piliya rog nahin balki rog ka ek lakshan hai. piliya men tvacha aur ankhon ka safed bhag pile ho jate hain. yah rakt men bilirubin namak rasayan ke adhik ho jane se hota hai. sadharntya rakt men bilirubin 0.2-1.0 mi.litk rahta hai. iske 30 mi.li. se adhik hone par hi ankhon men piliya najar ata hai. kin karnon se piliya hota hai? -sadharntya jab lal rakta koshikaen apni ayu ke 120 din pure kar leti hain tab pliha (aichsmmd) men khatm ho jati hain aur in koshikaane men se lauh tatva nikl jane ke pashchat jo tatva bacha rahta hai usse bilirubin (thapsptnaipd) ban jata hai. ise ankanjugetid bilirubin (ndabavadaranahanjmk thapsptnaipd) kaha jata hai. -jigar ke kai karya hote hain, jinmen vasa ko pachane hetu piÿa ;thapasamaddha ka utpadan aur rakt men maujud vijatiya padarthon ko nishkasit karna pramukh hain. bilirubin aisa hi ek vijatiya padarth hai. nishkasan se pahle bilirubin ek anya rasayan glukronik amla ke sath mil jata hai, islie ise kanjugetid bilirubin kaha jata hai. -bilirubin ka utpadan jyada ho, jaise himolitik enimiya. -kabhi-kabhi gum chot lagne se utpann rasoli ke dhulne se bhi piliya ho jata hai kyonki is rasoli men rakt jama ho jata hai. -jigar men shoth ;pdasinuunjapavadaddha ho, jaise vayaral hepetaitis (taptans bhmachanjpjpe). -sharab se hone vale rog sirosis ke karn: sharab pine se jigar men sujan a jati hai, aur bilirubin ke bahav men avrodh paida ho jata hai. dhire-dhire jigar koshikaon men charbi ikatthi hoti chali jati hai (thnjajal spaamt) aur agar itna sab ho jane par bhi sharab pina band n kiya gaya, to duniya ki koi takat janleva sirosis (bpatativepe) hone se nahin rok sakti. -bukhar utarne vali dava perasitamol (chntanbmjanuvasaddh se hone vala piliya jigar men pitta ke bahav men rukavat a jane se hua karta hai. -purana jigar rog (bitvdpb bhmachanjpjpe th vat b) hipetaitis bi tatha si se sankramit rogiyon men shuru men koi lakshan nahin milte. lanbe samay ke bad hi piliya najr ata hai, tab tak sirosis (bpatativtpe) ho chuka hota hai. -aetoimyun hepetaitis ;.najvpauunadam bhmachanjpjpeddh jaise praimri biliyari sirosis hona. yah jyadatar adher umra ki mahilaon men dekha gaya hai. yah rog barhte-barhte janleva ho jata hai. thakan rahna, khujli bane rahna adi is rog ke lakshan hain. -jigar men padarthon ya avanchit koshikaon ka jama hona jaise lauh tatva, tanba adi. kanjugetid bilirubin barhne ke karan jigr ke andar, pitt ke bahav men avrodh ho jae ya fir jigar ke bahr avrodh jaise pitt thaili men pathri ya pitt thaili ya painnakriyaj kainsar ho jae. -painkriyaj shoth ;chndbtmane pdasinuunjpvdae chndbtmanejpjpeddha se bhi piliya hota hai, jiska karan sharab ka sevan ya fir pitt nali men pathri ka hona hai. -piÿa nali men avrodh hona jaise piÿa ki thaili men pathri. ajkl aksar dekhne men ati hai. is pathri se pitt thaili men shoth ;pdasinuunjapavadaddh ho jata hai ya fir sankraman bhi ho sakta hai. -painkriyaj granthi ka kainsar ya fir jigar ka kainsar, piÿa thaili men kainsr ityadi. piliya kab hota hai? -bilirubin ke adhik matra men banne se piliya hota hai. himolitik enimiya (bhnuvasalajapab .damaupan) rog men lal rakt koshikaon ke nasht hone ki raftar tej ho jati hai. aisa in koshikaon ki ayu kam ho jane se hota hai. -himolitik enimiya ke karan, vanshanugat sfirosaitosis (bhmatamakapajantal aichimtvbljvepe) thelasimiya (jinssanemaupan) sikla koshika rog (aipbasam bmasasa kapemanem) ya fir glukoj -6- fasfetej dihaidrojenej ki kami (lan6nchnkn kampibpmdbl) ho sakte hain. in sabhi karnon se hone vala piliya 5-6 mi.gra. se jyada nahin barh pata hai. -jigar men koi vikar ho jae aur yah bilirubin ko rakt men se nikal n pae. -piÿa nali (thapasam knabaja) men avrodh ho jane se piÿa ka bahna kam ho jane ke karan kainsar, piÿa ki thaili men pathri ya fir piÿa nali men sankraman hota hai. piliya se kya pareshani ho sakti hai? -piliya tvacha ya fir ankhon ke safed bhag ko pila karne ke alava jyada kuch nahin karta, bas mutra bahut adhik pila ane lagta hai. iske atirikt mal ka rang halka ya fir mitti jaisa