The eighteen pravartakas like Bhrigu, Shukracharya, Brihaspati and the other's have also dealt with this subject extensively. All these classics are complete by themselves, but in the eleventh century the king of Malva Bhoj Parmar composed 'Samarangan Sutradhar' which is one of the most established and proven granthas of Vastu. It is a compilation of the principles laid down in all these previous vastu granthas. It also provides simple remedial measures for correction of Vastu faults without damaging the constructed house.
Vastu shastra originated in the Vedic age and up to the 13th century AD it flourished and became a part of peoples lives. After the advent of the Mughals, the popularity and practice of this art diminished, though it remained popular in South India. Once the British arrived, this remarkable art practically vanished. People started ridiculing it and started considering it to be old fashioned and stupid, instead of accepting it and practising it. It has fortunately been revived today and is giving us health wealth prosperity and peace in the tension filled life of today.
The word Vastu originated from the Sanskrit word “Vas” and the meaning of this word is to live life or to reside. The word “Vasu” originated from “Vas” and finally this word “Vastu” originated from “Vasu”. The meaning of वास्तु is व+अस्तु which means for living, therefore meaning of the word Vastu is a place where a person resides. The meaning of Shastra is a book which deals with the mysterious and systematic explanation of a subject, therefore the meaning of Vastushastra is a book related to the residence. The origin and anatomy of Vastushastra is based on the principle of the five elements of creation.
As our body is also made up of these five elements, if enough attention is paid to the incorporation of these five elements in the construction of a house then the people residing in the building shall reside happily. These five elements are- Earth, Water, Fire, Air and Space. Our universe also is made up of these five elements only. Therefore the saying goes :
यत पिण्डे तत ब्रह्माण्डे।
God (भगवान-bhagwan) has given these five gifts to us :
- भ (bha) भूमि (land)
- ग (ga)गगन (sky, ether)
- वा (va) वायु (air)
- न (na) नीर(water)
God is represented by the symbol ऊँ(Om). These five elements are present in this
अ is Agni (fire), “Au” उ is Jal (water), “Ma” म is Vayu (air), “ardhachandra” is Bhoomi (land) and “Shunya” (0) is Akash (ether, sky). Similarly the word Vastu also denotes these five elements. From “Va” व Vayu (air), from “Aa” ा अ Agni (fire), from “Sa” स “Srishti” Bhoomi (land), from “Ta” त Tat means Akash (ether/ sky) and from “Au” उ Jal (water).
These five elements also are represented by the five planets :
- 1. Earth is represented by Mars
- 2. Water is represented by Venus
- 3. Fire is represented by Sun
- 4. Air is represented by Saturn
- 5. Ether is represented by Jupiter
Similarly mind is controlled by Moon. Intelligence is controlled by Mercury. Ego and arrogance is controlled by Rahu and moksha or spirituality by Ketu. Disbalance of these elements in the body produces ill health and disease. In a similar manner the disbalance of these elements in a house creates varied kind of troubles for the persons living in it. There are unlimited forces present in nature. Some of these forces influence us, for example the gravitational force of earth, the magnetic and electrical energy of the universe and the electromagnetic force present everywhere.
Vastu Purush representing
These energies also exist in the constructed house and they continue influencing the electro magnetic force present in the human body. This produces the auspicious or inauspicious results. These results vary from place to place depending on the geographical location. For these reasons the results of vastu principles are not the same all over the world. They differ according to the longitude and latitude of the place. They also differ according to the horoscope of the person concerned. If man goes along with the flow of nature's energies, it produces good health, progress and prosperity. If he goes against the flow of nature, he faces hurdles and obstructions everywhere. Hence it is utmost important and necessary for us to organize our lives according to nature, only then we can live happily. Halayudha kosha makes the following statement regarding vastu.
वास्तु संक्षेपतो वक्ष्ये गृहादो विघ्ननाशनम्।
ईशानकोणादारभ्य ह्योकाशीतिपदे त्यजेत्।।
Vastu is that art of house construction, which starts from Ishan kona etc. and which protects the residents of the house from natural calamities and obstructions. According to Amar kosha