti rahti thi. kashyap ji maharaj bare vidvan aur vicharvan hone par bhi chatur diti ki seva se mohit ho gae aur unhonne vivshtah yah svikar karte hue kaha ki- ‘main tumhari ichcha purn karunga’. anindya sundari priye! main tum par prasann hanu. tumhari jo ichcha ho, mujhse mang lo. pati ke prasann ho jane par patni ke lie koi bhi vastu lok ya parlok men durlabh nahin hai. shastron men spasht ullekh hai ki pati hi striyon ka parmaradhya ishtadev hai. striyon ke lie svayan bhagvan ne pati ka rup dharan kiya hai. priye! lakshmipti bhagvan vasudev samast praniyon ke hriday men virajman hain. kalyan ai! tumne bare prembhav se, bhakti se pativratya dharm ka palan karne vali pativrata striyon ki hi tarah ananyabhav se meri puja ki hai. yahi stri ka dh arm hai. pati hi uska parmeshvar hai. ab main tumhari sabhi abhilashaen purn kar dunga. astiyon ke jivan men aisa hona atyant kathin hai.’ diti ne kaha- ‘brahmana! indra ne vishnu k e hatha e nme re da e putra e nka e marvakar mujhe niputi bana diya hai. islie yadi ap mujhe munh manga var dena chahte hain, to kripa karke ek aisa amar putra dijie, jo indra ko mar dale. diti ki bat sunakar kashyap ji khinn hokar pachtane lage. ve man hi man kahne lage- ‘hay! hay! aj mere jivan men bahut bare adharm ka avasar a pahuncha. stri rupini maya ne mere chiÿa ko apne vash men kar liya hai. avashya hi ab mujhe narak men girna parega. is stri ka koi dosh nahin hai, kyonki isne to apne janmajat svabhav ka hi anusaran kiya hai. ab to main kah chuka hun ki jo tum mangogi, dunga. meri bat asatya nahin honi chahie. kashyap ji gahan vichar-vimarsh ke bad bole- ‘devi! yadi tum mere batlae hue vrat ka ek varsh tak vidhipurvak palan karogi’ to tumhen indra ko marne vala putra prapt hoga. parantu yadi kisi prakar niyamon men truti ho gai to devtaon ka mitra ban jaega. diti ne kaha- ‘svami! main us vrat ka palan karungi. ap mujhe sanpurn vidhi-vidhan samjhaie.’ kashyap ji ne kaha- ‘priye! is vrat men kisi bhi prani ko man, vani ya kriya ke dvara sataen nahin, kisi ko shap ya gali n de, asatya bhashan n kare, sharir ke nakh aur roen n kate aur kisi bhi ashubh vastu ka sparsh n kare. jal men ghusakar snan kare, krodh n kare, durjanon se batchit n kare, bina dhula vastra n pahne aur kisi ki pahni hui mala n pahne. jutha n khae, bhadrakali ka prasad ya mansyukt bhojan n kare. shudra ka laya hua aur rajasvala ka dekha hua ann bhi n khae aur anjli se jalpan n kare. juthe munh bina achaman kie sandhya ke samay, bal khole hue, bina shringar ke, vani ka sanyam kie bina aur bina chadar orhe ghar se bahar n nikle.
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