bhi ho sakta hai. -kuch logon ko khujli (chtanatapajape) hone lagti hai. yah kabhi-kabhi itni tivra ho jati hai ki tvacha ko khujlate-khujlate rogi us par ghav bana lete hain. -jis rog se piliya ho raha hota hai, usse rogi ko pareshani hoti hai jaise raktalpata, jigar ka sankramn ya fir sirosis (bpatativepe). anya hanikarak davaen: khaskr garbhanirodhak istrojan dava se piliya ho jata hai. kintu dava band karne ke kuch saptah ke andar yah thik ho jata hai. paidaishi vikar jaise kriglar najar ;btapahahasamat chanhantaddh rog. is rog men bilirubin ko nishkriya karne vala enjain hi nahin rahta. anya paidaishi vikar hain dubin jaensana aur rotar vikar, jo bilirubin ke aniyamit srav se hote hain. in rogon ka koi ilaj nahin hai. -gilrbat ;lapsaimatajaddh vikar: karib 7 pratishat jansankhya ko yah vikar hota hai. gilabart rog ;lapsaimtj kpemanemaddh men bilirubin thora hi barhta hai. kintu jigar sucharu rup se karya karta rahta hai. is rog ke sath sharirik tanav hone, ya adhik din tak upvas karne ya fir anya koi rog hone par piliya jyada ho jata hai. is rog men jyadatar logon ko khas pareshani nahin hoti hai. atah unhen ilaj ki avashyakta nahin hoti. -piÿa nali men paidaishi vikar rahne se ismen rasoli, jise kolidoklsist ;bivsmkvbins balejaddh kahte hain, ban jati hai. garbhavastha men piliya: garbhavastha men yah rog kam hi hota hai. yah keval tisri timahi men ho sakta hai. ismen khasakar khujli hone lagti hai aur kisi-kisi ko piliya bhi ho jata hai. kuch khas mahilaon men yah jyada hota hai. skaindeneviya aur chili ke vasiyon men is rog ka karan istrojan ;vmejatavahamadaddha namak harmon ko mana jata hai. ekyut faitti jigar ;.banajam thnjjl spaamataddha: yah un garbhavati mahilaon ko ho jata hai jinhen eklempsiya ;mbasanuchepanddh ho gaya ho. is rog men jigar kam karna band kar deta (spaamat nipsntm) hai. iska ilaj bachche ko turant man ke garbh se nikalna hai. agar aisa n karen, to bachche ki maut ka bhi khatra ho sakta hai. shishu men piliya: yah janm ke kuch dinon ke andar ho jata hai. sabhi navjat shishuon men se karib adhe bachchon ko piliya ho jata hai. kintu jyadatar kuch pareshani paida nahin karta. iska karan navjat shishu ke rakt men pae jane vale fitl himoglovin ;thvamjans bhnmauvhsvaipadaddh ka tivrata se nashta hona hai. navjat shishu ka jigr itna paripakva nahin hota ki itna sara kam jaldi ya asani se kar sake. kintu 2-3 saptah men svatah hi shishu bina kisi upchar ke thik ho jata hai. thapspantal ailejmau taphij imchanjapab kanabaj samji imchanjapab kanbj chndbtmane aijvaunbi bavauuvad imchanjapab kanbj bavauuvad ipasam kanabaj chandbtmanjapab kanbj kanvkmdnau balejapab kanbj hansas isankkmt spaamt kuch navjat shishuon men man ka dudh pine ke bad piliya ho jaya karta hai. ismen 2 saptah men piliya najr ata hai aur ek saptah bad kam hote-hote do tin saptah men khatma ho jata hai. man ke dudh men koi aisa tatva maujud rahta hai jiske karn bilirubin ko jigar nishkriya nahin kar pata hai. is prakar ka piliya samay se purva janme shishuon ;chtamaunjanatam chamuivtdeddh men hi jyada hota hai. kuch shishuon men agar rakt men bilirubin jyada matra men barh jae tab upchar ke lie fototherepi (chivjvjimtanchl) ya fir eksachenj transfyujan (mgabindhm jtandeniepvd) bhi karna par sakta hai. ek aur janleva karan ho sakta hai navjat shishu men piliya ka, jise navjat ka himolitik rog (bhnuvasalajapab kpemanem v ichmu thavtd) kahte hain. is rog ka karn ar. ech. negetiv (tin chamhanjpam) man ke garbh men ar. ech. paejitiv (tin chvepjpam) bachche ka hona mana jata hai. adhunik chikitsa suvidhaon ke rahte hue is karan se navjat shishuon men piliya dekhne men nahin ata hai, kyonki pahle bachche paida hone ke 24 ghante ke andar ek injekshan, jise enti di (.dajap k) kahte hain, man ko laga diya jata hai. jigar shoth ka karan hipetaitis (e) vayaras dvara sankraman hai. vayrs sharir men dushit pani, ganne ke ras ya dushit bhojan ke sevan se hota hai. is rog men rogi ko pahle kuch din bukhar aur pet men dard rahta hai aur ultiyan ati hain. fir bukhar utr jane ke pashchat ankhon ka safed bhag pila ho jata hai aur mutra gahre pile ya fir sarson ke tel ke rang ka ane lagta hai. vairal hepetaitis bi ka sankraman jyadatar dushit sirinj, dushit ;bvadjanupdanjamakaddh rakt adi se hota hai. isse sankraman ke karn 50 se 150 din ke andar ya fir isse bhi der bad piliya najar ata hai. iska nidan tabhi sanbhav hai jab rakt men aestreliya aintijn ;bhiai.haddh maujud ho. piliya ke nidan mutra ki janch: -mutra ka sarson ke tel ki tarh atyadhik pila hona aur usmen bilirubin ka hona piliya rog ka sanket deta hai. mutra men kevl kanjugetid bilirubin ;bvadrnhanjamak thapsptnaipadaddh hi ata hai, kyonki yah pani men ghulnshil hota hai. -rakt men ankanjugetid bilirubin (ndabavadaranahanjamak thapsptnaipd) aur kanjugetid bilirubin (bvadrnhanjamak thapsptnaipd) ke stara ki map: rakt janch men lal rakta koshika ki sukshmadarshi dvara janch se tuti futi rakt koshikaon aur retikulosait ki sankhya bhi barh jaegi. aisa himolitik animiya men dekhne men ata hai. -esjioti (ailavj), esjipiti (ailachj) ke stara: jab jigar men shoth ka karan hipetaitis ya vayaral ka sankraman ho tab esjioti tatha esjipiti ka star samanya se kai guna barh jata hai aur agar davaon ka dushprabhav ho, khasakar perasitamol ka, tab to inka star 10,000 yunit ya fir isse bhi adhik tak pahunch sakta hai. -elkelain fasfetej (.sansapadam chivechinjanem): rakt men elkelain fasfetej namk enjain ka barha hona, jigar men pitt ke bahav adi avrodh ke suchak hain. rakt men barha hua amailetra painkriyaj granthi men shoth darshata hai. -altrasaund (nsajatan evndk): is vidhi se piÿa thaili men pathri aur painkriyaj (chndbtmane) aur jigar men rasoli adi ka pata lagaya jata hai. -tamografi skain (bj aiband): ismen eksa-re dvara piÿa thaili, jigar tatha painkriyaj ke kainsar jaise rogon ka ilaj kiya jata hai. -emarai skain (datp aiband)ah is vidhi se piÿa ki nali ke rogi ka thik prakar se ilaj karna ati asan hota hai. -iarsipi skain (mtbch aiband)ah is vidhi se piÿa ki nali ki thik prakar se janch karna asan hota hai aur yah bhi ki nali men avrodh kahan aur kaise hua hai. is vidhi dvara kai bar pathri, jo kisi anya vidhi se bina aepreshan ke nahin nikali ja sakti, ko bhi bari asani se nikal liya jata hai. kabhi-kabhi avrodh ko bhi dur karne ya fir kainsar hone ki avastha mane nali ko khula rakhne ke lie stent (aijmdj) bhi dal diya jata hai. kanaisar ka pata bayopsi ;mtbchddha dvara bhi asani se lagaya ja sakta hai. -jigar bayopsi (smaamt thapvchel): ismen jigar ka bahut chota tukra lekar use sukshmadarshi dvara dekha jata hai. is vidhi se jigar shoth, piÿa nali shoth, sirosis (bpatativepe) kainsar, faitti (thnjjl) jigar (spaamt) tatha praimri biliyari sirosis jaise rogon ka ilaj kiya jata hai. ilaj: ilaj karan par nirbhara karta hai. jigar sankraman rogi ko aram ki jarurat hoti hai. use jyada se jyada karboj yukt aur charbi rahit bhojan karne ki salah di jati hai jaise chaval, shahad, kishmish, kela, chiku, ganne ka ras ityadi. subah khali pet muli ke 10 gram ras ka mishri ke sath sevan karne se shighra labh hota hai. anya rogon se hone vale piliya, jaise pitt ki thaili ki pathri, ka ilaj pitt ki thaili ka aepreshan kar pathri ko nikal kar kiya jata hai. janmajat vikar: gilbart vikar, dubin jaensan rog, krigalar najar tatha rotar vikar adi se grast rogi ka ilaj sanbhav nahin hai. davaon ke sevan se hone vala piliya dava band karne se thik ho jata hai. bachav: hipetaitis ‘e’ (bhnchanjpjpesh.sh) se bachne ke lie dushit pani aur ganne ka ras n pien tatha dushit bhojan n karen. hipetaitis ‘bi’ se bachne ke lie dushit sirinj (bvadjanupdanjmk ailtpdhm) tatha dushit rakt se bachen. in donon rogon se bachav vaiksin ke tike lagvakar bhi kiya ja sakta hai.
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paravidyaon ko samarpit sarvashreshth masik jyotish patrika  November 2006

adhyatm prerak shani punsavan vrat pavitra parva : kartik purnima vivah vilamb ka mahatvapurn karak shani

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